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Boac, officially the Municipality of Boac, is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Marinduque, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,730 people.[3]

Municipality of Boac
Boac Business District view from Gov. D. Reyes Street
Boac Business District view from Gov. D. Reyes Street
Official seal of Boac
Monserrat de Marinduque, The Heritage Town of MIMAROPA
Service to God and People
Map of Marinduque with Boac highlighted
Map of Marinduque with Boac highlighted
Boac is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°27′N 121°50′E / 13.45°N 121.83°E / 13.45; 121.83Coordinates: 13°27′N 121°50′E / 13.45°N 121.83°E / 13.45; 121.83
Country Philippines
RegionMimaropa (Region IV-B)
DistrictLone district of Marinduque
FoundedDecember 8, 1622
Barangays61 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorArmi D. Carrion (Independent)
 • Vice MayorSonny L. Paglinawan (PDP-Laban)
 • CongressmanLord Allan Jay Q. Velasco
 • Electorate30,619 voters (2016)
 • Total212.70 km2 (82.12 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total54,730
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Climate typetropical climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)151.8 million  (2016)
Native languagesTagalog

Boac is home to most of the province's commercial businesses.[citation needed] Barangays San Miguel, Murallon, and Mercado are the town's business district where the public market, medium-rise buildings, sports arena and Boac Town Arena, now Moriones Arena are. Meanwhile, Barangay Isok is home to the town's education district. Marinduque National High School, St. Mary's College of Marinduque, Don Luis Hidalgo Memorial School, Barangay Day Care Centers, Boac North District Office and the Division of Marinduque DepED Office is in Barangay Isok. The Municipal Building Hall is at Brgy. Tampus, adjacent is the Marinduque Museum at Brgy. Malusak.

The Marinduque Provincial Capitol is in Barangay Santol near the Dr. Damian Reyes Memorial Hospital (formerly Marinduque Provincial Hospital) and Camp Maximo Abad.[citation needed]



Boac River in Barangay Tumapon

The name Boac is derived from the Visayan word bi-ak, which means "divided". The town had been divided into two by a river running from the eastern hinterland to the western plains down to the sea. The two were the Northern and the Southern areas.[4]

Other records says that Boac came from the word "bulwak", which characterizes the tide caused by the rapids of the Boac River to its mouth in Brgy. Lupac and to the banks around the riverside barrios.


The first "visita" was established in 1580 and it was called "Monserrat de Marinduque" (now Boac) with Fray Alonzo Banol as its minister.

In 1621, the Spanish Jesuit missionaries brought the three-foot Marian image to Boac. So began the people's devotion to the image of the Virgin Mary.

In the mid-17th century, a group of Muslims in the Philippines called the Moro people felt threatened by the actions of the ruling Spanish government. They challenged the government by launching attacks on coastal Christian towns. This resulted in a raid along the shores of Barangay Laylay, near the Boac River.[5]

During the siege, the neighbourhood people fled in panic and took refuge in the fortress church of Boac, which is now called Immaculate Conception Cathedral. In the meantime, all able-bodied men defended the outer walls of the church fortress against the attacks. Many Christians were killed and, by the third day of violence, those alive began to run short on food. The capture of the fortress seemed imminent.

The survivors prayed fervently at the throne of Mary, asking her to deliver them from their enemies. Legend says that suddenly there came a very strong storm, with torrential rain, thunder and lightning. At the very height of the storm, it is reported that the image of a beautiful lady with outstretched arms appeared standing on the top of the wall. Terror seized the Moros and they fled in confusion to their vinta boats. Thus, the Christians were saved from death by Mary.[5]

Ever since this incident, the image of Mary has been honoured and given the title "Biglang Awa." To commemorate the miracle, a stone niche was built on the wall at the spot where Mary appeared. The old image brought by the Jesuits in Boac was placed there. There is a shrine at this location today.

In 1942, Boac was occupied by Japanese troops. In 1945, the Battle of Marinduque began and the American-Philippine Commonwealth troops landed in Boac after the war was built of the general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary from 1945 to 1946 station in this municipality.

