Bloudkova velikanka

Bloudkova velikanka (English: Bloudek Giant), also Bloudek-Rožmanova velikanka, is a large ski jumping hill in Planica, Slovenia, originally opened in 1934. In 2001 the hill collapsed and was completely rebuilt in 2012. Next to the large hill, they also built a brand new normal hill to replace the old demolished one. A total of ten world records were set at the venue in the 1930s and 1940s.

Bloudkova velikanka
Bloudkova velikanka.jpg
Bloudkova velikanka in 2014
Constructor(s)Ivan Rožman (original)
Stanko Bloudek (developer)
Klemen Kobal (new hill)
LocationPlanica, Slovenia
OperatorZŠRS Planica
Opened4 February 1934 (original)
14 October 2012 (new hill)
Size
K–point125 metres (410 ft)
Hill size138 metres (453 ft)
Longest jump
(unofficial / fall)
149 metres (489 ft)
Anže Lanišek
Hill recordNew hill:
142 metres (466 ft)
Peter Prevc
Old hill:
147.5 metres (484 ft)
Noriaki Kasai
Top events
World Cup1980–1984, 1986, 1988–1990, 1992–1993, 1995, 1998, 2014

The hill was originally constructed by Ivan Rožman, and was named after Stanko Bloudek. It was later renamed to Bloudek-Rožmanova velikanka in honour of Rožman. A year after opening, Bloudek became the main constructor, improving the hill until his death. In 1936, Josef Bradl became the first man in history to jump over 100 metres (330 ft).

HistoryEdit

Ski jumping in Planica began to develop when the village of Rateče received railway connections.[citation needed] The first K20 hill was built in 1930, located in the middle of the Planica-Rateče road, with some remains still visible today.[1][2]

On 20 December 1931, the ski resort Dom Ilirija (now Dom Planica) opened at the initiative of Joso Gorec, who was at the time the General Secretary of the Yugoslav Winter Sports Association and a member of the Ilirija Ski Club Ljubljana.[3] Next to the hotel, a swimming pool and tennis courts were built,[3] as Gorec had a vision that Planica would become a modern nordic ski resort in the future.[4][5]

1932–1934: Construction and openingEdit

In 1932, Joso Gorec asked constructor Stanko Bloudek to construct a large hill, so he drew plans for the K80 hill, which was the largest size allowed by the International Ski Federation at the time.[6] Bloudek found a suitable location and did a geodetic survey, started the construction, but soon ran out of money. Ivan Rožman, the owner of a construction company, immediately stepped in and drew plans for the K90 hill. Gorec decided to rather build a larger hill using Rožman's plans instead of Bloudek's plans, who was then left out.[7]

In 1933, construction began and was completed in only two months, from October to December. Problems arose before construction started as local farmers from the Rateče area did not want to sell the land, but they eventually changed their minds and sold it.[citation needed]

On 4 February 1934,[8] Bloudkova velikanka, constructed by Ivan Rožman, was officially opened with the Kingdom of Yugoslavia National Championships in front of 2,500 people.[citation needed] Franc Palme won the competition with 55 and 60 m (180 and 197 ft) and set the first two hill records and the national record at the same time.[3]

On 25 March 1934, the first international competition was organised where Birger Ruud won the event in front of 4,000 people and also set the first world record in Planica with 92 metres (302 ft).[9][10] There were also three invalid world record distances with touches or crashes: Birger Ruud at 87 metres (285 ft), Gregor Höll at 89 metres (292 ft), and Sigmund Ruud at 95 metres (312 ft).[11]

1935–1941: Hill expansion, naming arguments and world recordsEdit

Bloudek returned to Planica and took control over the hill as a constructor/developer until his death in 1959.[3] He constructed a new and larger K106 hill. The same year Rožman stepped out as an engineer in Planica.[3] They argued over who was the original constructor and why the hill was not named after him. Rožman blamed Joso Gorec, who named the hill after his friend Bloudek, although Rožman was the original constructor. For years, there was a public misconception that Bloudek was the original hill constructor. Years later, the hill was renamed to Bloudek-Rožmanova velikanka.[citation needed]

