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Circular Cottage (left), with Sweetbriar Cottage immediately beyond

Blaise Hamlet is a group of nine small cottages around a green in Henbury, now a district in the north of Bristol, England. All the cottages, and the sundial on the green are Grade I listed buildings. Along with Blaise Castle the Hamlet is listed, Grade II*, on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England.[1] Nikolaus Pevsner described Blaise Hamlet as "the ne plus ultra of picturesque layout and design".[2]

Blaise Hamlet
Blaise Hamlet is located in Bristol
Blaise Hamlet
Blaise Hamlet
Location within Bristol
OS grid referenceST555785
Unitary authority
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRISTOL
Postcode districtBS10
Dialling code0117
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bristol
51°30′26″N 2°38′08″W / 51.507218°N 2.635608°W / 51.507218; -2.635608Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 2°38′08″W / 51.507218°N 2.635608°W / 51.507218; -2.635608

Blaise Hamlet was built around 1811 for retired employees of Quaker banker and philanthropist John Scandrett Harford, who owned Blaise Castle House.[3]

The hamlet was designed by John Nash, master of the Picturesque style. He had worked for Harford on other buildings. The hamlet is the first fully realized exemplar of the garden suburb and laid out the road map for virtually all garden suburbs that followed.[4] The cottages are all unique and include brick chimneys and dormer windows with some having thatched roofs.[5] They are examples of the picturesque, an aesthetic ideal introduced into English cultural debate in 1782 by William Gilpin.[6][7] An oval path links the cottages and encircles the village green with its sundial.[8] The cottage gardens are planted in a Victorian cottage garden style.[9]

Since 1943 the cottages have been owned by the National Trust.[3] They are still occupied and not open to the public, but the ensemble may be viewed from the green. Rose Cottage is let by the National Trust as a holiday cottage.

BuildingsEdit

Building House number Grade Photo Reference
Circular Cottage 8 I   [10]
Dial Cottage 7 I   [11]
Diamond Cottage 2 I   [12]
Double Cottage 4 and 5 I   [13]
Dutch Cottage 3 I   [14]
Oak Cottage 1 I   [15]
Rose Cottage 6 I   [16]
Sweetbriar Cottage 9 I   [17]
Vine Cottage 10 I   [18]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Historic England. "Blaise Castle and Hamlet (1001426)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Blaise Castle and Hamlet (1001426)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b "The history of Blaise Hamlet". National Trust. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  4. ^ Stern, Robert A.M.; Fishman, David; Tilove, Jacob (2013). Paradise Planned: The Garden Suburb and the Modern City. The Monacelli Press. p. 23. ISBN 1580933262.
  5. ^ Wilson, Vicky. "Photograph of the Circular Cottage, Blaise Hamlet, Bristol 1973". Architecture.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  6. ^ Willes, Margaret (2014). The Gardens of the British Working Class. Yale University Press. p. 129. ISBN 9780300187847.
  7. ^ Southworth, Michael; Ben-Joseph, Eran (2013). Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities. Island Press. pp. 29–31. ISBN 9781610911092.
  8. ^ "Blaise Hamlet, Bristol, England - Description". Parks and Gardens UK. Parks and Gardens Data Services Ltd. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Blaise Hamlet, Bristol, England - History". Parks and Gardens UK. Parks and Gardens Data Services Ltd. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Circular Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  11. ^ "Dial Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  12. ^ "Diamond Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  13. ^ "Double Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  14. ^ "Dutch Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  15. ^ "Oak Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  16. ^ "Rose Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  17. ^ "Sweetbriar Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  18. ^ "Vine Cottage". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2007.

External linksEdit