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Bobonaro (Portuguese: Município Bobonaro, Tetum: Munisípiu Bobonaru, or Munisípiu Buburnaru) is a municipality (and was formerly a district) in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste commonly known as East Timor. It is the second-most western municipality on the east half of the island. It has a population of 92,045 (Census 2010) and an area of 1,376 km².
|• Total||1,378.1 km2 (532.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Households (2015 census)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (TLT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TL-BO|
medium · 8th
The word Bobonaro is said to be a Portuguese approximation of the Tetum language word Buburnaru, which means 'tall eucalypt'. However, there are also other explanations for the origin of the municipality's name.
Ho (transl. 'blood') and nalu, the name of a traditional woven basket also called a 'bote' or a 'taan', are words in the local Bunak language. The basket is worn on the back with a strap on the forehead. In combination, ho and nalu mean 'basket of blood' or 'basket of life', and Bobonaro approximates the combination.
The Savu Sea lies to the north of Bobonaro. The municipality borders the municipalities of Liquiçá to the northeast, Ermera to the east, Ainaro to the southeast, and Cova-Lima to the south. To the west lies the Indonesian province Nusa Tenggara Timur. In Portuguese Timor, the then district had the same boundaries as the present municipality; however its capital was at Vila Armindo Monteiro, which is now called Bobonaro.
The capital of Bobonaro is East Timor's fourth largest city, Maliana. As of 2004[update] it had a population of 13,200. It sits at 9.00°S and 125.22°E, 149 km from to the southwest of the national capital, Dili. The next two largest cities in the municipality are Bobonaro City (also known as Aubá), with 6,700 people; and Lolotoi with a population of 3,800. Another village is Atabae in Atabae Administrative Post.
Administrative posts edit
The municipality's administrative posts (formerly sub-districts) are:
The administrative posts are divided into 50 sucos ("villages") in total.
The main road between Dili and the Indonesian border at Batugade runs through this municipality, clinging closely to the coast for almost its entire length through the municipality. It runs through Atabae and Balibó administrative posts.
Border crossings edit
The main border crossing between East Timor and Indonesia is located in this district at Batugade where the East Timor Immigration Post is located. The Indonesian checkpoint is located in Mota'ain in Belu Regency, Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. Another minor border crossing checkpoint is maintained by the Immigration Service of East Timor within this municipality at Tunibibi near Maliana. The Indonesian post for this crossing is at Turiskain, also in Belu Regency.
The municipality had been a popular destination in Timor, due to its mountains and hot springs, but it suffered much violence in the war for independence. Balibó, located about 10 miles from the Indonesian border, was estimated by Human Rights Watch to be 70% destroyed during the militia violence that preceded the referendum for East Timorese independence. It was also the site of the killing of five Australian-based journalists (the Balibo Five) by Indonesian forces on 16 October 1975 during an incursion by Indonesia into what was then Portuguese Timor.
In addition to the official languages of Tetum and Portuguese, a large part of Bobonaro speaks the Malayo-Polynesian languages Bekais and Kemak and Papuan language Bunak, which are designated "national languages" by the constitution.
See also edit
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
- Hull, Geoffrey (June 2006). "The placenames of East Timor" (PDF). Placenames Australia: Newsletter of the Australian National Placenames Survey: 6–7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "Perfil: 2. Toponímia" [Profile: 2. Toponymy]. Bobonaro Municipality (in Tetum). Retrieved 18 July 2022.
- Brajendra Kumar (2006). Encyclopaedia of Southeast Asia (set of 5 Vols.). Akansha Publishing House. ISBN 81-837-0073-X.
- "East Timor: Country Woman's Association" (PDF). University of New England. February 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Gunn, Geoffrey C (2011). Historical Dictionary of East Timor. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. pp. 51–52. ISBN 9780810867543.
- Soares, Rosália E M (2017). Tais Husi Bobonaro, Timor-Leste / Os Têxteis de Bobonaro, Timor-Leste / The Textiles of Bobonaro, Timor-Leste (in Tetum, Portuguese, and English). Dili: Governo de Timor-Leste. Retrieved 4 May 2023.
- Bobonaro District Profile (PDF) (Report). April 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
- Munisipio Bobonaro: Planu Estartejiku Desenvolvimentu Munisipal [Bobonaro Municipality: Municipal Strategic Development Plan] (Report) (in Tetum). Ministry of State Administration (East Timor) / Administration of Bobonaro Municipality. 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
- Perfil Distritu Bobonaro [Bobonaro District Profile] (PDF) (Report) (in Tetum). 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
Media related to Bobonaro (Municipality) at Wikimedia Commons