On 17 March 1935 there was an international competition with over 12,000 visitors. During the competition, the world record was set by Stanisław Marusarz (95 metres) and Reidar Andersen (93 and 99 metres).[12][13][14][15]

On 15 March 1936, Josef Bradl became the first man in history to have officially jumped over 100 metres, landing at 101.5 metres (333 ft). The distance had to be displayed as 101 metres on the scoreboard due to lack of space.[7][16][17] Two years later, Josef Bradl won the Ski Flying Study competition with another world record at 107 metres (351 ft) with minor hill improvements.[18][19]

On 2 March 1941, the last Ski Flying Study competition before the World War II outbreak in Yugoslavia was held, with 15,000 spectators in attendance.[citation needed]

After two scheduled rounds and Rudi Gering's world record distance at 108 metres (354 ft), the organizers wished to end the event due to safety concerns, but it continued on Germany's request. The fourth and final round had a series of long jumps: Heinz Palme reached 109 metres (358 ft), but a ground touch invalidated his world record distance. Then Gering set the world record at 118 metres (387 ft), winning the official afternoon competition. Right after him the rest jumped in that order: Hans Lahr (111 metres), Paul Krauß (112 m), and Franz Mair (109 m with fall).[20][21][22]

 
Old hill in 1963

1947–2001: The last hill world record, World Cup, and collapseEdit

On 24 March 1947, the first post-war competition was held. The winner of the Ski Flying Week was Rudi Finžgar, who also set a new national record of 102 metres (335 ft) during training.[23][24]

Between 14 and 17 March 1948, there was a four-day international ski flying week competition in front of a total 20,000 spectators. Fritz Tschannen won the competition, and also set the last world record on the hill at 120 metres (390 ft). There were also two world record distance crashes by Janez Polda (120 metres) and Charles Blum (121 metres).[25][26]

In 1954, the hill was renovated as a new concrete judge tower was built.[3] In addition, the hill was expanded, received a new profile, and was reopened and back in use for the Planica's Ski Flying week in March 1954.[3]

In 1980, Bloudkova velikanka hosted the first FIS Ski Jumping World Cup event. The hill became a standard and regular host of World Cup events until 1998. Since 1998, all Planica events were held on the ski flying hill (Letalnica bratov Gorišek).

 
Reconstructed hill in 2014

The hill was in use until 16 December 2001, when the upper part of the concrete foundation collapsed during snowmaking.[3][27] In the same year, the last international competition on the old hill was held. For many years after the collapse of the hill, there were plans to rebuild it.[28] A decade later, in July 2011, they demolished the inrun, the judge tower and the television tower,[3] but left the "German tower" which is part of the Slovenian culture heritage.[29] The last construction point of the old hill was at K130 and the last hill size at HS140.

2011–present: ReconstructionEdit

In July 2011, the Slovenian government and the Planica Nordic Centre signed a contract for the complete renovation of the hill, worth €6.2 million.[30] At the same location where the original large hill was standing, which is also part of the Slovenian culture heritage, they rebuilt the hill at the hill size of 139 metres with a new profile, inrun, and judge and television towers.[31] Right next to the large hill they built a new normal hill with the hill size of 104 metres. Both hills were designed by Slovenian architects Matej Blenkuš, Miloš Florijančič and Klemen Kobal.[31] The hills were opened on 14 October 2012 with the national championships.[32]

The first person who jumped on the new HS139 hill was Aleš Hlebanja.[32] He received this honour because his grandmother was the first to sell a private property around the hill, which was needed for the construction of the Planica Nordic Centre.[33] Primož Peterka was honoured with an inaugural jump on the new HS104 hill.[32] In 2014, Bloudkova velikanka hosted the World Cup event for the first time since 1998, because the main ski flying hill was closed at the time due to major renovations.[34]

