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Blood type distribution by country

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ABO and distribution by countryEdit

ABO and Rh blood type distribution by country (population averages)
Country Population[1] O+ A+ B+ AB+ O− A− B− AB−
  Argentina 44,270,440 45.4% 34.26% 8.59% 2.64% 8.4% 0.44% 0.21% 0.06%
  Armenia 2,931,568 29.0% 46.3% 12.0% 5.6% 2.0% 3.7% 1.0% 0.4%
  Australia[2] 24,642,693 40.0% 31.0% 8.0% 2.0% 9.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Austria[3] 8,592,470 30.0% 33.0% 12.0% 6.0% 7.0% 8.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Bahrain 1,418,695 48.48% 19.35% 22.61% 3.67% 3.27% 1.33% 1.04% 0.25%
  Bangladesh 164,833,667 31.18% 21.44% 34.58% 8.85% 1.39% 0.96% 0.96% 0.64%
  Belgium[4] 11,444,053 38.0% 34.0% 8.6% 4.1% 7.0% 6.0% 1.5% 0.8%
  Bolivia 11,053,376 51.53% 29.45% 10.11% 1.15% 4.39% 2.73% 0.54% 0.1%
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,792,730 31.0% 36.0% 12.0% 6.0% 5.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Brazil[5] 211,248,418 36.0% 34.0% 8.0% 2.5% 9.0% 8.0% 2.0% 0.5%
  Bulgaria 7,045,097 28.0% 37.0% 13.0% 7.0% 5.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Cambodia 16,077,172 46.7% 27.2% 18.5% 4.9% 1.3% 0.8% 0.5% 0.1%
  Cameroon 24,515,533 42.8% 38.8% 12.0% 3.3% 1.4% 1.2% 0.4% 0.1%
  Canada[6] 36,627,140 39.0% 36.0% 7.6% 2.5% 7.0% 6.0% 1.4% 0.5%
  Chile 18,314,060 85.5% 8.7% 3.35% 1.0% 1.2% 0.1% 0.05% 0.1%
  China 1,388,251,023 47.7% 27.8% 18.9% 5.0% 0.28% 0.19% 0.1% 0.03%
  Colombia 49,069,267 61.30% 26.11% 2.28% 1.47% 5.13% 2.7% 0.7% 0.31%
  Côte d'Ivoire 23,869,656 46.5% 22.5% 22.5% 4.3% 2.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.2%
  Croatia 4,207,355 29.0% 36.0% 15.0% 5.0% 5.0% 6.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Cyprus 1,189,395 35.22% 40.35% 11.11% 4.72% 3.85% 3.48% 0.87% 0.40%
  Czech Republic[7] 10,555,152 27.0% 36.0% 15.0% 7.0% 5.0% 6.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Denmark[8] 5,711,902 35.0% 37.0% 8.0% 4.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Dominican Republic 10,766,932 46.2% 26.4% 16.9% 3.1% 3.7% 2.1% 1.4% 0.2%
  Ecuador 16,665,756 75.0% 14.0% 7.1% 0.5% 2.38% 0.7% 0.3% 0.02%
  Egypt 95,220,838 52.0% 24.0% 12.4% 3.8% 5.0% 2.0% 0.6% 0.2%
  El Salvador[9] 6,171,483 62.0% 23.0% 11.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.7% 0.3%
  Estonia[10] 1,305,745 29.5% 30.8% 20.7% 6.3% 4.3% 4.5% 3.0% 0.9%
  Ethiopia 104,352,727 39.0% 28.0% 21.0% 5.0% 3.0% 2.0% 1.0% 1.0%
