Robert Cletus "Bobby" Driscoll (March 3, 1937 – c. March 30, 1968) was an American actor who performed on film and television from 1943 to 1960. He starred in some of the Walt Disney Studios' best-known live-action pictures of that period: Song of the South (1946), So Dear to My Heart (1949), and Treasure Island (1950), as well as RKO's The Window (1949). He served as the animation model and provided the voice for the title role in Peter Pan (1953). He received an Academy Juvenile Award for outstanding performances in So Dear to My Heart and The Window.

Bobby Driscoll
Driscoll in 1950
Robert Cletus Driscoll

(1937-03-03)March 3, 1937
Diedc. March 30, 1968(1968-03-30) (aged 31)
Resting placePotter's Field, Hart Island, New York
Years active1943–1965
Notable workSong of the South (1946)
So Dear to My Heart (1949)
Treasure Island (1950)
Peter Pan (1953)
Marilyn Jean Rush
(m. 1956; div. 1960)
AwardsAcademy Juvenile Award
1950 So Dear to My Heart; The Window
Milky Way Gold Star Award
1954 for his TV and Radio work
Hollywood Walk Of Fame
1560 Vine Street

In the mid-1950s, Driscoll's acting career began to decline, and he turned primarily to guest appearances on anthology TV series. He became addicted to narcotics, and was sentenced to prison for illicit drug use. After his release, he focused his attention on the avant-garde art scene. In ill health from his substance abuse, and with his funds depleted, his body was discovered on March 30, 1968, in an abandoned building in the East Village of Manhattan.

Early life Edit

He was born Robert Cletus Driscoll in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the only child of Cletus (1901–1969), an insulation salesman, and Isabelle (née Kratz; 1904–1981), a former schoolteacher. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Des Moines,[1] where they stayed until early 1943. The family moved to Los Angeles when a doctor advised the father to relocate to California because he was suffering from work-related handling of asbestos.[citation needed]

Driscoll's parents were encouraged to help their son become a child performer in films. Their barber's son, an actor, got Bobby an audition at MGM for a role in the family drama Lost Angel (1943), which starred Margaret O'Brien. While on a tour across the studio lot, five-year-old Driscoll noticed a mock-up ship and asked where the water was. The director was impressed by the boy's curiosity and intelligence and chose him over 40 applicants.[2][3]

Career Edit

"Wonder Child" Edit

Driscoll in The Fighting Sullivans (1944), his debut film

Driscoll's brief, two-minute debut[4] helped him win the role of young Al Sullivan, the youngest of the five Sullivan brothers, in the 20th Century Fox's World War II drama The Fighting Sullivans (1944) with Thomas Mitchell and Anne Baxter. Additional screen portrayals included the boy who could blow his whistle while standing on his head in Sunday Dinner for a Soldier, the "child brother" of Richard Arlen in The Big Bonanza (both 1944), and young Percy Maxim in So Goes My Love (1946),[5] with Don Ameche and Myrna Loy. He also had smaller roles in movies such as Identity Unknown (1945) and Miss Susie Slagle's, From This Day Forward, and O.S.S. with Alan Ladd (all 1946).

Disney Edit

Driscoll in February 1946

Driscoll and Luana Patten were the first two actors Walt Disney placed under contract.[6] Driscoll then played the lead character in Song of the South (1946), which introduced live action into the producer's films in conjunction with extensive animated footage. The film turned Driscoll and his co-star Luana Patten into child stars, and they were discussed for a special Academy Award as the best child actors of the year, but for the year of its release, no juvenile awards were presented at all.[7]

Now nicknamed by the American press as Walt Disney's "Sweetheart Team",[8] Driscoll and Patten starred together in So Dear to My Heart (1948) with Burl Ives and Beulah Bondi. It was planned as Disney's first all-live-action movie, with production beginning immediately after Song of the South,[9] but its release was delayed until late 1948 to meet the demands of Disney's co-producer and longtime distributor RKO Radio Pictures for animated content in the film.[citation needed]

Driscoll played Eddie Cantor's screen son in the RKO Studios musical comedy If You Knew Susie (also 1948), in which he teamed with former Our Gang member Margaret Kerry.[10] Patten and he appeared with Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers in the live-action teaser for the Pecos Bill segment of Disney's cartoon compilation Melody Time (also 1948).[11]

