Bitra, also known as Bitrā Par, is a coral atoll belonging to the Amindivi Subgroup of islands of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India.[3] It is 483 km (300 mi) west of the city of Kochi.

Bitra is located in India
Location of Bitra in Lakshadweep
LocationArabian Sea
Coordinates11°33′N 72°09′E / 11.550°N 72.150°E / 11.550; 72.150
Typecoral atoll
Adjacent toIndian Ocean
Total islands2
Major islands
  • Bitra
  • South Cay
Area0.187 km2 (0.072 sq mi)[1]
Highest elevation2 m (7 ft)
TerritoryUnion territory of Lakshadweep
Island groupAminidivi
Tehsils of IndiaAminidivi
Subdivisions of IndiaBitra
Population278 (2016)
Pop. density1,570/km2 (4070/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsMalayali, Mahls
Additional information
Time zone
Telephone code04890
ISO codeIN-LD-07[2]
Avg. summer temperature32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature28.0 °C (82.4 °F)
Sex ratio57%/


Prior to the 20th century, islanders from Kiltan and Chetlat visited the island to collect the eggs of pelagic birds breeding there. Until 1945, when a woman from Chetlat made this island her home, there were no attempts to settle this island permanently.[4] There is a small shrine dedicated to an old Arab saint by the name of Malik Mulla who was buried on the island. The shrine has become a pilgrimage site.[5]


The atoll of Bitra encompasses two islands. The main Bitra Island 0.177 km2 (0.068 sq mi) is located at the northern end of the Bitrā Par coral reef 11°35′53″N 72°11′13″E / 11.598°N 72.187°E / 11.598; 72.187.[6] The small south cay 0.009 km2 (0.0035 sq mi)is located on the southern part of the coral reef 11°31′26″N 72°10′34″E / 11.524°N 72.176°E / 11.524; 72.176. Bitra is the smallest of the populated islands of Lakshadweep. It is located 33 km to the north of Perumal Par and 41 km to the southeast of Byramgore Reef.[7] The Bitra Par lagoon area is 54.61 km2 (21.09 sq mi).


The 2011 census determined that 271 people made this island their home, making it the least populated among the inhabited islands in Lakshadweep.[8]


The atoll belongs to the township of Bitra of Aminidivi Tehsil.[9]


The main island has a small jetty on the south shore and a helipad on the westpoint.


The inhabitants on the island are engaged in very small scale farming and fishing which are mainly for the island consumption.

Image galleryEdit


  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Lakshadweep. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2016.
  2. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. ^ Hydrographic Description (Indian Ocean Pilot)
  4. ^ "Bitra Island, Lakshadweep". Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  5. ^ "MGNREGS - Bitra Island" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Oceandots - Bitrā Par". Archived from the original on 23 December 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  7. ^ Birds of Lakshadweep Islands
  8. ^ "Lakshadweep - Five Year Plan". Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  9. ^ Tehsils info

External linksEdit