Black River and Western Railroad

The Black River and Western Railroad (reporting mark BRW) is a freight and heritage railroad operating in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, between Flemington, Lambertville and Ringoes. The railroad operates vintage steam and diesel powered locomotives.[1][2]

Black River and Western Railroad
BRWlogo19652015.jpg
Black River 60.jpg
Overview
HeadquartersRingoes, New Jersey
Reporting markBRW
LocaleHunterdon County, New Jersey
Dates of operationChester: 1961–1964, Ringoes: 1965–
PredecessorPennsylvania Railroad
Central Railroad of New Jersey
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationNo
Length16 miles (26 kilometres)
Other
Websiteblackriverrailroad.com brwrr.com
Passenger train at Flemington Station.
BR&W caboose, semaphore and station depot at the station in Ringoes, New Jersey.
Flemington BRW terminal
Black River 60 at Bowne Station.
#1202 working freight at Three Bridges.

HistoryEdit

The Black River & Western Railroad (BR&W) was started by William Whitehead in Oldwick, New Jersey, in the late 1950s. A portion of the defunct Rockaway Valley Railroad went through his back yard. He and his sons started collecting rolling stock and an engine (Lackawanna #565). They started laying tracks but then the expansion of I-78 halted their dream of building a railroad at that location. They moved their equipment to the Chester Hill Branch of the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CNJ) with the hope of starting a railroad there.

BR&W was officially incorporated in 1961. The railroad's name is derived from the Black River, a river in Chester, and the direction that the river flows. Following a brief stint of operations on CNJ's Chester Hill Branch, equipment was moved to Flemington, New Jersey in 1963 and the search for a place to start their tourist train was continued. A leasing arrangement was created with the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) that allowed a tourist train to operate from Flemington to Lambertville on the original Belvidere-Delaware Railroad (PRR Belvidere Division) Flemington Branch (originally the Flemington Railroad & Transportation Company) in 1964. BR&W paid $5,000 a year and rehabilitated the railroad (PRR operated freight service on the line during this period). Steam engine #60 pulled the first trip out of Flemington on May 16, 1965. Weekend and holiday schedules were devised.

BR&W assumed ownership and operations of the Flemington Branch from the CNJ connection in Flemington to Flemington Branch Junction in Lambertville on March 16, 1970, purchasing it from PRR successor Penn Central (PC). With the acquisition of the rail line and its freight operations, on top of the existing tourist passenger service, a true shortline railroad was born. Base operations were established in Ringoes, New Jersey, and remain so today. Freight interchange after the 1970 purchase was made with PC at Lambertville and CNJ in Flemington. PC filed for bankruptcy that June.

PC continued to operate freight under bankruptcy protection until April 1, 1976 when Conrail (CR) assumed operations (the last PC freight train to operate on the Belvidere Division was on March 31, 1976). BR&W then purchased three miles of trackage in the Lambertville area that was part of the Belvidere Division mainline on March 31, 1976 before Conrail took over. BR&W also purchased the Flemington-Three Bridges portion from the bankrupt CNJ. Although coal, iron ore and general freights were rerouted to other lines such as the North Penn Branch, CR continued operating smaller interchange freight trains to Lambertville. In March 1977, a new interchange was built at Three Bridges, New Jersey with the former Lehigh Valley Railroad (LV) mainline.

Freight service to Lambertville ended by 1995 with tourist operations ceasing by 1998, when the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) prohibited operations due to poor track conditions. There was talk in 1999 of Trap Rock Industries quarry using the stub-ended section north of Lambertville for unit stone trains, resulting in a frenzy of track repairs taking place on the Ringoes-Lambertville segment to accommodate the anticipated traffic. The quarry ultimately backed out with the final work train operating in June 2002 to retrieve all remaining rolling stock.

Black River Railroad Historic Trust formedEdit

In 2001, a separate non-profit entity known as the Black River Railroad Historic Trust (BRRHT),[3][4] was formed to take over the tourist trains on the line. BRRHT does not own most of the passenger cars and until 2011, fees had to be paid to the BR&W for their use. BRRHT owns one diesel locomotive switcher, an SW9 numbered 438. It currently leases some coaches from the railroad and has use of several locomotives.