Driscoll was lent to RKO[12] to star in The Window, based on Cornell Woolrich's short story "The Boy Cried Murder". Howard Hughes, who had bought RKO the previous year, considered the film unworthy of release and Driscoll not much of an actor, so delayed its release. When it was released in May 1949, it became a surprise hit. The New York Times credited Driscoll with the film's success:

The mounting terror of a young boy who lives in mortal fear of his life is projected with remarkable verisimilitude by 12-year-old Bobby Driscoll in "The Window," which opened on Saturday at the Victoria. The striking force and terrifying impact of this RKO melodrama is chiefly due to Bobby's brilliant acting, for the whole effect would have been lost were there any suspicion of doubt about the credibility of this pivotal character. Occasionally, the director overdoes things a bit in striving for shock effects...But "The Window" is Bobby Driscoll's picture, make no mistake about that.[13]

So Dear to My Heart and The Window earned Driscoll a special Juvenile Academy Award in March 1950 as the outstanding juvenile actor of 1949.[14][15]

Driscoll was cast to play Jim Hawkins in Walt Disney's version of Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island (1950), with British actor Robert Newton as Long John Silver, the studio's first all-live-action picture. The feature was filmed in the United Kingdom, and during production, Driscoll was found to not have a valid British work permit, so his family and Disney were fined and ordered to leave the country. They were allowed to remain for six weeks to prepare an appeal, and director Byron Haskin hastily shot all of Driscoll's close-ups,[16] using his British stand-in to film missing location scenes after his parents and he had returned to California.[17]

Treasure Island was an international hit, and several other film projects involving Driscoll were under discussion, but none materialized. For example, Haskin recalled in his memoirs that Disney, although interested in Robert Louis Stevenson's pirate story as a full-length cartoon, always planned to cast Driscoll as Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer.[18] He was at the perfect age for the role, but because of a story rights ownership dispute with Hollywood producer David O. Selznick, who had previously produced the property in 1938, Disney ultimately had to cancel the entire project.[19] Driscoll also was scheduled to portray a youthful follower of Robin Hood following Treasure Island, again with Robert Newton, who would play Friar Tuck,[20] but Driscoll's run-in with British immigration made this impossible.[21]

Driscoll's second long-run Disney contract allowed him to be lent to independent Horizon Pictures for the double role of Danny/Josh Reed in When I Grow Up (1951). His casting was suggested by screenwriter Michael Kanin.

In addition to his brief guest appearance in Walt Disney's first television Christmas show in 1950, One Hour in Wonderland, Driscoll lent his voice to Goofy, Jr. in the Disney cartoon shorts "Fathers are People" and "Father's Lion", which were released in 1951 and 1952, respectively.

Driscoll portrayed Robert "Bibi" Bonnard in Richard Fleischer's comedy The Happy Time (1952), which was based on a Broadway play of the same name by Samuel A. Taylor. Cast with Charles Boyer, Marsha Hunt, Louis Jourdan, and Kurt Kasznar, he played the juvenile offspring of a patriarch in Quebec of the 1920s, the character upon whom the plot centered.

Driscoll as Peter Pan in The Walt Disney Christmas Show

Driscoll's last major success, Peter Pan (1953), was produced largely between May 1949 and mid-1951.[22] Driscoll was cast with Disney's "Little British Lady" Kathryn Beaumont, who was in the role of Wendy Darling; he was used as the reference model for the close-ups and provided Peter Pan's voice, and dancer and choreographer Roland Dupree was the model for the character's motion.[23][24] Scenes were played on an almost empty sound stage, with only the most essential props, and filmed for use by the animators.

In his biography on Disney, Marc Elliot described Driscoll as the producer's favorite "live action" child star: "Walt often referred to Driscoll with great affection as the living embodiment of his own youth".[25] During a project meeting following the completion of Peter Pan, though, Disney stated that he now saw Driscoll as best suited for roles as a young bully rather than a likeable protagonist. Driscoll's salary at Disney had been raised to $1,750 per week[26] and compared to his salary, Driscoll had little work from 1952 on. In March 1953, the additional two-year option Driscoll had been extended (which would have kept him at Disney into 1956) was cancelled, just weeks after Peter Pan was released theatrically. A severe case of acne accompanying the onset of puberty,[27] explaining why it was necessary for Driscoll to use heavy makeup for his performances on dozens of TV shows, was officially provided as the final reason for the termination of his connection with the Disney Studios.