EventsEdit

Men'sEdit

Year Date Hillsize Event Winner Second Third
1934 4 February   K90 OP   Franc Palme   Bogo Šramel   Gregor Klančnik
25 March   K90 INT   Birger Ruud   Sigmund Ruud   Gregor Höll
1935 17 March   K106 INT   Stanisław Marusarz   Antonín Bartoň   Marcel Reymond
1936 15 March   K106 INT   Josef Bradl   Gregor Höll   Rudolf Rieger
1938 16 March   K106 SFS   Josef Bradl   Hans Wiedemann   Walter Delle Karth
1940 10 March   K120 SFS   Gregor Höll   Josef Bradl   Gustl Berauer
1941 2 March   K120 SFS   Rudi Gering   Paul Krauß   Hans Lahr
1947 24 March   K120 SFS   Rudi Finžgar   Charles Blum   Fritz Tschannen
1948 17 March   K120 ISFW   Fritz Tschannen   Hans Zurbriggen   Charles Blum
1950 15–17 March   K120 ISFS   Janez Polda   Rudi Finžgar   Sverre Kronvold
19 March   K120 EXH   Rudi Finžgar   Slattsveen   Janez Polda
1954 13–14 March   K120 ISFW   Ossi Laaksonen   Jack Alfredsen   Hemmo Silvennoinen
1957 9–10 March   K125 ISFW   Helmut Recknagel   Eino Kirjonen   Pekka Tirkkonen
1960 26–27 March   K120 ISFW   Helmut Recknagel   Arne Larsen   Raimo Vitikainen
1963 22–24 March   K120 KOP   Dieter Bokeloh   Dietmar Klemm   Veit Kührt
1966 25–27 March   K120 ISFW   Jiří Raška   Mihail Veretennikov   Dieter Neuendorf
1968 24 March   K120 JPM.3   Jiří Raška   Josef Matouš   Willi Schuster
1973 25 March   K120 JPM.6   Walter Steiner   Heinz Wosipiwo   Josef Matouš
1975 12 April   K120 KCUP   Toni Innauer   Rudi Wanner   Janez Loštrek
13 April   K120 JPM.7   Willi Pürstl   Bogdan Norčič   Rudi Wanner
1976 20 March   K120 KCUP   Hans Wallner   Bogdan Norčič   Peter Leitner
21 March   K120 JPM.8 interrupted; weather conditions
1978 19 March   K120 JPM.9   Reinhold Bachler   Bogdan Norčič   Marko Mlakar
1980 22 March   K120 WC   Hubert Neuper   Armin Kogler   Hans Millonig
1981 22 March   K120 WC   Dag Holmen-Jensen   Armin Kogler   Alfred Groyer
1982 28 March   K120 WC   Ole Bremseth   Hubert Neuper   Massimo Rigoni
1983 27 March   K120 WC   Primož Ulaga   Horst Bulau   Richard Schallert
1984 25 March   K120 WC   Pavel Ploc   Vegard Opaas   Piotr Fijas
1986 23 March   K120 WC   Ernst Vettori   Andreas Felder   Matti Nykänen
1988 27 March   K120 WC   Primož Ulaga   Rajko Lotrič   Didier Mollard
1989 26 March   K120 WC   Jens Weißflog   Kent Johanssen   Andreas Felder
1990 24 March   K120 WC   Roberto Cecon   Ari-Pekka Nikkola   Jens Weißflog
25 March   K120 WC   Ari-Pekka Nikkola   Dieter Thoma   Primož Ulaga
1992 28 March   K120 WC
Team event
  Austria   Germany   Finland
29 March   K120 WC   Andreas Felder   Heinz Kuttin   Toni Nieminen
1993 27 March   K120 WC
Team event
  Japan   Norway   Slovenia
28 March   K120 WC   Espen Bredesen   Andreas Felder   Christof Duffner
12 December   K120 WC   Jens Weißflog   Andreas Goldberger   Espen Bredesen
1995 9 December   K120 WC
Team event
  Finland   Japan   Norway
10 December   K120 WC   Mika Laitinen   Roar Ljøkelsøy   Janne Ahonen
1996 24 March   K120 EXH   Primož Peterka   Andreas Goldberger   Samo Gostiša
1998 21 March   K120 WC   Kazuyoshi Funaki   Primož Peterka   Hiroya Saito
22 March   K120 WC   Noriaki Kasai   Hiroya Saito   Martin Höllwarth
2014 21 March   HS139 WC   Severin Freund   Anders Bardal   Peter Prevc
22 March   HS139 WC
Team event
  Austria   Poland   Norway
23 March   HS139 WC   Peter Prevc   Severin Freund   Anders Bardal