  Finland[11] 5,541,328 27.0% 38.0% 15.0% 7.0% 4.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  France[12] 64,939,560 36.0% 37.0% 9.0% 3.0% 6.0% 7.0% 1.0% 1.0%
  Germany 80,635,980 35.0% 37.0% 9.0% 4.0% 6.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Greece 10,892,849 37.4% 32.9% 11.0% 3.7% 7.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Guinea 13,291,741 46.88% 21.64% 22.86% 4.52% 2.0% 0.9% 1.0% 0.2%
  Hong Kong 7,402,115 41.5% 26.13% 25.34% 6.35% 0.32% 0.17% 0.14% 0.05%
  Hungary 9,787,801 27.0% 33.0% 16.0% 8.0% 5.0% 7.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Iceland[13] 334,311 47.6% 26.4% 9.3% 1.6% 8.4% 4.6% 1.7% 0.4%
  India[14] 1,342,561,902 27.85% 20.8% 38.14% 8.93% 1.43% 0.57% 1.79% 0.49%
  Indonesia 263,519,317 36.82% 25.87% 28.85% 7.96% 0.18% 0.13% 0.15% 0.04%
  Iran 80,982,137 33.5% 27.0% 22.2% 7.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.5% 0.8%
  Iraq 38,657,787 32.1% 25.0% 25.6% 7.4% 3.6% 2.7% 2.7% 0.9%
  Ireland[15] 4,749,263 47.0% 26.0% 9.0% 2.0% 8.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Israel[16] 8,323,659 32.0% 34.0% 17.0% 7.0% 3.0% 4.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Italy 59,797,969 39.0% 36.0% 7.5% 2.5% 7.0% 6.0% 1.5% 0.5%
  Jamaica[17] 2,813,316 47.0% 23.0% 20.0% 3.0% 3.5% 2.0% 1.0% 0.5%
  Japan[18] 126,044,340 29.9% 39.8% 19.9% 9.9% 0.15% 0.2% 0.1% 0.05%
  Kenya 48,470,780 45.6% 25.2% 21.28% 4.2% 1.8% 1.0% 0.9% 0.02%
  Latvia 1,944,122 30.6% 31.0% 17.0% 6.0% 5.4% 6.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Lebanon 6,039,438 38.4% 32.3% 9.5% 3.2% 7.7% 6.5% 1.7% 0.7%
  Libya 6,408,990 42.64% 28.86% 11.19% 4.5% 6.26% 4.24% 1.64% 0.67%
  Lithuania 2,827,573 36.0% 33.0% 11.0% 4.0% 7.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Macao 606,413 41.5% 26.1% 25.4% 6.3% 0.33% 0.17% 0.15% 0.05%
  Macedonia 2,083,690 30.0% 34.0% 15.0% 6.0% 5.0% 6.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  Malaysia 31,165,480 34.32% 30.35% 27.37% 7.46% 0.17% 0.15% 0.14% 0.04%
  Mauritania 4,266,765 46.3% 26.68% 17.47% 3.85% 2.8% 1.6% 1.1% 0.2%
  Mexico 130,227,836 55.79% 29.9% 8.0% 1.63% 2.7% 1.5% 0.4% 0.08%
  Mongolia 3,052,044 55.4% 27.7% 10.9% 4.96% 0.6% 0.3% 0.1% 0.04%
  Myanmar 53,507,932 35.7% 23.8% 32.7% 6.95% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.05%
    Nepal 29,188,100 35.2% 28.3% 27.1% 8.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1%
  Netherlands[19] 17,033,012 39.5% 35.0% 6.7% 2.5% 7.5% 7.0% 1.3% 0.5%
  New Zealand[20] 4,604,996 38.0% 32.0% 9.0% 3.0% 9.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Nigeria 191,851,411 51.3% 22.4% 20.7% 2.6% 1.6% 0.7% 0.6% 0.1%
  Norway[21] 5,330,986 33.0% 41.5% 6.8% 3.4% 6.0% 7.5% 1.2% 0.6%