The Provincial Government of Marinduque under Gov. Carmencita O. Reyes built a larger-than-life-size image of the Our Lady of Biglang Awa in cement and placed in the seashore in Balanacan Port to welcome travelers to the island.[5]

On May 10, 2008, the Diocese of Boac celebrated the 13th anniversary and the golden anniversary of the canonical coronation of Mahal na Birhen ng Biglang-Awa (1958–2008). Cebu Archbishop-Cardinal Ricardo Vidal of Mogpog, Marinduque, officiated at the consecrated mass.


Boac is the third largest of the six municipalities of the province of Marinduque, after Santa Cruz and Torrijos. It borders all the municipalities of the province: Mogpog to the north, Santa Cruz to the Northeast, Torrijos to the East, Buenavista to the South and Gasan to the South Southwest.

The municipality is generally hilly, rugged and mountainous in the south and eastern part with thin strips of flat and farm lands and long shoreline in the west. The longest and largest river, Boac River, which gets its source in the mountainous forest in the extreme southwest and spills off to the northern shore of Boac, divides the municipality into two geographical areas: north and south.

The closest town-to-town reference to Boac is the municipality of Mogpog which is approximately 5 kilometers. Boac is connected to Mogpog and Gasan by the Marinduque Circumferential Highway or the Pan-Marinduque Highway. Two bridges connect the north and south area of the municipality: the narrow Tabi Bridge which connects Brgy. Tabi and Brgy. San Miguel and the said-to-be the longest bridge in the province, Biglang Awa Bridge (186m), which connects Brgy. Tampus and Brgy. Bantad. A narrow minor road connects Boac and Mogpog via Buliasnin-Nangka Road, and Boac and Gasan via Duyay-Tapuyan Trail. Boac has a total road network of 117.61 kilometers.

Geopolitically, Boac is divided into six zones: Poblacion, Riverside, Ilaya I, Ilaya II, Seaside A and Seaside B. Boac's geographical center is roughly located between the border of Brgy. Binunga and Brgy. Can-at.


Boac is politically subdivided into 61 barangays (administrative divisions):[2]

Barangays Population
(2010 census)
Pop. density
(per km2)
Agot 572 1.96 292
Agumaymayan 538 4.42 122
Amoingon 1,499 2.46 610
Apitong 422 1.60 264
Balagasan 891 1.31 680
Balaring 583 2.82 207
Balogo 1,486 1.37 1,085
Bamban 549 2.21 248
Bangbangalon 1,372 1.89 726
Bantad 1,272 2.21 576
Bantay 1,781 3.35 532
Bayuti 235 3.03 78
Binunga 249 4.50 55
Boi 696 6.05 115
Boton 291 1.14 255
Buliasnin 1,488 1.63 913
Bunganay 1,786 1.97 907
Caganhao 1,11 4.09 272
Canat 649 6.63 98
Catubugan 731 3.77 194
Cawit 2,491 3.11 801
Daig 552 0.73 756
Daypay 396 2.62 151
Duyay 1,848 10.15 182
Hinapulan 625 20.48 31
Ihatub 1,201 4.50 267
Isok 1 (Poblacion) 1,113 0.44 2,530
Isok 2 (Poblacion) 586 0.50 1,172
Laylay 2,622 2.12 1,237
Lupac 1,756 1.36 1,291
Mahinhin 613 20.23 30
Mainit 924 4.590 201
Malbog 588 1.31 449
Maligaya 831 0.98 848
Malusak (Poblacion) 305 0.08 3,813
Mansiwat 437 2.53 173
Mataas na Bayan (Poblacion) 614 0.08 7,675
Maybo 1,134 8.36 136
Mercado (Poblacion) 1,400 0.22 6,364
Murallon (Poblacion) 447 0.13 3,438
Ogbac 437 3.60 121
Pawa 776 2.30 337
Pili 435 0.78 558
Poctoy 370 0.90 411
Poras 1,087 0.81 1,342
Putting Buhangin 593 5.49 108
Puyog 1,074 3.52 305
Sabong 211 6.06 35
San Miguel (Poblacion) 187 0.03 6,233
Santol 1,606 1.31 1,266
Sawi 888 0.98 906
Tabi 1,357 0.73 1,859
Tabigue 891 2.38 374
Tagwak 428 0.78 549
Tambunan 686 5.73 120
Tampus (Poblacion) 1,272 0.58 2,193
Tanza 1,524 1.89 806
Tugos 1,864 8.36 223
Tumagabok 367 19.67 19
Tumapon 140 0.40 350


