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Black Widow is the name of several fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Most of these versions exist in Marvel's main shared universe, known as the Marvel Universe.

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Claire VoyantEdit

Claire Voyant is the first costumed, superpowered female protagonist in comic books. Created by writer George Kapitan and artist Harry Sahle, she first appeared in Mystic Comics #4 (Aug. 1940). She kills evildoers to deliver their souls to Satan, her master. The character is unrelated to the later Marvel Comics superheroines who took on the codename.[1]

Natalia Romanova / Natasha RomanoffEdit

Natalia "Natasha" Alianovna Romanova / Natasha Romanoff[2] is the first character to take on the Black Widow codename in the modern mainstream Marvel Comics. She was created by editor and plotter Stan Lee, scripter Don Rico and artist Don Heck, and first appeared in Tales of Suspense #52 (April 1964). The character has been associated with several superhero teams in the Marvel Universe, including the Avengers, the Defenders, the Champions, S.H.I.E.L.D., and the Thunderbolts. She has appeared in many other forms of media, including the major motion pictures Iron Man 2, The Avengers, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: Civil War, Avengers: Infinity War, and Avengers: Endgame, wherein she is portrayed by actress Scarlett Johansson.

Yelena BelovaEdit

Yelena Belova is the second character to take on the Black Widow codename in the modern mainstream comics who debuted briefly in Inhumans #5 (March 1999) and was fully introduced in the 1999 Marvel Knights mini-series Black Widow. A second miniseries, also titled Black Widow and featuring Natasha Romanoff and Daredevil, followed in 2001. The next year, she did a solo turn in her own three-issue miniseries titled Black Widow: Pale Little Spider under the mature-audience Marvel MAX imprint. This June to August 2002 story arc, by writer Greg Rucka and artist Igor Kordey, was a flashback to the story of her becoming the second modern 'Black Widow', in events preceding her Inhumans appearance.

Other characters named Black WidowEdit

Monica ChangEdit

First appearanceUltimate Marvel:
Ultimate Comics: Avengers #3 (December 2009)
Earth-616:
Avengers A.I. #1 (July 2013)
Created byMark Millar, Carlos Pacheco
SpeciesHuman
TeamsS.H.I.E.L.D., Avengers
AbilitiesSlowed aging
Enhanced immune system
Abnormally superior athletic condition
Hypnosis
Enhanced psychological defenses
AliasesBlack Widow

Fictional character biographyEdit

Monica Chang-Fury is the second character to use the Black Widow codename in the Ultimate Marvel continuity, debuting in Ultimate Comics: Avengers #3.[3]

Despite the painful memories associated with the previous Black Widow (Natasha Romanoff), she refuses to change her codename. It is revealed that Monica is Asian-American and was Nick Fury's ex-wife after the marriage fell apart after she discovered that Nick had been sleeping with various female members of her family and limited social circle, including her own mother. With the Avengers, she and others led a mission to re-capture Captain America and then ends up facing and fighting against the Red Skull.[4]

She also helps capture and recruit the Punisher into the team.[5] Later she was transferred to the New Ultimates.[6] After Fury returned as director of S.H.I.E.L.D., he reassembled the Ultimates and Monica rejoined that team, moving with her and Fury's child, Julius Chang, to the Triskelion.[7] She then became director of S.H.I.E.L.D.[8]

In the All-New Ultimates final series, Monica tells Jessica Drew after they captured Crossbones.[9] Later, while working with the FBI, Monica apparently is killed by Green Goblin.[10]

Other versionsEdit

Monica Chang makes her first appearance in Marvel's mainstream Earth-616 continuity in the series Avengers A.I.[11] In this series, Monica is the chief of S.H.I.E.L.D.'s A.I. Division. Monica enlists Hank Pym to help her stop Dimitrios (who evolved from the fail-safe virus used to defeat Ultron at the end of the Age of Ultron storyline) and they form the Avengers A.I. consisting of a Doombot, Victor Mancha and the Vision. During their first mission, the Avengers A.I. faced hijacked S.H.I.E.L.D. Drones which attacked a hospital in Atlanta.[12] It is revealed she is a devout Muslim.[13] She later prevents the end of the universe by preventing the execution of an LMD infected with a virus.[14]

Jessica DrewEdit

The Ultimate version of Jessica Drew is a female clone of Spider-Man (Peter Parker) that goes by the Black Widow alias[15][16]

Black Widow 2099Edit

The futuristic 2099 version of Black Widow is an African-American woman named Tania. She operates as part of the Avengers 2099 at the Alchemax corporation's behest.[17] Like black widow spiders, she literally eats her mates after having sex with them.[18]

Dottie UnderwoodEdit

The Agent Carter television series features Dottie Underwood (portrayed by Bridget Regan), a 1946 precursor to Black Widow and an operative of Leviathan.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gerber, Jamie (Jun 27, 2018). "20 Weird Things About Black Widow Even Hardcore Fans Might Not Know - 3". ScreenRant. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  2. ^ Daniel Way (w), Steve Dillon (a). Wolverine: Origins 16 (October, 2007), Marvel Comics
  3. ^ Burlingame, Russ (November 2, 2014). "Could the Avengers: Age of Ultron Mystery Woman Be Avengers AI's Monica Chang?". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  4. ^ Mark Millar (w), Carlos Pacheco (a). Ultimate Comics Avengers #1-6 (August, 2009 - April, 2010), Marvel Comics
  5. ^ Mark Millar (w), Leinil Francis Yu (a). Ultimate Comics Avengers 2 #1 (April 2010), Marvel Comics
  6. ^ Mark Millar (w), Leinil Yu (a). Ultimate Avengers vs. New Ultimates #1 (February, 2011), Marvel Comics
  7. ^ Jonathan Hickman (w), Esad Ribic (a). Ultimate Comics Ultimates #3 (October, 2011), Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Sam Humphries (w), Scot Eaton (a). Ultimate Comics: Ultimates #21 (February, 2013), Marvel Comics
  9. ^ Michel Fiffe (w), Amilcar Pinna (a). All-New Ultimates #12 (January 2015), Marvel Comics
  10. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), David Marquez (a). Miles Morales: Ultimate Spider-Man #3 (July, 2014)
  11. ^ Doran, Michael (March 20, 2013). "Marvel Announces ULTRON-Spin-off AVENGERS A.I. Ongoing". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  12. ^ Sam Humphries (w), Andre Lima Araujo (a). Avengers A.I. #1 (July, 2013), Marvel Comics
  13. ^ Sam Humphries (w), Andre Lima Araujo (a). Avengers A.I. #4 (October, 2013), Marvel Comics
  14. ^ Sam Humphries (w), Andre Lima Araujo (a). Avengers A.I. #12 (April, 2014), Marvel Comics
  15. ^ Michel Fiffe (w), Amilcar Pinna (a). All-New Ultimates #1 (April 9, 2014), Marvel Comics
  16. ^ Moore, Matt (January 10, 2014). "In Marvel's Ultimate universe, fate looms large". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  17. ^ Peter David (w), Will Sliney (a). Secret Wars 2099 v#1, (May, 2015), Marvel Comics
  18. ^ Peter David (w), Will Sliney (a). Secret Wars 2099 #3 (July, 2015), Marvel Comics
  19. ^ Goldman, Eric (January 28, 2015). "Marvel's Agent Carter Exclusive: Showrunners Reveal Who Dottie Works For". IGN. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2019.