Radio and television Edit

Driscoll encountered increasing indifference from the other Hollywood studios. Still perceived as "Disney's kid actor",[28] he was unable to get movie roles as a serious character actor. Beginning in 1953 and for most of the next three years, the bulk of his work was on television, on such anthology and drama series as Fireside Theater, Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, Front Row Center, Navy Log, TV Reader's Digest, Climax!, Ford Theatre, Studio One, Dragnet, Medic, and Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre. On another series, Men of Annapolis, he appeared with John Smith, future second husband of Driscoll's Song of the South co-star, Luana Patten.

In some special star-focusing series, Driscoll appeared with Loretta Young, Gloria Swanson, and Jane Wyman.

Between 1948 and 1957, he performed on a number of radio productions, which included a special broadcast version of Treasure Island in January 1951 and of Peter Pan in December 1953. As it was common practice in this business, Driscoll and Luana Patten also did promotional radio gigs (starting in late 1946 for Song of the South) and toured the country for various parades and charity events through the years.[29]

In 1947, he recorded a special version of "So Dear to My Heart" at Capitol Records. In 1954, he was awarded a Milky Way Gold Star Award, chosen in a nationwide poll for his work on television and radio.[30]

Post-Disney Edit

After Driscoll left the Disney studios, his parents withdrew him from the Hollywood Professional School, which served child movie actors,[31][32][33][34] and sent him to the public West Los Angeles University High School, instead. There, his grades dropped substantially, he was the target of ridicule for his previous film career, and he began to take drugs.[35] He said later, "The other kids didn't accept me. They treated me as one apart. I tried desperately to be one of the gang. When they rejected me, I fought back, became belligerent and cocky—and was afraid all the time."[36][37] At his request, Driscoll's parents returned him the next year to Hollywood Professional School, where in May 1955 he graduated.[38]

His drug use increased; in an interview years later, he stated, "I was 17 when I first experimented with the stuff. In no time I was using whatever was available... mostly heroin, because I had the money to pay for it."[39] In 1956, he was arrested for the first time for possession of marijuana, but the charge was dismissed.[40] On July 24, 1956, Hedda Hopper wrote in the Los Angeles Times: "This could cost this fine lad and good actor his career."[41] In 1957, he had only two television parts, as the loyal brother of a criminal immigrant in M Squad, a long-running crime series starring Lee Marvin, and as an officer aboard the submarine S-38 in an episode of the World War II docudrama series The Silent Service.

In December 1956, Driscoll and his longtime girlfriend, Marilyn Jean Rush (occasionally misspelled as "Brush"), eloped to Mexico to marry despite their parents' objections. The couple was later rewed in a ceremony that took place in Los Angeles in March 1957.[42] They had two daughters and one son, but the relationship did not last. They separated, then divorced in 1960.[43]

Later roles Edit

Driscoll began using the name "Robert Driscoll"[44] to distance himself from his youthful roles as "Bobby" (since 1951, he had been known to friends and family as "Bob",[45] and in Schlitz Playhouse of Stars – Early Space Conquerors, 1952, was credited as "Bob Driscoll"[46]). He landed two final screen roles: with Cornel Wilde in The Scarlet Coat (1955) and opposite Mark Damon, Connie Stevens, and Frances Farmer in The Party Crashers (1958).[47]

He was charged with disturbing the peace and assault with a deadly weapon after two hecklers made insulting remarks while he was washing a girlfriend's car and he hit one with a pistol, but the charges were dropped.[48]

His last known appearances on TV were small roles in two single-season series: The Best of the Post, a syndicated anthology series adapted from stories published in The Saturday Evening Post magazine, and The Brothers Brannagan, an unsuccessful crime series starring Stephen Dunne and Mark Roberts. Both were originally aired on November 5, 1960.