In 2014 the BRRHT started to clear the line between Ringos and Lambertville for passenger trains. In 2016 the first passenger train went down the first mile of the newly restored line in almost 20 years. In 2017 the BRRHT restored the first 2.5 miles of the line which is where Bone Station is and Black River have been doing special events. In 2019 the BRRHT opened a further 1 mile towards Mount Airy Road. The BRRHT is looking to get into Lambertville within the next several years.

Recent historyEdit

In 2014, BRRHT announced that it was looking to reinstate service along the dormant Ringoes-Lambertville section now called the Alexauken Division.[5] In May 2017, the first two and a half miles was re-introduced to passenger service. The in-service track currently reaches Bowne Station, just over 4 miles north of Lambertville. Bowne Station includes a picnic grove co-constructed with Woodsedge Farm and the railroad. Special picnic and farm trains are scheduled year for this new portion of the line, along with an evening departure from Ringoes every Saturday and Sunday that special events do not operate.[6]

StationsEdit

Station Status History
Three Bridges Freight only station Three Bridges was a former station on the Central Railroad of New Jersey's South Branch. The South Branch ran from a wye at Somerville, NJ station to Flemington. While there is no actual station and passenger service does not go this far, Three Bridges is where the BR&W interchanges with Norfolk Southern. Today a small shed stands where the station did. Last BRW passenger train to Three Bridges ran in 2014.
Flemington (Main Street) Station building utilized by local bank Flemington was the former terminus station of the Central Railroad of New Jersey's South Branch in Flemington, New Jersey. Service at the station began on July 1, 1864 and passenger service was discontinued on April 25, 1953.
Flemington (PRR) Station building currently used for retail space Originally used by the Pennsylvania Railroad, then when the BR&W came, they put a small shack not too far from the PRR Station. Then in the 1970s, the shack was removed and replaced by wooden car #101; and was used until it was burned in 1991. The station on the line marked the terminus to the Flemington Branch.
Flemington (Liberty Village) Served by BRW When nearby Liberty Village was being remodeled, Black River & Western sold off the original PRR station and per agreement, Liberty Village built them a new station closer to Route 12. Historically, the Pennsylvania Railroad interchanged with the Central Railroad of New Jersey just north of this station.
Copper Hill Originally small station. Only siding remains. Copper Hill was a small combination freight and passenger station, with a siding for loading produce from local farms. The area was named Copper Hill due to copper ore deposits found nearby, although the name is also thought to come from copperhead snakes that were found in the area. Siding holds heritage freight equipment.
Hog Town Abandoned Hog Town is a small shack and was built around 1970 by the BR&W as part of their Great Train Robberies. In the off-season, the station was occupied by "The Mayor of Hogtown", who used to persuade passengers to vote for him as mayor (as part of a gag). The area got its name due to the nearby, and now demolished, home that raised hogs. The station is located next to the former Hunterdon Concrete facility.
Farmstead (formerly Muirhead) Originally flagstop Once part of the village of Muirhead (now gone), Muirhead was an early station for the Pennsylvania Railroad. The station closed in the 1920s. The station was moved a few hundred yards east and has been converted to a shed, it is now owned by the Farmstead at Ringoes. The original site is used as a stop for the farm which works with the railroad to host weddings and other private events, and has been renamed "Farmstead".
Pumpkin Junction Served by BRW Pumpkin Junction is a farm station along the line constructed in 2008. The stop is used in October as part of the railroad's Pumpkin Trains.
Ringoes Served by BRW Ringoes was a former Pennsylvania Railroad station on their Flemington branch. Ringoes is the main yard and headquarters of the Black River and Western Railroad.
Boss Rd. Originally flagstop A flagstop during the PRR era of the branch line. Closed 1931, gone.
Bowne Served by BRW The original Bowne station was located south of the Bowne Station Rd. bridge. It was moved in the early 1930s north of the bridge near a home and has been converted into a shed. Today, the Black River Railroad Historical Trust has created a picnic grove where the station originally sat south of the bridge. This station can only be accessed by rail.
Mount Airy Originally flagstop A flagstop during the PRR era of the branch line. Closed 1931, gone. In the area where current active track ends.
Alexauken Originally flagstop A flagstop during the PRR era of the branch line. Closed 1931, gone.
Lambertville Out-Of-Service. Building currently Lambertville Station Inn & Restaurant. Just south of the junction between the Bel-Del mainline and the Flemington Branch, Lambertville serves as the southernmost station along the BR&W. The last train to depart the station was in December 1998. Black River & Western plans to be back in Lambertville sometime in the early 2020s, as part of their Alexauken Division project.

