Blera is a small town and comune in the northern Lazio region of Italy. It was known during the Middle Ages as Bieda, an evolved form of its ancient name, which was restored in the twentieth century. It is the birthplace of Pope Sabinian; Pope Paschal II was also originally thought to be from here.
|Comune di Blera|
Blera and the Fascist built bridge.
|• Mayor||Elena Tolomei|
|• Total||92.78 km2 (35.82 sq mi)|
|Elevation||270 m (890 ft)|
|Population (30 November 2014)|
|• Density||36/km2 (94/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Vivenzio|
|Saint day||December 11|
It is situated on a long, narrow tongue of rock at the junction of two deep glens.
In 772, it was destroyed by the Lombards of King Desiderius. In the thirteenth-fifteenth centuries, it belonged to the Di Vico family. In 1247 the army of Frederick II ravaged it. In the fifteenth century, Pope Boniface IX gave Blera to the Anguillara family, who owned it until 1572, apart from a short period from 1465 under direct Papal control. Later it followed the history of the Papal States.
Some remains of the town walls still exist, and also two ancient bridges, both belonging to the Via Clodia, and many tombs hewn in the rock with small chambers imitating the architectural forms of houses, and beams and rafters represented in relief.
Selvasecca di BleraEdit
Eric Berggren and the Swedish Institute in Rome excavated a Republican period rural structure or villa at the site of Selvasecca di Blera between 1965 and 1967, with preliminary results published in 1969. The hill of Selvasecca lies about 6 km southwest of Blera itself. The villa site is marked by a courtyard building that includes a remarkable vaulted cistern built using opus caementicium. There is also evidence that architectural terracottas were produced at the site. The implications of the villa itself have been recently re-visited.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blera". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 58. This cites Dennis, G. Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria.
- Jane DeRose Evans (29 March 2013). A Companion to the Archaeology of the Roman Republic. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 369–. ISBN 978-1-118-55716-7.
- E. Berggren and A. Andrén. 1969. "Blera (Località Selvasecca). Villa rustica etrusco-romana con manifattura di terrecotte architettoniche templari." Notizie degli Scavi 1969, pp. 59-71.
- Enciclopedia dell' Arte Antica (1973): SELVASECCA http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/selvasecca_%28Enciclopedia-dell%27-Arte-Antica%29/
- Martin Söderlind (2002). Late Etruscan Votive Heads from Tessennano: Production, Distribution, Sociohistorical Context. L'ERMA di BRETSCHNEIDER. pp. 317–. ISBN 978-88-8265-186-2.
- Opuscula Romana. C. W. K. Gleerup. 2006.