Late in 1961, he was sentenced as a drug addict and imprisoned at the Narcotic Rehabilitation Center of the California Institution for Men in Chino, California. When Driscoll left Chino in early 1962, he was unable to find acting work. Embittered by this, he said, "I have found that memories are not very useful. I was carried on a silver platter—and then dumped into the garbage."[49]

New York City Edit

In 1965, a year after his parole expired, he relocated to New York, hoping to revive his career on the Broadway stage, but was unsuccessful.[50] He became part of Andy Warhol's Greenwich Village art community known as the Factory,[51] where he began focusing on his artistic talents.

He had previously been encouraged to do so by artist and poet Wallace Berman, whom he had befriended after joining Berman's art circle (now also known as Semina Culture) in Los Angeles in 1956. Some of his works were considered outstanding,[52][53] and a few of his surviving collages and cardboard mailers were temporarily exhibited in Los Angeles at the Santa Monica Museum of Art.[54][55]

In 1965, early in his tenure at the Factory, Driscoll gave his last known film performance, in experimental filmmaker Piero Heliczer's underground movie Dirt.[56]

Death Edit

On March 30, 1968, two boys playing in a deserted East Village tenement at 371 East 10th Street found Driscoll's body lying on a cot, with two empty beer bottles and religious pamphlets scattered on the ground. A post mortem examination determined that he had died from heart failure caused by advanced atherosclerosis[57] from his drug use. No identification was on the body, and photos shown around the neighborhood yielded no positive identification. His unclaimed body was buried in an unmarked pauper's grave in New York City's Potter's Field on Hart Island.[58][59]

Late in 1969, Driscoll's mother sought the help of officials at Disney studios to contact him, for a hoped-for reunion with his father, who was nearing death. This resulted in a fingerprint match at the New York City Police Department, which located his burial on Hart Island. Although his name appears on his father's gravestone at Eternal Hills Memorial Park in Oceanside, California, his remains are still on Hart Island. In connection with the re-release of Song of the South in 1971, reporters researching the whereabouts of the film's star first reported his death.[60][61][62]

Awards Edit

Driscoll receiving the Academy Juvenile Award from Donald O'Connor

Driscoll received an Academy Juvenile Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 22nd Academy Awards presentation in 1950. The award was presented as a special miniature Oscar statuette for "the outstanding juvenile actor of 1949" for his roles in So Dear to My Heart and The Window, both released that year.[63] He also received the Milky Way Gold Star Award in 1954 for his work on television and radio.[30]

For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Driscoll received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1560 Vine Street in 1960.[64]

Tributes Edit

In February 2009, singer-songwriter Benjy Ferree released Come Back to the Five and Dime Bobby Dee Bobby Dee, a concept album based in part on Driscoll's life.[65]

In September 2011, American singer-songwriter Tom Russell released the song "Farewell Never Neverland" on the album Mesabi, an elegy for Bobby Driscoll as Peter Pan.[66]

Selected filmography Edit

Film and television Edit

Year Title Role Notes
1943 Lost Angel Bobby, Boy on Train with Sucker Uncredited
1944 The Fighting Sullivans Al Sullivan as a child Uncredited
1944 Sunday Dinner for a Soldier Jeep Osborne
1944 The Big Bonanza Spud Kilton
1945 Identity Unknown Toddy Loring
1946 Miss Susie Slagle's Boy with Wounded Dog Uncredited
1946 From This Day Forward Billy Beesley
1946 So Goes My Love Percy Maxim Alternative title: A Genius in the Family
1946 O.S.S. Gerard
1946 Three Wise Fools Pixie Uncredited
1946 Song of the South Johnny
1948 If You Knew Susie Junior Uncredited
1948 Melody Time Himself
1949 So Dear to My Heart Jeremiah Kincaid Academy Juvenile Award for 1949
1949 The Window Tommy Woodry Academy Juvenile Award for 1949
1950 Treasure Island Jim Hawkins
1951 When I Grow Up Josh / Danny Reed
1951 Lux Video Theatre Billy Crandall Episode: "Tin Badge"
1952 Father's Lion Goofy Jr. Voice
1952 The Happy Time Robert "Bibi" Bonnard
1953 Peter Pan Peter Pan Voice and close-up model
1954 The Loretta Young Show Jim Episode: "Big Jim"
1955 The Scarlet Coat Ben Potter
1956 Crusader Josef Episode: "Fear"
1956 Climax! Gary Episode: "The Secret of River Lane"
1957 The Silent Service Fletcher Episode: "S01, E15, The Ordeal of the S-38"
1958 Frontier Justice Trumpeter Jones Episode: "Death Watch"
1958 The Party Crashers Josh Bickford
1958 The Millionaire Lew Conover Episode: "The Norman Conover Story"
1959 Trackdown Mike Hardesty Episode: "Blind Alley"
1959 Rawhide Will Mason Episode: "Incident of Fear in the Streets"
1960 The Brothers Brannagan Johnny Episode: "The Twisted Root"
1960 Rawhide Billy Chance S3:E9, "Incident of the Captive"
1965 Dirt (1965 film) Unknown Produced by Andy Warhol, (final film role)
2023 Once Upon a Studio Peter Pan (Archival Recordings) Driscoll’s Only Short Film