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 15,823—    
1918 17,656+0.73%
1939 20,977+0.82%
1948 19,687−0.70%
1960 26,712+2.58%
1970 32,402+1.95%
1975 35,649+1.93%
1980 37,005+0.75%
1990 41,034+1.04%
1995 44,609+1.58%
2000 48,504+1.81%
2007 50,823+0.65%
2010 52,892+1.46%
2015 54,730+0.65%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Boac, Marinduque, was 54,730 people,[3] with a density of 260 inhabitants per square kilometre or 670 inhabitants per square mile.

Boac's most densely populated areas are the Northwest, Poblacion area and Southwest. Eastern barangays are generally sparsely populated.

Approximately 70% of the population lives along the national highways or at least 5 kilometers away from the national road. Furthermore, approximately 5% of the total population lives in the town proper and 10% lives in the sub-urban barangays.

Religious institutionsEdit

  • The Roman Catholic Church (Boac Cathedral (Poblacion))
  • Iglesia ni Cristo (Pob., Brgy. Caganhao)
  • Assemblies of God (Brgy. Tampus (Poblacion), Brgy. Duyay, Brgy. Puyog, Brgy. Agot)
  • IRM Church (Poblacion)
  • Jesus the Lord of Lords Church (Brgy. Cawit)
  • Boac UNIDA Church (Poblacion)
  • Boac Gospel Church (Poblacion)
  • Baptist Churches
  • Mary Help of Christians Parish- Brgy. Balimbing; established in 1953
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish- Brgy. Poras; established in 1995
  • St. Raphael the Archangel Parish- Brgy. Cawit; the first and oldest barangay parish in Marinduque established in 1940


In the centre of town, the Boac Public Market is one of the town's landmarks. Vendors sell dry and wet products in four air-conditioned buildings. Transport terminals near the market carry goods to other barangays. It is considered to be the mini-supermarket of the province.

Boac Business District view from Mercader Street

The poblacion area is called as Boac Central Business District (BCBD). The newly constructed two-floor Town Market with about 100 stores is in the heart of the poblacion.

Local fast food chains and restaurants include GoodChow Food Express, La Concha Restaurant, Kusina sa Plaza and many more.

Several convenience and grocery stores includes CASHypermart, New Era, Jinang-Tan, Centro Market. Puregold Boac (Marinduque) Branch was scheduled to open in November 2015.

Tourist attractionsEdit

  • Kabugsakan Falls in Brgy. Tugos
  • Tahanan sa Isok in Brgy. Isok
  • Villa Aplaya Beach Resort in Brgy. Ihatub
  • Long beach shores from Maligaya to Cawit, mostly free
  • Boac Town Plaza, located in Brgy. San Miguel, is where most major gatherings and festivals are held.
  • The Boac Museum, beside the Boac Town Plaza and Rizal Park, is home to a collection of facts and information about the Island.
  • The Boac Cathedral is Marinduque's central cathedral. In Brgy. Mataas na Bayan, it is a historical church where the Katipunan Flag is said to have been baptized. Our Lady of Immaculate Conception is the patron saint of Boac, while Birhen ng Biglang-Awa is the patroness of the province.
  • In Brgy. San Miguel, the Boac Town Arena is where the famous senakulo (a part of the celebration of Moriones Festival) is held.
  • Casa Real is a small museum, in the former site of Rizal Park in Brgy. San Miguel.
  • Freedom Park in Bunganay, Boac is the main eco-tourism theme park in the municipality with team building activities, zipline, etc.
  • Laylay Port is a historical landmark in the municipality where the Japanese and American troops landed. It was once a commercial port where goods and products from other places embarked.

