Bjarni Benediktsson (born 1908)

Bjarni Benediktsson (30 April 1908 – 10 July 1970) was an Icelandic politician of the Independence Party who served as prime minister of Iceland from 1963 to 1970. His father, Benedikt Sveinsson [is] (1877–1954), was a leader in the independence movement in Iceland and a member of the Althingi from 1908 to 1931.

Bjarni Benediktsson
Bjarni Benediktsson 1908.jpg
13th Prime Minister of Iceland
In office
14 November 1963 – 10 July 1970
PresidentÁsgeir Ásgeirsson
Kristján Eldjárn
Preceded byÓlafur Thors
Succeeded byJóhann Hafstein
In office
8 September 1961 – 31 December 1961
Acting
PresidentÁsgeir Ásgeirsson
Preceded byÓlafur Thors
Succeeded byÓlafur Thors
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
4 February 1947 – 11 September 1953
Prime MinisterStefán Jóhann Stefánsson
Ólafur Thors
Steingrímur Steinþórsson
Preceded byÓlafur Thors
Succeeded byKristinn Guðmundsson
Personal details
Born(1908-04-30)30 April 1908
Reykjavík, Iceland
Died10 July 1970(1970-07-10) (aged 62)
Þingvellir, Iceland
Political partyIndependence
Alma materUniversity of Iceland

Bjarni studied constitutional law and became a professor at the University of Iceland at age 24. He was elected to the city council in Reykjavík in 1934 as a member of the Independence Party and from 1940 to 1947 was mayor of the city.

Bjarni (right) with Prime Minister of Israel Levi Eshkol in 1964.

In 1947 he became Foreign Minister and served in various posts in cabinets until 1956. Bjarni was mainly responsible for Iceland joining NATO in 1949, against significant opposition, and for giving the United States Air Force a lease on Keflavík Airport near Reykjavík, which was of major strategic importance during the Cold War.[1]

Bjarni was caricatured by the Nobel prize winning writer Halldór Laxness in his 1948 play Atómstöðin (The Atom Station).[1]

In 1956, when the left-wing parties formed a coalition government, Bjarni, out of office, became editor of Morgunblaðið, a leading conservative newspaper.

In 1959, when the Independence Party formed a coalition government with the Social Democrats, Bjarni became Minister of Justice. He served as speaker of the Althing in 1959.[2] Two years later he was elected chairman of the Independence Party and in 1963 he took over from Ólafur Thors as Prime Minister. He served in this position until his death, which was caused by a fire at a government summer house at Þingvellir; his wife and grandson also perished in the blaze.

Bjarni was the father of Björn Bjarnason and Valgerður Bjarnadóttir, as well as the father-in-law of Vilmundur Gylfason. Bjarni was the great-uncle of his namesake Bjarni Benediktsson, who became Prime Minister in January 2017.

ReferencesEdit

  • "Bjarni Benediktsson". Althingi (Icelandic Parliament) (in Icelandic).
  1. ^ a b Williams, Moray (11 July 1970). "A Premier Dies, with wife and grandson, in fire". The Guardian. London. p. 3. ProQuest 185405902.Subscription or UK public library membership required
  2. ^ "Þingmenn". Alþingi.

Further readingEdit

  • "Minning látinna manna". Althingi (Icelandic Parliament) (in Icelandic). Text of a speech in the Icelandic parliament by Sigurvin Einarsson on 10 October 1970, commemorating Bjarni
Political offices
Preceded by Minister for Foreign Affairs
1947–1953
Succeeded by
Prime Minister of Iceland
1963–1970
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Independence Party
1963–1970
Succeeded by