Stage Edit

Year Performance Role Dates
1954 The Boy With a Cart[67] The boy February 1954
1954 Ah, Wilderness![68] Richard Miller August 1954 (Pasadena Playhouse)
1957 Girls of Summer[69] unknown May 1957 (Players Ring Theatre)

Radio shows Edit

(This is not necessarily a complete list; it displays all those that could be located and verified.)

Year Show Role Dates/Notes
1946 Song of the South – Promo-Interview[70] Bobby Driscoll and Luana Patten, hosted by Johnny Mercer Aired in late 1946
1946 Song of the South – Promo-Interview[70] Bobby Driscoll, Luana Patten, Walt Disney and James Baskett, hosted by Johnny Mercer Aired in late 1946
1946 The Dennis Day Show (aka A Day in the Life of Dennis Day) – "The Boy Who Sang For A King" Cecil (a little carol-boy) Aired on December 25
1948 Family Theater – "As the Twig is Bent" Aired in February 1948
1948 Family Theatre – "The Future is Yours" Aired on February 19
1948 Family Theatre – "Jamie and the Promise" Aired on August 19
1948 Family Theater – "A Daddy for Christmas" Aired on December 15
1950 Family Theater – "Mahoney's Lucky Day" Aired on April 19 – hosted by himself
1950 Hallmark Playhouse – "Knee Pants" Aired on June 25
1950 Movietown Radio Theater – "The Throwback" Aired on July 6
1951 Lux Radio Theatre – "Treasure Island" Jim Hawkins Aired on January 29
1951 Cavalcade of America – "The Day They Gave Babies Away" Aired on December 25
1953 Family Theater – "The Courtship of John Dennis" Aired on April 8
1953 Lux Radio Theater – "Peter Pan" Peter Pan Aired on December 10
1955 Family Theater – "The Penalty" Aired on October 12
1956 Family Theatre – "Fair Exchange" Aired on September 19
1957 Family Theatre – "A Shot in the Dark" Aired on August 7

Recordings Edit

Year Performance Role Other notes
1946/47 "So Dear to My Heart" Jeremiah Kincaid Capitol Records (CDF 3000) – narrated by John Beal
1950 "Treasure Island" Jim Hawkins RCA Victor (Y-416) – narrated by Bobby Driscoll
1953 "Walt Disney's Peter Pan" Peter Pan RCA Victor (Y-486)
1964 "Treasure Island" Jim Hawkins Disneyland Records (DQ-1251) – condensed version of the original motion picture soundtrack – narrated by Dal McKennon

