Bobigny

Bobigny (French pronunciation: ​[bo.bi.ɲi]) is a commune, or town, in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.1 km (5.7 mi) from the center of Paris. Bobigny is the préfecture (capital) of the Seine-Saint-Denis département, as well as the seat of the Arrondissement of Bobigny. It is the 12th-largest commune in Seine-Saint-Denis (1999 census).

Bobigny
Prefecture building
Prefecture building
Coat of arms of Bobigny
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location of Bobigny
Bobigny is located in France
Bobigny
Bobigny
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Bobigny is located in Île-de-France (region)
Bobigny
Bobigny
Bobigny (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°54′38″N 2°26′23″E / 48.9106°N 2.4397°E / 48.9106; 2.4397Coordinates: 48°54′38″N 2°26′23″E / 48.9106°N 2.4397°E / 48.9106; 2.4397
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-Saint-Denis
ArrondissementBobigny
CantonBobigny and Bondy
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Abdel Sadi
Area
1
6.77 km2 (2.61 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
54,272
 • Density8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Balbyniens
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93008 /93000
Elevation39–57 m (128–187 ft)
(avg. 45 m or 148 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Inhabitants are called Balbyniens. Bobigny is the seat of the Seine-Saint-Denis prefecture. The first IKEA store in France was located in this commune.

TransportEdit

Bobigny is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 5: Bobigny – Pantin – Raymond Queneau and Bobigny – Pablo Picasso. It can also be reached from the outer terminus of Paris Métro Line 7 at La Courneuve.

EconomyEdit

Valeo has management branches (Valeo Transmissions group and Valeo Friction Materials group) here. It was also the manufacturing base used by Meccano for French Dinky Toys from 1933 until 1970, when the factory was closed and later demolished. Production of Dinky Toys was then transferred to the Meccano factory in Calais until 1972, when the last new model, a Renault 4 la poste, was produced.

ToponymyEdit

Its name is derived from Roman-period Balbiniacum, "the place of Balbo or Balbinus or Balbinius"; or "of the dumb or silent man/men" (Gaulish: Irish Gaelic balbh = "dumb, silent").

HistoryEdit

During World War II, approximately 20,000 Jews were shipped from a railway station in Bobigny. Their ultimate destination were the Nazi camps.[2]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 260—    
1800 257−0.17%
1806 278+1.32%
1821 231−1.23%
1831 316+3.18%
1836 333+1.05%
1841 351+1.06%
1846 353+0.11%
1851 370+0.95%
1856 363−0.38%
1861 561+9.10%
1866 910+10.16%
1872 889−0.39%
1876 972+2.26%
1881 1,173+3.83%
1886 1,335+2.62%
1891 1,540+2.90%
1896 1,678+1.73%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,946+3.01%
1906 2,438+4.61%
1911 3,660+8.46%
1921 6,757+6.32%
1926 11,412+11.05%
1931 17,370+8.76%
1936 17,676+0.35%
1946 16,547−0.66%
1954 18,521+1.42%
1962 37,010+9.04%
1968 39,453+1.07%
1975 43,125+1.28%
1982 42,723−0.13%
1990 44,659+0.56%
1999 44,079−0.15%
2007 48,196+1.12%
2012 48,496+0.12%
2017 53,640+2.04%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

List of mayorsEdit

Start End Name Party
1944 1955 Léon Pesch PCF
1955 1965 René Guesnier PCF
1965 1995 Georges Valbon PCF
1995 2006 Bernard Birsinger PCF
2006 2014 Catherine Peyge PCF
2014 2020 Stéphane de Paoli UDI
2020 2026 Abdel Sadi PCF

EducationEdit

The commune has 14 public preschools (écoles maternelles), 15 public elementary schools, four public junior high schools, three public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges, and one private school.[5]

There is also a school of hotel management, École hôtelière de Bobigny.[6]

The Bobigny campus of Paris 13 University is its second-largest. It focuses on the medical sciences, and hosts a strong medical degree.

PersonalitiesEdit

Bobigny is the birthplace of:

Bobigny is the place of death of:

• Jacques Brel, Belgian singer-songwriter.

HeraldryEdit

The arms of Bobigny are blazoned :
Or, a saltire gules, overall on an inescutcheon azure, a basket filled with fruit and flowers and topped with 7 ears of wheat argent.

The village of Bobigny was under Saint Andrew, hence the cross of Saint Andrew (saltire). The small shield in the middle evokes the agricultural nature of the commune, before the spread of built-up Paris surrounded it.



International relationsEdit

Bobigny is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "The deportation stages | Ancienne Gare de déportation de Bobigny". garedeportation.bobigny.fr. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Bobigny, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Scolarité et enseignements." Bobigny. Retrieved on 4 September 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "Enseignement secondaire." Bobigny. Retrieved on 4 September 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Relations internationales et culture de paix". Ville de Bobigny (official site). Archived from the original on 21 July 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  8. ^ "Die Partnerstädte der Landeshauptstadt Potsdam". potsdam.de (in German). Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.

External linksEdit