Women'sEdit

Year Date Hillsize Event Winner Second Third
2014 22 March   HS139 WC   Sara Takanashi   Yuki Ito   Julia Clair

List of world recordsEdit

A total of ten official world records have been set at the hill.[22][35]

No. Date Athlete Length
#36 25 March 1934   Birger Ruud 92 metres (302 ft)
#37 14 March 1935   Reidar Andersen 93 metres (305 ft)
#38 15 March 1935   Stanisław Marusarz 95 metres (312 ft)
#39 15 March 1935   Reidar Andersen 99 metres (325 ft)
#40 15 March 1935   Reidar Andersen 99 metres (325 ft)
#42 15 March 1936   Josef Bradl 101.5 metres (333 ft)
#43 15 March 1938   Josef Bradl 107 metres (351 ft)
#44 2 March 1941   Rudi Gering 108 metres (354 ft)
#45 2 March 1941   Rudi Gering 118 metres (387 ft)
#46 15 March 1948   Fritz Tschannen 120 metres (390 ft)

Srednja skakalnica (HS102)Edit

Srednja skakalnica
Constructor(s)Klemen Kobal
Opened14 October 2012
Size
K–point95 metres (312 ft)
Hill size102 metres (335 ft)
Hill record109 metres (358 ft) (Summer)
106 metres (348 ft) (Winter)

Srednja skakalnica (literally "Normal hill") is a HS102 normal hill built in 2012 next to Bloudkova velikanka, to replace the old Srednja Bloudkova K90 hill (1949–2011) that was located 100 metres away. It is simply called "Normal hill" because the axis and name of Bloudkova velikanka are protected as monuments and cannot be modified or used in other objects.[36]

The hill was built as an accompanying facility mainly for the organization of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, for which Planica ran several times.

Women's eventsEdit

Year Date Hillsize Event Winner Second Third
2014 25 January   HS104 WC   Daniela Iraschko-Stolz   Sara Takanashi   Carina Vogt
26 January   HS104 WC   Daniela Iraschko-Stolz   Sara Takanashi   Carina Vogt