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Longden, Tom (January 6, 2005). "Driscoll, Bobby". Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  2. ^ Peregrine, Peggy (November 19, 1949). "Studio Round-Up meets Bobby Driscoll". Picturegoer. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  3. ^ Cini, Zelda (March 1977). "Hot-Rod Stage Shares Affections of Bobby Driscoll". Vol. 2, no. 4. Hollywood Studio Magazine. p. 12. Archived from the original on February 12, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2008.
  4. ^ "Lost Angel – Bobby's very first filmrole". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  5. ^ Schallert, Edwin (May 24, 1946). "So Goes My Love – Engaging Trumpery". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  6. ^ Smith & Clark 1999, p. 60.
  7. ^ Parsons, Luella (February 28, 1960). "That Little Girl in 'Song of the South' a Big Girl Now". Lincoln Sunday Journal and Star. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  8. ^ "Walt's "Sweetheart Team"". Lincoln Sunday Journal and Star. November 10, 1946. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  9. ^ "So Dear to My Heart – actual production dates". Retrieved October 17, 2008.
  10. ^ "Margaret Kerry – Official Homepage". Archived from the original on July 19, 2006. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  11. ^ "Melody Time". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  12. ^ "The Window – A Fansite". Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  13. ^ "The Window, "Depicting Terror of Boy in Fear of His Life..." The New York Times. August 8, 1949. p. 10. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
  14. ^ "Baby Oscar For Young Star". The Daily Courier, Conellesville (Pennsylvania). March 31, 1950. Retrieved September 2, 2008., "Winners Of Honors Named". The News, Frederick (Maryland). March 24, 1950. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  15. ^ "Oscar-Winners and Nominees of 1949". Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  16. ^ "British Court Upholds Bobby Driscoll Fine". unknown. October 1949. Retrieved September 2, 2008., Adamson, Joe (1984). Byron Haskin, interviewed by. Metuchen, N.Y. and London: The Directors Guild of America and The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 174–175. ISBN 0-8108-1740-3.
  17. ^ Adamson, Joe (1984). Byron Haskin – interviewed by ... Metuchen, N.Y. and London: The Directors Guild Of America and The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 174–175. ISBN 0-8108-1740-3.
  18. ^ Adamson, Joe (1984). Byron Haskin – interviewed by ... Metuchen, N.Y. and London: The Directors Guild Of America and The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 168. ISBN 0-8108-1740-3.
  19. ^ On June 7, 1950, the Los Angeles Times wrote: "Walt Disney would like to star Bobby Driscoll in Tom Sawyer, but David O. Selznick has the property tied up and heaven only knows what he wants for it.""Tom Sawyer". Los Angeles Times. June 7, 1950. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  20. ^ "Walt Disney Will Follow Up 'Treasure Island'". Los Angeles Times. January 18, 1950. Retrieved September 2, 2008.Schallert, Edwin (July 22, 1950). "Disney Again to Wed Cartoons, Live Action". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.Hopper, Hedda (February 21, 1951). "Robert Néwton to Portray Friar Tuck". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  21. ^ "Bobby Driscoll Says Farewell'". Film Illustrated Monthly (paragraph: "Watch Out For These"). November 1950. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
  22. ^ "Peter Pan – actual production data". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  23. ^ "Who is Roland Dupree? (Biography)". Archived from the original on August 30, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  24. ^ "Memorablia & Collectibles (signed production photographs with detailed captions". Tinker Bell Talks – Official Homepage of Margaret Kerry (Tinker Bell). Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  25. ^ Elliot, Marc (1993–1995). Walt Disney – Hollywood's Dark Prince – A Biography. London: André Deutsch Ltd., First (UK) Paperback edition. p. 203. ISBN 0-233-98961-7.
  26. ^ "$300-A-Week Smile – There Is a Film Santa". Syracuse Herald Journal. February 2, 1946. Retrieved September 2, 2008., "$400-A-Week". Reno Evening Gazette. February 14, 1947. Retrieved September 2, 2008., "New Contract For Boy Film Actor Approved". unknown. February 1949. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  27. ^ Berch Jamison, Barbara (April 1953). "The Dangerous Years". Motion Picture And Television Magazine. pp. 47, 84. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  28. ^ "A Tribute to Shirley Booth, paragraph: Dean Martin on Shirley Booth – Dean Martin recalling an encounter with Driscoll at a party in the mid-1950s, literally terming him ... that Disney kid actor ..." Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2008.
  29. ^ "Flower Classes Open Tomorrow". Los Angeles Times. January 11, 1948. Retrieved September 2, 2008., Hopper, Hedda (November 28, 1950). "Santa Claus Lane Parade". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008."Block-long Flag to Mark Dimes Parade". Los Angeles Times. January 18, 1952. Retrieved September 2, 2008."Back-To-School Show". Los Angeles Times. August 24, 1950. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  30. ^ a b "Radio-TV Youth Win Top Awards". Los Angeles Times. March 18, 1954. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  31. ^ Mosby, Aline (February 19, 1956). "Pupils In Hollywood School Drew More pay Than Their Teachers". The Coshocton Tribune (Ohio). Retrieved September 2, 2008.Mosby, Aline (February 18, 1956). "Strangest Grammar School In Nation Found In Hollywood". The Daily Courier, Cornellsville (Pennsylvania). Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  32. ^ "Hollywood Professional School". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  33. ^ Hollywood Professional School
