Bissau Cathedral

Bissau Cathedral (Portuguese: Catedral de Bissau), also known as Sé Catedral de Nossa Senhora da Candelária (Cathedral of Our Lady of Candelaria) is a Catholic cathedral in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. It is the centre of the Catholic Church in Guinea-Bissau.[1] The cathedral is the seat of Diocese of Bissau, which was created in 1977.[2] Situated in the downtown area of Bissau, it is noted for its function as a lighthouse.[1][3] Services are held in Portuguese language.[4]

Bissau Cathedral
Catedral de Bissau (1).jpg
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceImmediately subject to the Holy See
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusCathedral
Year consecrated1954
StatusActive
Location
LocationBissau, Guinea-Bissau
Geographic coordinates11°51′36″N 15°34′52″W / 11.86000°N 15.58111°W / 11.86000; -15.58111Coordinates: 11°51′36″N 15°34′52″W / 11.86000°N 15.58111°W / 11.86000; -15.58111
Architecture
Architect(s)João Simões, Galhardo Zilhão
StyleModern Neo-romantic
Groundbreaking1945
Completed1950
Spire height52 metres (171 ft)

HistoryEdit

The original church was built in medieval architectural style in 1935. Built in the same location, the current cathedral replaced the original church. The architects of the current cathedral were João Simões and Galhardo Zilhão. Construction began in 1945 and was completed in 1950. Later renovation is attributed to the architect Lucínio Cruz.[5] The cathedral has hosted numerous inauguration ceremonies. It was visited on 27 January 1990 by Pope John Paul II.[6] On 9 August 1998, Bishop Settimio Ferrazzetta gave a prominent speech at the cathedral, in which he denounced violence in the country;[2] he was buried in the cathedral upon his death, the following year.

Architecture and fittingsEdit

The building, set slightly away from the avenue, is square in form. Its architectural style is characterized as "modernized neo-romantic."[5] The cathedral is noted for its function as a lighthouse, with the light installed on its 36 metres (118 ft) high north tower. It has a steady green light (fl. 2s, ec . 7s) and is operational.[1] The light guides ships through the Geba River estuary to the Port of Bissau.[7] It is maintained by the Capitania dos Portos, Serviços de Marinha.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Boletim cultural da Guiné Portuguesa (in Portuguese). 6, No. 21-22. 1951.
  2. ^ a b Lobban, Richard Andrew; Mendy, Peter Michael Karibe (17 October 2013). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. Scarecrow Press. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-8108-8027-6.
  3. ^ Rajewski, Brian; Gale Group (November 1998). Africa. Gale Research International, Limited. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-8103-7692-2.
  4. ^ Young, Margaret Walsh; Stetler, Susan L.; United States. Department of State (1985). Cities of the world : a compilation of current information on cultural, geograph. and polit. conditions in the countries and cities of 6 continents, based on the Dep. of State's "Post Reports". 1. Africa. – 1985. – 788 S. : Ill., Kt. Gale Research Co. p. 289.
  5. ^ a b "Cathedral Bissau, Guinea". Heritage of Portuguese Influence.
  6. ^ "Sé Catedral de Nossa Senhora da Candelária". Gcatholic.org. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  7. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Guinea-Bissau". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 31 May 2015.