RosterEdit

The Black River & Western's fleet of locomotives are divided up into two categories: Locomotives used on the Flemington Branch, and locomotives used by the Black River Railroad System (a primarily freight but also leasing company). Equipment in italics is owned by the BRRHT.

Black River & Western Locomotives — engines that are on the Flemington branch almost all the timeEdit

Number Heritage Model Location
60 Great Western Railway of Colorado 2-8-0 In service on the Flemington Branch. Only steam locomotive on the Flemington Branch. Returned to service after an FRA 5 year inspection on July 3rd, 2021.
112 Lehigh Valley Railroad SW1 Owned by LVRX, restored 2010, painted as BR&W #400 in 2015 for 50th anniversary. In service on the Flemington Branch. Unclear if it will be repainted back into #112 or keep it as #400.
438 Erie Railroad EMD SW9 Owned by BRRHT, acquired from the United Railroad Historical Society of New Jersey in 2015, in service on the Flemington Branch.
2005 DRRV GP38-2 Assigned to BR&W Flemington Branch. Used for freight service.
9206 Pennsylvania Railroad SW1 Owned by LVRX, in service on Flemington Branch.

Black River Railroad Locomotives — engines that come and go on the Flemington BranchEdit

Number Heritage Model Location
752 Northern Pacific Railway EMD GP9 Leased to Mid-States Packaging, Hillsborough, New Jersey.
811 Nickel Plate Road EMD GP9 BR&W Belvidere-Delaware division. Lettered for Black River & Western, however used for Delaware River Railroad excursions.
908 LV SW900 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Newport News, Virginia, out of service.
909 Portland Power Plant SW9 Formerly numbered 9009
915 Winchester and Western Railroad (WW) SW900 BR&W Dover & Rockaway River Railroad (D&RR) operation, out of service.
1202 New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad SW1200 In Service on Flemmington Branch.
1206 Canadian National Railway SW1200RS Leased in West Virginia.
1259 Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) SW1200RS Leased in Pennsylvania.
1539 Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad SW1500 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Newport News, Virginia.
1567 Penn Central (PC) SW1500 Leased to WW, Bridgeton, New Jersey.
1823 New York Central Railroad (NYC) GP10 Assigned to D&RR operations, leased from WW in the late 1990s. Formerly numbered 732.
1849 Northern Pacific Railway GP9 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania.
1850 Chesapeake & Ohio Railway GP9 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania.
1853 Texas Mexican Railway GP9 Shopped in Tennessee, out of service.
1854 Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) GP8 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania.
1856 NYC GP10 Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Charleston, South Carolina.
1858 Grand Trunk Western Railroad GP9u Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Newport News, Virginia.
1888 CP GP9u BR&W D&RR operation
1889 CP GP9u Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Newport News, Virginia.
8142 CP SW1200RS Leased in Pennsylvania.
9581 Norfolk Southern Railway SD9m Leased to Kinder-Morgan, Newport News, Virginia.