  34. ^ "Hollywood Professional School". Seeing Stars. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  35. ^ Epstein, Barbara (July 1972). "The Lonely Death Of a Star". Movie Digest. p. 104. Archived from the original on September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  36. ^ "Driscoll Doing Well at 21". Bob Thomas, Valparaiso (Indiana). May 27, 1958. Retrieved September 22, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ Epstein, Barbara (July 1972). "The Lonely Death of a Star". Movie Digest. pp. 100–107. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  38. ^ "Bobby's graduation at Hollywood Professional School". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  39. ^ "The Long Road Back – Bobby Driscoll, a Film Star at 6, an Addict at 17, Sent to Chino". Los Angeles Times. October 19, 1961. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  40. ^ "Bobby Driscoll, Friend Denies Narcotic Charge – This Is No Act". Los Angeles Times. July 12, 1956. Retrieved September 2, 2008.Hopper, Hedda (July 24, 1956). "Serious Matter". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008."Actor Bobby Driscoll, 19, Seized On Dope Charge". Los Angeles Times. July 11, 1956. Retrieved September 2, 2008., "Narcotic Charge Dismissed". Reno Evening Gazette. July 17, 1956. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  41. ^ Hopper, Hedda (July 24, 1956). "Serious Matter". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  42. ^ "Actor Driscoll reveals To Plan To Rewed Girl, 19". Los Angeles Times. March 9, 1957. Retrieved September 22, 2016., "Actor Driscoll Needs Job As Clerk To Finance Marriage". Rhode Island: Newport Daily News. March 9, 1957. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  43. ^ "The Long Road back – Bobby Driscoll, a Film Star At 6, An Addict At 17, Sent To Chino". Los Angeles Times. October 19, 1961. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  44. ^ Thomas, Bob (May 27, 1958). "Hollywood ..." Violette Messenger, Valparaiso (Indiana). Archived from the original on October 9, 2018.
  45. ^ Driscoll, Bobby (November 30, 1951). "A personal Letter to his girl friend of then, which he closes with "Bob".)". The Park Sheraton Hotel, New York City. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  46. ^ Schlitz Playhouse of Stars at IMDb
  47. ^ Thomas, Bob (May 27, 1958). "Bobby Driscoll Hopes To Rebuild Film Life". Violette Messenger, Valparaiso (Indiana). Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2008., "Actors Seem More Intent, State Stars". Van Nuys News (California). August 21, 1958. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  48. ^ "Bobby Driscoll pleads guilty". Indiana Evening Gazette. October 19, 1960. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2008. "Ex-Child Actor Cleared in Court". Indiana Evening Gazette. October 24, 1960. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2008. "Bobby Driscoll Freed On Bail After Fracas". Los Angeles Times. June 19, 1960. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  49. ^ "Bobby Driscoll Won't Be Around For Reissue Of "Song Of The South" (last column)". Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1972. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
  50. ^ "His mother on his downslide". The Lonely Death Of A Star (on Movie Digest. July 1972. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  51. ^ "Bobby Driscoll sitting on a couch (on portfolio, page 38, third row – it's the last known photograph of him, ca. late) 1967". OvoWorks, New York City – Official Homepage. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  52. ^ "Semina Culture – Wallace Berman & His Circle". Umbrella Exhibition Catalogue, vol. 28, no.2-3. October 2005. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  53. ^ Cotter, Holland (January 26, 1972). "A Return Trip to a Faraway Place Called Underground". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  54. ^ "Santa Monica Museum Of Art – Official Homepage". Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  55. ^ Duncan, Michael; McKenna, Christine (2005). Semina Culture – Wallace Berman & His Circle. Los Angeles: Santa Monica Museum Of Art. pp. 132–135, 233.
  56. ^ "DIRT- Review and a downloadable clip of the so-called "Bath-sequence"". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  57. ^ "The cause of his death". Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  58. ^ "Hart Island (Potter's Field) – Official Homepage (controlled by the "Department Of Correction" and inaccessible to visitors)". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  59. ^ "The Hart Island Project". Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  60. ^ Beck, Marylin (July 14, 1971). "With Re-Release Of Disney Film – Child Star's Tragic Death Described". The Lima News (California). Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  61. ^ Larson, Donna (February 13, 1972). "Bobby Driscoll Won't Be Around For Reissue Of Song of the South". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  62. ^ Epstein, Barbara (July 1972). "The Lonely Death Of a Star". Movie Digest. pp. 98–107. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  63. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  64. ^ Bobby Driscoll – Hollywood Walk Of Fame
  65. ^ "Benjy Ferree – Come Back To The Five and Dime". Retrieved January 1, 2009. "Benjy Ferree Announces New Album, Channels Former Child Star Bobby Driscoll". Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
  66. ^ "Mesabi". Retrieved October 14, 2011.
  67. ^ "The Boy With a Cart 1953–54".
  68. ^ "Pasadena Playhouse – Ah, Wilderness!".
  69. ^ "Players Ring Theatre – Girl of Summer, 1957".
  70. ^ a b "Audio-Archive at". Retrieved December 11, 2011.