  North Korea 25,432,033 27.15% 31.08% 30.15% 11.32% 0.08% 0.1% 0.1% 0.03%
  Pakistan 180,440,005 24.63% 20.6% 34.40% 9.52% 4.17% 2.66% 3.57% 0.45%
  Papua New Guinea 7,952,511 48.0% 37.2% 9.6% 2.8% 1.0% 0.8% 0.4% 0.2%
  Peru 32,167,717 70.0% 18.4% 7.8% 1.6% 1.4% 0.5% 0.28% 0.02%
  Philippines[22] 103,801,747 36.9% 28.9% 26.9% 6.97% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.03%
  Poland[23] 38,563,480 31.0% 32.0% 15.0% 7.0% 6.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Portugal[24] 10,264,672 36.3% 40.0% 6.6% 2.9% 6.0% 6.6% 1.1% 0.5%
  Romania 19,237,087 28.0% 37.0% 14.0% 7.0% 5.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  Russia 143,374,801 28.0% 30.0% 20.0% 7.0% 4.9% 5.8% 3.2% 1.1%
  Saudi Arabia[25] 32,744,532 47.8% 23.9% 17.0% 4.0% 4.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.3%
  Serbia 8,776,827 31.92% 35.28% 12.6% 4.2% 6.08% 6.72% 2.4% 0.8%
  Singapore 5,784,819 43.6% 23.9% 24.4% 6.0% 0.9% 0.7% 0.4% 0.1%
  Slovakia[26] 5,432,265 27.2% 35.7% 15.3% 6.8% 4.8% 6.3% 2.7% 1.2%
  Slovenia 2,071,258 31.0% 33.0% 12.0% 6.0% 7.0% 7.0% 3.0% 1.0%
  South Africa[27] 55,437,815 39.0% 32.0% 12.0% 3.0% 6.0% 5.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  South Korea 50,748,307 27.9% 33.87% 26.92% 10.98% 0.1% 0.13% 0.08% 0.02%
  Spain[28] 46,070,163 36.0% 34.0% 8.0% 2.5% 9.0% 8.0% 2.0% 0.5%
  Sudan 40,827,975 48.0% 27.7% 15.2% 2.8% 3.5% 1.8% 0.8% 0.2%
  Sweden[29] 9,920,843 32.0% 37.0% 10.0% 5.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
   Switzerland 8,454,321 26.0% 37.0% 13.0% 7.0% 5.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0%
  Syria 18,920,698 43.0% 30.0% 14.0% 3.7% 5.0% 3.0% 1.0% 0.3%
  Taiwan 23,234,936 43.9% 25.9% 23.9% 6.0% 0.17% 0.1% 0.01% 0.02%
  Thailand 68,298,027 40.8% 16.9% 36.8% 4.97% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.03%
  Turkey[30] 80,420,065 29.8% 37.8% 14.2% 7.2% 3.9% 4.7% 1.6% 0.8%
  Uganda 43,276,492 43.7% 39.0% 10.7% 3.9% 1.3% 1.0% 0.3% 0.1%
  Ukraine 44,404,078 32.0% 34.0% 15.0% 5.0% 5.0% 6.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  United Arab Emirates 3,398,017 44.1% 21.9% 20.9% 4.3% 4.3% 2.1% 2.0% 0.4%
  United Kingdom[31] 65,512,375 37.0% 35.0% 8.0% 3.0% 7.0% 7.0% 2.0% 1.0%
  United States[32] 326,481,533 37.4% 35.7% 8.5% 3.4% 6.6% 6.3% 1.5% 0.6%
  Venezuela[33] 32,011,082 58.5% 28.3% 5.3% 1.8% 3.5% 1.7% 0.7% 0.2%
  Vietnam 95,414,640 41.7% 21.9% 30.8% 4.98% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.02%
  Zimbabwe 16,642,880 63.3% 18.5% 14.6% 0.99% 1.7% 0.5% 0.4% 0.01%
World 6,608,547,287 38.62% 27.40% 22.07% 5.91% 2.55% 1.99% 1.11% 0.36%