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Teran Košir, Alenka; Mavrič, Petra (15 March 2018). "Dogodki, ljudje in stvari, ki so zaznamovali Planico" (in Slovenian). Siol. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  2. ^ "K25, Rateče". skisprungschanzen.com. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Planica od skromnih začetkov do doline skakalnih rekordov (kronologija)" (in Slovenian). Slovenian Press Agency. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Smučarsko slavje pod Jalovcem". Jutro (in Slovenian). 21 December 1931. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Praznik našega zimskega sporta". Slovenski narod (in Slovenian). 21 December 1931. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Planiška letalnica z vidika geodezije" (PDF). geodetski-vestnik.com (in Slovenian). 2004. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  7. ^ a b Guček, Aleš (13 March 2010). "Neznana znana Planica". smucisca.net (in Slovenian). Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Bloudkova velikanka". travel-slovenia.si (in Slovenian). Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Svetovni rekordi na naših tleh / Rekord za rekordom". Jutro (in Slovenian). 26 March 1934. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Birger Ruud: A family of ski jumpers". sports.jrank.org. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Višek smučarske sezone". Slovenec (in Slovenian). 25 March 1934. p. 14. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  12. ^ "V Planici so že dosegli 93-metrsko znamko". Jutro (in Slovenian). 15 March 1935. p. 7. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  13. ^ "V Planici tik pred zaželjenim ciljem". Jutro (in Slovenian). 16 March 1935. p. 7. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Andersen: 99 m". Slovenec (in Slovenian). 16 March 1935. p. 2. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  15. ^ "99 Meter in Planica! Der Norweger fliegt zweimal 99 Meter". Mariborer Zeitung (in German). 17 March 1935. p. 8. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  16. ^ "Planica — 101 m!". Jutro (in Slovenian). 16 March 1936. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Smuške tekme na Planici brez Norvežanov". Ponedeljski Slovenec (in Slovenian). 16 March 1936. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  18. ^ "107 m na planiški skakalnici". Slovenec (in Slovenian). 16 March 1938. p. 7. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Bradl je skočil 107 m". Slovenski narod (in Slovenian). 16 March 1938. p. 4. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  20. ^ "Veliki dan smuških poletov v Planici". Slovenec (in Slovenian). 2 March 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  21. ^ "18 skokov nad 100 metrov, od njih dva na 106 m". Jutro (in Slovenian). 1 March 1941. p. 8. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Znamki 101 za nas in 108 m za Nemce". Jutro (in Slovenian). 3 March 1941. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  23. ^ "V Planici pet poletov nad 100 metrov". Slovenski poročevalec (in Slovenian). 23 March 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  24. ^ "Teden smuških poletov v Planici je zaključen". Slovenski poročevalec (in Slovenian). 25 March 1947. p. 5. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  25. ^ "Izredni uspehi jugoslovanskih in inozemskih skakalcev v Planici". Slovenski poročevalec (in Slovenian). 16 March 1948. p. 6. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Planica naj ostane edina mamutska skakalnica na svetu". Slovenski poročevalec (in Slovenian). 18 March 1948. p. 7. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Bloudek-Rožmanova velikanka v Planici se je podrla" (in Slovenian). Slovenian Press Agency. 17 December 2001. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  28. ^ Potočnik, Brigita (28 August 2005). "Počasna obnova Bloudkove velikanke". 24ur.com (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  29. ^ Fon, Boštjan (27 September 2011). "Od Bloudkove velikanke ostal le Nemški stolp". Slovenske novice (in Slovenian). Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  30. ^ T. V. (8 July 2011). "Čakanja je konec: začela se bo obnova Bloudkove velikanke" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Foto in video: Nordijski center Planica – izjemen kompleks svetovnih dosežkov" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  32. ^ a b c S. J. (14 October 2012). "Foto/video: Primož Peterka v Planici odprl prenovljeni ponos slovenskega športa" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  33. ^ Lopatič, Jaka (14 October 2012). "Hlebanja: Babici sem se že zahvalil" (in Slovenian). Siol. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  34. ^ Lopatič, Jaka (18 March 2014). "Planica po svetovni rekord prihodnje leto, letos po svetovno prvenstvo" (in Slovenian). Siol. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  35. ^ Da. B. (15 March 2016). "Kdo in kdaj je pod Poncami podrl rekord?". Žurnal24 (in Slovenian). Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  36. ^ Štok, Katja (25 March 2012). "Nordijski center Planica – izjemen kompleks svetovnih dosežkov" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 15 April 2022. Ime Bloudkova velikanka je spomeniško zaščitena, kot tudi sama os skakalnice.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 46°28′43.62″N 13°43′20″E / 46.4787833°N 13.72222°E / 46.4787833; 13.72222