Local heritage markersEdit

  • Simbahan ng Boac - Installed at the Boac Cathedral, 1982.
  • Padre Diego de Saura Marker - Installed at the Saura Shrine.
  • Liwasan ng kalayaan - Installed at the park of the same name, December 6, 1975.
  • Museo at Aklatan ng Boac - Installed at the Old Spanish Building, November 30, 1987/July 30, 2002.
  • Maharlikang Tahanan ni Kapitan Piroko - Installed at the Lardizabal Ancestral home, February 23, 1973.
  • Labanan sa Paye - Installed at the battle site, barangay Balimbing, July 31, 1986.
  • Salvador del Mundo - Installed at the Pilar H. Lim Park, 1982.
  • Pilar Hidalgo Lim - Installed at the Pilar H. Lim park, 1982.
  • Boac Municipal Building - Installed at the municipal building, 1982.
  • Boac Waterworks System - Installed at the Daig Chlorination tank, 1954.
  • Marinduque National High School Centennial Marker, 2014

Historical markersEdit

  • Site of Labanan sa Paye in Barangay Balimbing, Boac, Marinduque, the site of encounter between Filipino Revolutionary Forces and American soldiers during the Filipino-American War.
  • Liwasang Kalayaan at Barangay Malusak, where Revolutionary heroes led by Hermenegildo Flores and Remigio Medina were massacred by Spanish soldiers on October 10, 1897 and November 1, 1897.
  • Old Catholic Cemetery in Barangay Tampus, where in a common grave, remains of the victims of the October 10 and November 1, 1897 massacres were buried.
  • Liwasan ng mga Nagtanggol sa Inang Bayan, the lower park in front of the municipal building which is hereby dedicated to perpetuate the heroism and patriotism of all heroes, heroines and veterans of World War II.
  • Liwasang Pilar Hidalgo Lim, the upper park in front of the municipal building dedicated in memory and honor of Dr. Pilar Hidalgo Lim through Sangguniang Bayan Resolution No. 53-74 dated August 2, 1974.

Native CuisineEdit

  • Panganan rice cookies
  • Bibingkang lalaki
  • Marinaya pasta noodles made from squash
  • Sinulbot caramelized banana slices
  • panganan type of product make in galapong and in arrow rot who build by diego family


  • The Annual Moriones Festival is held in Boac and surrounding areas of Marinduque Island during the Lenten season. This holy celebration is famed as one of the most colorful festivities in Marinduque and the Philippines.
  • The Feast of the Immaculate Conception is celebrated every December 8.
  • The Annual Bila-Bila (Butterfly) Festival is held on the Fest of the Immaculate Concepcion. It is composed of a festive competition between zones (purok) which includes the Poblacion, Riverside, Ilaya I, Ilaya II, and Seaside Zones. The municipal government of the capital town of Boac enshrined the butterfly in a municipal ordinance entitled "Tree Farming and Butterfly Propagation Ordinance of 2002."
  • Bulating Rites in Brgy. Malbog, a similar practice to Quezon's Boling-boling Festival is said to have been started by one family in earlier years. It revived in 2001, as part of the municipality’s tourism program. Called "Bulating" the practice is said to be an act of humility before God and/or another form of thanksgiving.


Laylay Port
  • Bus - linking Kamias in Quezon City and Makati City to Boac via RO-RO ferry.
  • Jeepneys - connecting to different municipalities of the county.
  • Tricycle - serving all barangays.

Biglang-Awa Bridge is the longest bridge in the province, connecting Brgy. Tampus to Brgy. Bantad. Many people stand on the bridge to watch the sun set and to get a good view of the Boac Cathedral.

Medical and health facilitiesEdit

  • Dr. Pablo N. Marquez Health and Diagnostic Center is at Brgy. Isok 1 (Poblacion)
  • RHU Bantay is at Brgy. Bantay which serves areas in the Ilaya District
  • Dr. Damian Reyes Memorial Hospital (formerly the Marinduque Provincial Hospital) is at Barangay Santol

Educational institutionsEdit


  • Educational Systems Technological Institute - Murallon
  • Marinduque State College - Main Campus (Tanza) also formerly known as Marinduque Institute of Science and Technology and Marinduque School of Arts and Trades
  • St. Mary's College of Marinduque - (Ermita, Isok) also formerly known as Immaculate Conception College of Marinduque and Immaculate Conception Academy of Marinduque


  • Marinduque State College - Main Campus (Tanza) also formerly known as Marinduque Institute of Science and Technology and Marinduque School of Arts and Trades. It has revived its high school campus on 2012 and had been known as MSC Laboratory High School.
  • Cawit National Comprehensive High School
  • Educational Systems Technological Institute - High School Department
  • Ilaya National High School
  • Marinduque National High School - the main school in Marinduque province. This institution once was used as a camp for Japanese, American, and Filipino armies during World War II.
  • Saint Mary's College formerly Immaculate Conception College of Marinduque - High School Department.


