Bohuslän Regiment

The Bohuslän Regiment (Swedish: Bohusläns regemente), designation I 17, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traces its origins back 1661. It was disbanded in 1992. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the provinces of Bohuslän, and it was later garrisoned there in the town Uddevalla.

Bohuslän Regiment
Bohusläns regemente
BohusDalgruppen vapen.svg
Active1720–1992
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeInfantry
SizeRegiment
Part of3rd Military District (1833–1893)
3rd Army Division (1893–1901)
III Army Division (1902–1927)
Western Army Division (1928–1936)
III Army Division (1937–1943)
III Military Area (1943–1966)
Western Military Area (1966-1992)
Garrison/HQUddevalla
Nickname(s)Green Dragoons (Gröna dragonerna)
Motto(s)Gärningar – Inte ord[note 1]
("Deeds - Not words")
Mod, tapperhet och uthållighet - en krigsmans förnämsta dygder
("Courage, bravery and perseverance - the greatest virtues of a warrior")
ColorsGreen
March"Bohusläns regementes marsch" (Bagge/Speich)
"Deutschland auf der Wacht" (Franke)[note 2]
Battle honoursLund (1676)
Landskrona (1677)
Hälsingborg (1710)
Gadebusch (1712)
Svensksund (1790)
Insignia
Branch insignia m/60Truppslagstecken Infanteri m60 (guld).png
Unit insignia m/60AM.090978b 1 17.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insigniaTilläggstecken för Bohusläns regemente.jpg

Heraldry and traditionsEdit

Colours, standards and guidonsEdit

The colour was presented to the former Royal Bohuslän Regiment (I 17) in Uddevalla by King Gustaf VI Adolf on 27 August 1961. The colour was drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by the company Libraria. It was used as regimental colour by I 17 until 1 July 1992 and as a National Home Guard colour (Uddevalla Northern Home Guard District) 1992–1997. Blazon: "On white cloth the provincial badge of Bohuslän; a red tower em-battled with two yellow portcullis with black hinges and locks, between dexter an erect blue sword and sinister a yellow lion rampant. On a red border at the upper side of the colour, battle honours in white." Battle honours: Lund (1676), Landskrona (1677), Hälsingborg (1710), Gadebusch (1712) and Svensksund (1790).[3]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of the arms of the Bohuslän Regiment (I 17) 1977–1992 and the Bohus-Dal Group (Bohus-Dalsgruppen) since 1997. Blazon: "Argent, the provincial badge of Bohuslän, a castle with a tower both embattled gules; masoned sable, two portcullis or charged with hinges and locks sable between a sword erect azure and a lion rampant of the last, armed and langued or. The shield surmounted two muskets in saltire or".[4]

Memorial stonesEdit

In 1901, the regiment raised a memorial stone of the Battle of Svensksund at its former military camp, Backamo, in connection with a visit by the German regiment Graf Roon. This German regiment is derives from the former Psilanderhielmska Regiment based in Pomerania, which in 1796 became named after the newly arrived commander von Engelbrechten.[5] When the regiment moved in to Uddevalla, the monument was moved to the adjacent regiment park at the present Bohuslän Defense Museum.[6][7]

HeritageEdit

In connection with the decommissioning of Bohuslän Regiment, its traditions came from 1 July 1992 onwards to be kept by the Bohus Group (Bohusgruppen).[8]

Commanding officersEdit

Regimental commanders:[9]