In Service Passenger EquipmentEdit

Number Heritage Status Notes
297 CNJ In Service Combine. Acquired in 1967 from CNJ. First in service 1968 (just restored).[7][8]
322 CNJ In Service Bar car built from coach. Used for First Class Service. Acquired in 1967 from CNJ, originally CNJ 1186. First in service 1968. Named John L. Bishop (just restored).[8]
605 DL&W In Service Acquired from EL in 1972, originally DL&W 605, renumbered to 305 in 1972. First in service 1972.[8] Out of service in 1999. Restored by the BRRHT and returned to service for North Pole Express service in 2018[9], renumbering back to 605. This car was damaged in the 1917 Kingsland explosion.[10]
1009 CNJ In Service Owned by BRRHT, acquired in 2005 from Steamtown. Restoration completed in May 2015.[11]

Out of Service Passenger EquipmentEdit

Number Heritage Status Notes
5 GM&O Out Of Service Business Car, Privately owned.
585 DL&W Out Of Service, Under Restoration Acquired from EL in 1972, originally DL&W 585. First in service 1972.[8] Open-Air Car built from Coach. Out of service in 1997–98. Undergoing restoration by the BRRHT.
302 DL&W Out Of Service Acquired from EL in 1972. Converted to open air car, out of service by 1999.
303 DL&W Out Of Service Acquired from EL in 1972, originally DL&W 608. First in service 1972.[8] Out of service by 1999.
304 DL&W Out Of Service Acquired from EL in 1972, originally DL&W 606. First in service 1972.[8] Out of service by 1999.
319 New Jersey Transit, ex GN MOW From NJT. Originally assigned to the Empire Builder as Great Northern 1223.[12][13]
320 New Jersey Transit, ex GN MOW From NJT. Originally assigned to the Empire Builder as Great Northern 1229.[12][13]
491 Canadian National Out Of Service Acquired early 1990s, in service by 1993. Used as aux coach.[14] Originally numbered 4991. Retains black window stripe hinting at its CN heritage, CN Number (4991) showing through on east side. Last Passenger Run 2018, Out of Service 2019.
1318 CNJ Out Of Service Remains in Lambertville, NJ. Round Roof CNJ Coach. Acquired from NJ Transit in 1984.
1362 USAT Out Of Service Used as storage
1369 USAT Out Of Service Used as storage

Engines on DisplayEdit

Number Heritage Status Notes
′′1′′ Crucible Steel 15 ton Mack On display in Ringoes Parking lot [15]

Passenger Equipment on DisplayEdit

Number Heritage Status Notes
420 CNJ Out Of Service Used as museum car at Ringoes station, owned by the BRRHT.
494 Canadian National Out Of Service Acquired early 1990s, in service by 1993.[14] Originally numbered 4988. Last train was the Easter bunny express of 2015. Out of service 2015. Was lettered for BDRV until 2016. On display in Ringoes station and used for Christmas events in the station.
17112 USAT Out Of Service Privately owned, display
8424 New York Central Out Of Service Owned by BRRHT, Used as a workshop for restoration projects.
"Chenango" PRR Out Of Service Privately owned, Residential, Originally named "Herald Square," painted in NYO&W livery.

Freight EquipmentEdit

Number Heritage Type Notes
103 Southern Box Car Stored, Ringoes Yard
111 CR Box Car Stored, Three Bridges Yard
304 CR Ballast Hopper Stored, Three Bridges Yard
308 CR Ballast Hopper Flemington Branch
309 CR Ballast Hopper Flemington Branch
310 CR Ballast Hopper Flemington Branch
601 LV Box Car Stored, Ringoes Yard
15555 CR Ore Car Owned by LVRX, Painted in PRR, Stored, Ringoes Yard
16002 LIRR Crane Car Stored, Ringoes Yard
16003 Amtrak Flat Car Used with 16002, Stored, Ringoes Yard
475532 ? Flat Car Owned by LVRX, Painted PRR, Once used as an open air car, MOW, Flemington Branch. Stored at Copper Hill.
487052 CR Hopper Sitting at the end of the line in Lambertville
497310 PRR Box Car Rounded Roof, Stored, Ringoes Yard
770506 CR Flat Car Stored, Ringoes Yard

In Service CaboosesEdit

Number Heritage Notes
133 C&O Assigned to the Bel Del
385 SOU Assigned to Dover & Rockaway River Railroad
596 MMA In service
645 MEC Privately owned, in service
2727 ATSF Privately owned, painted in Wabash livery, in service
477375 PRR Privately owned, in MOW service
C-140 ERIE Owned by BRRHT, in service

Out of Service CaboosesEdit

Number Heritage Notes
200 RDG Out of service
595 N&W Out of service
1417 DRGW Privately owned, out of service

Cabooses on DisplayEdit

Number Heritage Notes
24531 NYC Privately owned, display
95106 LV Owned by BRRHT, named the "Who Hack," on display.


Former equipmentEdit

Former LocomotivesEdit

Number Heritage Model Current owner
M-55 Arizona Eastern Railroad Doodlebug Colebrookdale Railroad. Operating.
14 Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal 0-6-0T Ulster & Delaware Historical Society
41 AT&SF CF7 Scrapped
42 AT&SF CF7 Maryland & Delaware 2632 Scrapped
50 Trap Rock Davenport Was MOW
56 PRR T6 Georges Creek Railway 101
57 Washington Terminal Company RS-1 Privately owned; stored on East Penn Railroad, Quakertown, PA
58 Minneapolis & St Louis RS-1 Also wore #211, Scrapped 1992/1993
148 Florida East Coast 4-6-2 United States Sugar Corporation; currently under restored for excursion service in Clewiston, FL[16]
204 Minneapolis & St Louis RS-1 was #59 on paper, Scrapped
400 Broward County Port Authority SW-1 scrapped in 2009
400 LIRR 44-Ton Connecticut Eastern Railroad Museum
565 DL&W 2-6-0 Steamtown National Historic Site
780 EMD GP-10 Scrapped 2019 due to many issues.
782 C&EI GP7 Vintage Locomotives Inc.; still on BR&W property
820 ERIE NW-2 Miller Mining Co.
1540 P&LE SW1500 JLCX; traded for JLCX 1256 (BDRV 1206)
1554 CNJ RS-3 Anthracite Railroads Historical Society; Leased to the Delaware-Lackawanna.
1848 Bangor & Aroostook GP9 Winchester & Western #576
4666 PRR Doodlebug Privately owned; brought to Allentown & Auburn Railroad on 4/17/2016. Currently in operation as of late summer 2016.
7079 U.S. Army 65-Ton Privately owned, New Castle, DE

Former Leased and Other LocomotivesEdit

Number Heritage Model Leased or on BR&W tracks Owner Notes
412 B&O VO-1000 Late 1990s to the early 2000s SMS Lines Stored on Flemington Branch
418 NJT F3 Late 1990s to 2015 URHS left in 2015
436 Erie SW9 2012-2015 URHS left in 2015
475 Nickel Plate Road GP9 Late 1990s Winchester and Western Worked Bel-Del Freight
732 NYC GP9 Late 1990s Winchester and Western Worked Bel-Del Freight, Bought in 2018
1523 CNJ GP9 Mid 1990s to early 2000s URHS Restored at Ringoes and operated on the Flemington Branch
1524 CNJ GP9 Late 90' URHS Restored at Ringoes
1712 Clinchfield GP16 2012 Everett Railroad Leased for Bel-Del Santa Train
7000 PRR GP9 Late 1990s URHS Restored in Ringoes

Former Passenger EquipmentEdit

Number Heritage Disposition Notes
99 LIRR Sold in 1983, Stored in Minerva, OH Jamaica
100 Belfast & Moosehead Lake Sold to the New Hope & Ivyland railroad, scrapped in 2015 after vandalization of the car and structure collapse. Wooden Car. Baggage R.P.O. Car
101 Bangor & Aroostook Wooden Car. Combine
102 Bangor & Aroostook Wooden Car. Combine
103 DL&W Disintegrated along the New Hope & Ivyland at Wycombe, PA, scrapped mid 1990s.[17] Wooden Car. Coach
104 Philadelphia & Reading Out of Service at the Connecticut Eastern Railway Museum.[17] Wooden Car. Coach
105 Canadian Northern Wooden Car. Business Car
106 DL&W Wooden Car. Office Car
301 DL&W Out of Service in the early 1990s, Scrapped 2006.[18] Steel "Boonton" Car, In service by 1972. Originally DL&W 600. Open-Air Car built from Coach.[8]
311 Erie Out of service mid 1970s, scrapped. Steel "Stillwell" Car, In service by 1966.[19] Open-Air Car built from Coach.[8]
312 Erie Out of Service in the mid 1970s, on display in Whitehouse, NJ. Steel "Stillwell" Car, In service by 1968.
313 Erie Out of Service in the mid 1970s, on display in Whitehouse, NJ. Steel "Stillwell" Car, In service by 1968.
321 CNJ Out of Service 1990s, Scrapped 2006.[18] Steel CNJ Coach. Acquired from CNJ in 1967, in service 1968.[8] Original number 1135. Converted to a control car for the 4666 (Doodlebug) by early 1980s.
492 Canadian National Out of Service by 2000s, Scrapped 2006.[18] Acquired early 1990s, in service by 1995. Originally numbered 4996. Was supposed to be BR&W 492, unknown if ever renumbered.
4907 Canadian National To New Hope & Ivyland by 2001.[20] Acquired early 1990s, in service by 1993.[14] Originally numbered 4907. Was BR&W 493 on paper, never renumbered on car.
700 Pennsylvania Railroad To New York State in 1976, now part of a diner in Somerset, MA.[21] Pullman Parlor Car No. 7002 built for the PRR in 1912, was used on the Broadway Limited.[21]
1324 CNJ Sold to Green Mountain Railroad, remains on the Bel-Del near Holland, NJ. Round Roof CNJ Coach. Acquired from NJ Transit in 1984.
2004 LIRR New Hope, PA Syosset

Former Rolling StockEdit

Number Heritage Type Disposition Notes
11 ? Crane Car Scrapped by 2017 Original BR&W piece
193 LIRR Rotary Snow Plow Steamtown N.H.S

Former CaboosesEdit

Number Heritage Disposition Notes
1 DL&W Went to Morristown and Erie Currently at Whippany Railroad Museum
20 ? ? Was MOW
34 RDG On Display in Stroudsburg, PA
35 ? ?
474 NYC Sold around 2014
C-2440 B&O Sold 2018
01422 DRGW Sold 2018

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Belvidere & Delaware River". Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Black River and Western Railroad". New Jersey's Great Northwestern Skylands.
  3. ^ "BLACK RIVER RAILROAD HISTORICAL TRUST INC | Open990". www.open990.org. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Black River Railroad Historic Trust". HUNTERDON COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Black River & Western opening more track for Tourist Trains". www.rypn.org. Railway Preservation News. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Lambertville Service". BR&W Railroad. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  7. ^ "Black River combine 297 (CNJ)". www.rrpicturearchives.net. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The Story Behind The John L Bishop". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  9. ^ "Black River & Western Railroad | Flemington, NJ". Black River & Western Railroad | Flemington, NJ. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  10. ^ American Experience | The Great War: Part 1 | Season 29 | Episode 8, retrieved 2020-12-06
  11. ^ "Coach 1009". Black River & Western Railroad. Archived from the original on 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  12. ^ a b "Great Northern Archive - Streamlined roster". gnarchive.com. Retrieved 2017-11-02.
  13. ^ a b "Great Northern Empire - Then and Now". www.greatnorthernempire.net. Retrieved 2017-11-02.
  14. ^ a b c crazyhippiejoe (2008-12-31), Black River and Western Railroad Steam Locomotive #60 Part 9, retrieved 2016-11-30
  15. ^ Vogel, Bob. "Mack critter". www.rrpicturearchives.net. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  16. ^ "148 History". Sugar Express. US Sugar. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Railway Preservation News • View topic - Ex Black River & Western Wood & Diner Cars". www.rypn.org. Retrieved 2016-06-23.
  18. ^ a b c BRRHT Meeting Minutes 09-03-05
  19. ^ "Springer-East3-06-15". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  20. ^ "The Official Black River & Western RR Pages". 1999-11-09. Archived from the original on November 9, 1999. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  21. ^ a b "Railway Preservation News • View topic - Ex Black River & Western Wood & Diner Cars". www.rypn.org. Retrieved 2016-11-30.