  • Agot Elementary School
  • Agumaymayan Elementary School
  • Amoingon Elementary School
  • Balagasan Elementary School
  • Balaring-Caganhao Elementary School
  • Balimbing Elementary School
  • Bamban Elementary School
  • Bangbangalon Elementary School
  • Bantauyan Public School
  • Bantay Elementary School
  • Binunga Elementary School
  • Boac South Central School
  • Boi Public School
  • Buliasnin Elementary School
  • Buliasnin Elementary School
  • Canat Elementary School
  • Catubugan Elementary School
  • Cawit Elementary School
  • Don Luis Hidalgo Memorial School, also known as Boac North Central School I & II- it is the premiere elementary in the municipality. Situated in the poblacion area and has about 1,500 students. It offers Science Curriculum for the grade school, and operates a Montesorri school and HeadStart school program for nursery and kindergarten.
  • Don Severino Lardizabal Memorial School
  • Duyay Elementary School
  • ESTI - Grade school department
  • Hinapulan Elementary School
  • Lord of Lords Christian School (Brgy. Cawit)
  • Lupac-Tabigue Elementary School
  • Mabuhay Primary School
  • Mahinhin Elementary School
  • Mainit Elementary School
  • Maligaya Elementary School
  • Mansiwat Public School
  • Maybo Elementary School
  • Pawa Elementary School
  • Pili Elementary School
  • Poctoy Elementary School
  • Poras Elementary School
  • Puting Buhangin Public School
  • Puyog Elementary School
  • Sawi Elementary School
  • St. Mary's College of Marinduque - Grade school department
  • Tambunan Elementary School
  • Tanza Elementary School
  • Tugos Elementary School
  • Tumagabok Elementary School

Famous PeopleEdit

  • Paz Latorena (January 17, 1908 – October 19, 1953), one of the foremost writers of the first generation of Filipino English writers, in both literary writing and education was a poet, editor, author, and teacher.
  • Ricardo Paras (February 17, 1891 - October 10, 1984) was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from April 2, 1951 until February 17, 1961.
  • Ricardo Nepomuceno (July 1, 1949 - July 25, 1950) was the Secretary of the Justice department during the Quirino Administration in the Third Republic
  • Don Luis Hidalgo (June 21, 1855-Died July 1, 1928) A Batangueno philanthropist who lived most of his life in Boac. He donated the land for the present Don Luis Hidalgo Memorial School
  • Myrna Montealegre - Torres, An educator who was born and raised in Mataas na Bayan, Boac. A co- founder / owner of St. James College System -(1971–present ) Q.C., Paranaque & Calamba. Married to then Don Jaime T. Torres from Tigbauan, Iloilo. She became a three - term mayor in Tigbauan (1998- 2006).
  • Hayden Kho- from San Miguel, Boac. He is a celebrity and doctor.
  • Gretchen Malalad- from Tugos, Boac. She is a Filipina 2005 Southeast Asian Games karate gold medalist and a former beauty pageant contestant in Binibining Pilipinas 2002 where she emerged Ms. Talent and Ms. Red Bull Supreme. She was also a housemate in Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition.
  • Zaijian Jaranilla- is a Filipino child actor best known for his role as the orphan Santino in the 2009 teleserye, May Bukas Pa. Zaijian was also a cast member in the children's sketch comedy show Goin' Bulilit.
  • Pilar Hidalgo-Lim- was a Filipino educator and civic leader. She was married to Brig. General Vicente Lim, World War II hero.
  • Celso Mirafuente- He was the founder of the first organized Boy Scout's unit in the country before the Philippine Council BSA was formed in 1923.He was just 16 years old when he founded it.

Twin towns/citiesEdit


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Marinduque". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "LGU Profile". Municipality of Boac. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  5. ^ a b c, Biglang Awa of Boac marks golden jubilee Archived May 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Marinduque". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit