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Bolboschoenus is a genus of plants in the sedge family, of nearly cosmopolitan distribution.[3][4][5] Epipaleolithic and Neolithic peoples used ground root tubers of these plants to make the first breads.[6][7]

Bolboschoenus yagara.jpeg
B. yagara infructescences
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Bolboschoenus
(Asch.) Palla in Hallier & Brand [1]
Type species
Bolboschoenus maritimus [2]
Accepted species
  1. Bolboschoenus caldwellii (V.J.Cook) Soják - Australia, New Zealand
  2. Bolboschoenus capensis (Burm.f.) Holub - Cape Province of South Africa
  3. Bolboschoenus fluviatilis (Torr.) Soják - Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Canada, United States, northeastern Mexico
  4. Bolboschoenus glaucus (Lam.) S.G.Sm. - southern Europe, Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, India, Mongolia
  5. Bolboschoenus grandispicus (Steud.) Lewej. & Lobin - coastal dunes in Senegal
  6. Bolboschoenus laticarpus Marhold, Hroudová, Ducháček & Zákr - central Europe from Britain and France to Ukraine; Algeria, Turkey
  7. Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla in W.D.J.Koch - widespread across much of temperate and subtropical Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America and various islands
  8. Bolboschoenus medianus (V.J.Cook) Soják - Australia, New Zealand
  9. Bolboschoenus nobilis (Ridl.) Goetgh. & D.A.Simpson - Angola, Namibia
  10. Bolboschoenus novae-angliae (Britton) S.G.Sm. - northeastern United States from Maine south along the seacoast to Georgia
  11. Bolboschoenus planiculmis (F.Schmidt) T.V.Egorova - much of Europe and Asia from Spain to Japan and south to New Guinea
  12. Bolboschoenus robustus (Pursh) Soják - eastern United States; California, Bermuda, Bahamas, east coast of Mexico (from Tamaulipas to Tabasco), New Brunswick, northern South America
  13. Bolboschoenus schmidii (Raymond) Holub - Iran, Central Asia
  14. Bolboschoenus stagnicola (Raymond) Soják. - Pakistan
  15. Bolboschoenus yagara (Ohwi) Y.C.Yang & M.Zhan - northern Eurasia from Germany and Sweden to Japan and Kamchatka, including Russia, Siberia, China


  1. ^  Palla's treatment of Ascherson's Scirpus sect. Bolboschoenus, which he ranked as the genus Bolboschoenus, was published in Synopsis der Deutschen und Schweizer Flora, enthaltend die genauer bekannten phanerogamischen gewächse, so wie die cryptogamischen gefäss-pflanzen, welche in Deutschland, der Schweiz, in Preussen und Istrien wild wachsen, Edition 3. 2531. 1905. Hallier & Brand, Leipzig. Plant Name Details for Genus Bolboschoenus. IPNI. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Name - Bolboschoenus (Asch.) Palla". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Hroudová, Z., Gregor, T. & Zákravsky, P. (2009). Die verbreitung von Bolboschoenus-Arten in Deutschland. Kochia 4: 1-22.
  6. ^ González Carretero, Lara; Wollstonecroft, Michèle; Fuller, Dorian Q. (2017-03-16). "A methodological approach to the study of archaeological cereal meals: a case study at Çatalhöyük East (Turkey)". Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 26 (4): 415–432. doi:10.1007/s00334-017-0602-6. ISSN 0939-6314. PMC 5486841. PMID 28706348.
  7. ^ Arranz-Otaegui, Amaia; Carretero, Lara Gonzalez; Ramsey, Monica N.; Fuller, Dorian Q.; Richter, Tobias (2018-07-11). "Archaeobotanical evidence reveals the origins of bread 14,400 years ago in northeastern Jordan". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 115 (31): 7925–7930. doi:10.1073/pnas.1801071115. ISSN 0027-8424. PMID 30012614.