  50.0% and above   40.0–49.9%   30.0–39.9%   20.0–29.9%   10.0–19.9%   5.0–9.9%

Blood group B has its highest frequency in South Asia where it ranks first as the largest share of the earth's population. In Southeast Asia the share of the population is high, especially in Thailand and Indonesia, then in East Asia, Northern Asia and neighboring Central Asia, and its incidence diminishes both towards the west and the east, falling to single digit percentages in Netherlands, Norway and Portugal.[35][36] It is believed to have been entirely absent from Native American and Australian Aboriginal populations prior to the arrival of Europeans in those areas.[36][37]

Blood group A is associated with high frequencies in Europe, especially in Scandinavia and Central Europe, although its highest frequencies occur in some Australian Aboriginal populations and the Blackfoot Indians of Montana, the US.[38][39]

Maps of allele ABO among native populationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook
  2. ^ Blood Types - What Are They?, Australian Red Cross
  3. ^ "Austrian Red Cross - Blood Donor Information". Old.roteskreuz.at. 2006-03-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  4. ^ "Rode Kruis Wielsbeke - Blood Donor information material". Rodekruiswielsbeke.be. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  5. ^ Tipos Sanguíneos Archived 9 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Canadian Blood Services - Société canadienne du sang. "Types & Rh System, Canadian Blood Services". Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  7. ^ Czech Red Cross. "Podíl krevních skupin v populaci České republiky". Archived from the original on 24 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  8. ^ Frequency of major blood groups in the Danish population.
  9. ^ "¿Por qué donar Sangre? ¡Para Salvar Vidas!" [Why donate blood? to save lives!]. Cruz Roja Salvadoreña (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Veregruppidest" [Blood groups]. verekeskus.ee (in Estonian). Retrieved 2017-11-23. 
  11. ^ "Suomalaisten veriryhmäjakauma" (in Finnish). 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2010-11-19. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Les groupes sanguins (système ABO)". Centre Hospitalier Princesse GRACE - Monaco (in French). C.H.P.G. MONACO. 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  13. ^ "Blóðflokkar" (in Icelandic). .landspitali.is. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  14. ^ "Blood Type Frequencies by Country including the Rh Factor". 
  15. ^ "Irish Blood Transfusion Service - Irish Blood Group Type Frequency Distribution". Irish Blood Transfusion Service. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  16. ^ "The national rescue service in Israel" (in Hebrew). Mdais.org. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  17. ^ "Blood Types in Jamaica". National Blood Transfusion Service. Retrieved 2017-11-23. 
  18. ^ "血液の知識". Japanese Red Cross Society. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  19. ^ "Voorraad Erytrocytenconcentraten Bij Sanquin" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 26 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  20. ^ "What are Blood Groups?". NZ Blood. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  21. ^ "Hva er en blodtype?" [What is a blood type?] (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  22. ^ "Philippine Red Cross". Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  23. ^ "Regionalne Centrum Krwiodawstwa i Krwiolecznictwa we Wroclawiu" (in Polish). Rckik.wroclaw.pl. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  24. ^ "Portuguese Blood Institute" (in Portuguese).  (assuming Rh and AB antigens are independent)
  25. ^ BASHAWRI, Layla A.; AL-MULHIMiz, Abdul Az; AHMAD, Malik S. (2001). "Frequency of ABO blood groups in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia". Saudi Medical Journal. 22 (11): 1008–1101. ISSN 0379-5284. PMID 11744976. 
  26. ^ "Najčastejšie otázky" [Frequently Asked Questions] (in Slovak). Národná transfúzna služba SR. Retrieved 2017-09-22. 
  27. ^ "What's Your Type?". South African National Blood Service. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  28. ^ "Federación Nacional de Donantes de Sangre/La sangre/Grupos". Donantesdesangre.net. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  29. ^ "Frequency of major blood groups in the Swedish population". Geblod.nu. 2007-10-02. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  30. ^ "Turkey Blood Group Site". Kangrubu.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  31. ^ "Blood Group Basics". Blood.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-30. 
  32. ^ "Blood Types in the U.S". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  33. ^ "preguntas-frecuentes" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  34. ^ "Racial and ethnic distribution of ABO blood types". Bloodbook.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  35. ^ Blood Transfusion Division, United States Army Medical Research Laboratory (1971). Selected contributions to the literature of blood groups and immunology. 1971 v. 4. United States Army Medical Research Laboratory, Fort Knox, Kentucky. ... In northern India, in Southern and Central China and in the neighboring Central Asiatic areas, we find the highest known frequencies of B. If we leave this center, the frequency of the B gene decreases almost everywhere ... 
  36. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica (2002). The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 0-85229-787-4. ... The maximum frequency of the B gene occurs in Central Asia and northern India. The B gene was probably absent from Native Americans and Australian Aboriginal people before racial admixture occurred with the coming of the white man ... 
  37. ^ Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember (1973). Anthropology. Appleton-Century-Crofts. ... Blood type B is completely absent in most North and South American Indians ... 
  38. ^ Dean 2005, 2.1.4: Blood Type A: Central and Eastern Europe Type A is common in Central and Eastern Europe. In countries such as Austria, Denmark, Norway, and Switzerland, about 45–50% of the population have this blood type, whereas about 40% of Poles and Ukrainians do so. The highest frequencies are found in small, unrelated populations. For example, about 80% of the Blackfoot Indians of Montana have blood type A ...
  39. ^ Technical Monograph No. 2: The ABO Blood Group System and ABO Subgroups (PDF). Biotec. March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2007. ... The frequency of blood group A is quite high (25–55%) in Europe, especially in Scandinavia and parts of central Europe. High group A frequency is also found in the Aboriginal people of South Australia (up to 45%) and in certain American Indian tribes where the frequency reaches 35% ... 

See alsoEdit