  • 1720–1728: Ture Gabriel Bielke
  • 1720–1721: Jean Louis Bousquet (acting)
  • 1722–1724: Johan Fredrik Didron (acting)
  • 1728–1740: Axel Erik Roos
  • 1740–1746: Anders Tungelfeldt
  • 1746–1758: Georg Reinhold von Köhler
  • 1759–1763: Lars Åkerhielm
  • 1763–1769: Georg Gustaf Wrangel
  • 1769–1775: Mauritz Casimir Lewenhaupt
  • 1775–1781: Axel Didrik Meijendorff von Yxkull
  • 1781–1790: Jan Verner Tranefelt
  • 1789–1792: Hans Henric von Essen (acting)
  • 1790–1792: Gustav Wachtmeister
  • 1792–1793: Fredrik Adolf von Numers
  • 1793–1796: Adolf Fredrik Påhlman
  • 1796–1810: Johan Leonard Belfrage
  • 1810–1821: Erik Wilhelm Haij
  • 1818–1821: Philip von Mecklenburg (acting)
  • 1821–1838: Philip von Mecklenburg
  • 1838–1856: Georg Gillis von Heideman
  • 1856–1868: Henrik Nauckhoff
  • 1868–1881: Georg Fleetwood
  • 1881–1882: Otto Taube
  • 1881–1882: Axel Rappe (acting)
  • 1882–1885: Axel Rappe
  • 1885–1890: Axel Rudenschöld
  • 1890–1892: Christer Oxehufvud
  • 1890–1892: Mathias Fjellman (acting)
  • 1892–1898: Mathias Fjellman
  • 1898–1907: Olof Malm
  • 1907–1915: Charles Tottie
  • 1914–1915: Olof Werling Melin (acting)
  • 1915–1921: Olof Werling Melin
  • 1921–1923: Bengt Ribbing
  • 1923–1930: Victor Landegren
  • 1930–1936: Harald Malmberg
  • 1936–1937: Thorsten Rudenschiöld (acting)
  • 1937–1942: Thorsten Rudenschiöld
  • 1942–1948: Sven Öberg
  • 1948–1957: Erik Sellin
  • 1957–1963: Gunnar Smedmark
  • 1963–1966: Claës Skoglund
  • 1966–1971: Bertil Kamph
  • 1971–1977: Gunnar Åberg
  • 1977–1980: Åke von Schéele
  • 1980–1982: Lars Löfberg
  • 1982–1983: Arne Rolff (acting)
  • 1983–1985: Arne Rolff
  • 1985–1987: Jan-Olof Borgén
  • 1987–1990: Kaj Sjösten
  • 1990–1990: Lennart Bergqvist
  • 1991–1992: Lars Andréasson

Names, designations and locationsEdit

Name Translation From To
Kungl Bohusläns kavalleri- och dragonregemente Royal Bohuslän Cavalry and Dragoon Regiment 1720-12-21 1727-??-??
Kungl Bohusläns dragonregemente Royal Bohuslän Dragoon Regiment 1727-??-?? 1776-??-??
Kungl Bohusläns lätta dragonregemente Royal Bohuslän Light Dragoon Regiment 1776-??-?? 1791-??-??
Kungl Bohusläns regemente Royal Bohuslän Regiment 1791-??-?? 1974-12-31
Bohusläns regemente Bohuslän Regiment 1975-01-01 1992-06-30
Designation From To
No. 17 1816-10-01 1914-09-30
I 17 1914-10-01 1992-06-30
Location From To
Backamo 1770-??-?? 1913-09-27
Uddevalla 1913-10-14 1992-06-30

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Later used by the 14th Home Guard Battalion.[1]
  2. ^ The march replaced "Bohusläns regementes marsch" (Bagge/Speich) in 1889 and was established by Army Order 33/1953.[2]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård 2017, p. 49
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 31
  3. ^ Braunstein 2004, pp. 79–80
  4. ^ Braunstein 2006, p. 25
  5. ^ Gabrielsson 2004, p. 166
  6. ^ "Registerkort Nr O07" (in Swedish). Svenska militära minnesmärken. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  7. ^ Gabrielsson 2004, p. 98
  8. ^ Braunstein 2003, pp. 77–80
  9. ^ Kjellander 2003, p. 251

PrintEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Bergstrand, Carl-Martin; Åberg, Alf; Uddgren, Hugo Edvard, eds. (1953). Kungl. Bohusläns regemente och dess hembygd: inför ett trehundraårsminne. D. 1 (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Kungl. Bohusläns regementes historiekomm. SELIBR 1245675.
  • Alm, Josef; Berglund, Carl-Axel, eds. (1956). Kungl. Bohusläns regemente och dess hembygd: inför ett trehundraårsminne. D. 2 (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Kungl. Bohusläns regementes historiekomm. SELIBR 1245674.
  • Berglund, Carl-Axel, ed. (1961). Kungl. Bohusläns regemente och dess hembygd: inför ett trehundraårsminne. D. 3 (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Kungl. Bohusläns regementes historiekomm. SELIBR 1245672.
  • Bernstone, Kristian; Ekberg, Lennart; Klasson, Gunnar, eds. (1992). Kungl. Bohusläns regemente och dess hembygd: inför ett trehundraårsminne. D. 4, [Tiden 1946-1992] (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Bohusläns regementes historiekomm. SELIBR 1245676.
  • Mankell, Julius (1866). Anteckningar rörande svenska regementernas historia (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Örebro: Lindh. pp. 325–330. SELIBR 1549756.

Coordinates: 58°20′52″N 11°57′26″E / 58.34778°N 11.95722°E / 58.34778; 11.95722