Literature (selected) Edit

  • Byron Haskin – interviewed by Joe Adamson, The Directors Guild Of America and The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Metuchen, N.Y. and London, 1984 ISBN 0-8108-1740-3 – pages 166–186 (on Treasure Island, 1950)
  • Natasha Fraser-Cavassoni, Sam Spiegel – The Incredible Life and Times of Hollywood's Most Iconoclastic Producer [...], 2003 Simon & Schuster, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Singapore, ISBN 0-684-83619-X – pages 119–20, 134, 143, 267, 361 (on When I Grow Up,1951)
  • Richard Fleischer, Just Tell Me When To Cry – a Memoir, 1993 Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., New York ISBN 0-88184-944-8 – pages 79–83, 103 (on The Happy Time, 1952)
  • Suzanne Gargiulo, Hans Conried – A Biography; with a Filmography and a Listing of Radio, Television, Stage and Voice Work, McFarland & Company Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, 2002 – pages 78–79 (on Peter Pan, 1953)
  • Michael Duncan and Christine McKenna, Semina Culture – Wallace Berman & His Circle, Santa Monica Museum Of Art, 2005 (on Driscoll's Artworks)
  • Marc Elliot, Walt Disney – Hollywood's Dark Prince – A Biography, 1993, 1994, Andre Deutsch (publisher) Ltd., First (UK) Paperback edition, London, 1995, ISBN 0-233-98961-7
  • Rudy Behlmer, Memo from David O. Selznick, The Viking Press, New York and Macmillan Company of Canada Ltd., 1972, ISBN unknown – pages 43n, 310, 431
  • Maltin, Leonard. The Disney Films. Crown Publishers Inc., New York, 1973. LOC No. 72-84292. ISBN unknown – pages 74, 76, 78, 83–85, 87–88, 97–100, 107
  • Mosley, Leonard. The Real Walt Disney. Grafton Books, 1986. ISBN 0-246-12439-3.
  • Smith, David; Clark, Steven (1999). Disney: The First 100 Years. Glendale, CA: Disney Editions. ISBN 978-0786864423.
  • Zanuck, Darryl F. and Rudy Behlmer, editor. Memo from Darryl F. Zanuck: The Golden Years at Twentieth Century-Fox. (1995) ISBN 0-8021-3332-0.
  • Holmstrom, John. The Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, pages 202–203.
  • David Dye, Child and Youth Actors: Filmography of Their Entire Careers, 1914–1985. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1988, pages 62–64.
  • Best, Marc. Those Endearing Young Charms: Child Performers of the Screen, South Brunswick and New York: Barnes & Co., 1971, pages 80–84.

External links Edit

  Media related to Bobby Driscoll at Wikimedia Commons