Roman Catholic Diocese of Valence
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Valence (–Die–Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux) (Latin: Dioecesis Valentinensis (–Diensis–Sancti Pauli Tricastinorum); French: Diocèse de Valence (–Die–Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux) is a diocese of the Latin Church of the Roman Catholic Church in southern France. The contemporary diocese is co-extensive with the department of Drôme.
Diocese of Valence (–Die–Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux)
Dioecesis Valentinensis (–Diensis–Sancti Pauli Tricastinorum)
Diocèse de Valence (–Die–Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux)
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Lyon|
|Area||6,522 km2 (2,518 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2014)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral Basilica of St. Apollinaris of Valence|
|Patron saint||St. Apollinaris of Valence|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Philippe Barbarin|
|Bishops emeritus||Didier-Léon Marchand Bishop Emeritus (1978-2001)|
|Website of the Diocese|
The Cathedral of Valence was originally dedicated to Saints Cornelius and Cyprianus (Bishops of Rome and of Carthage, both mid-third century martyrs), but in 1095, during his visit to France to rouse up the aristocracy for a Crusade to liberate the Holy Land, Pope Urban II rededicated the cathedral to Saint Apollinaris, one of Valence's sixth century bishops. The Cathedral had fourteen Canons, including a Dean, a Provost, the Archdeacon, a Theologian, and the Abbot of S. Felix.
In the Great Western Schism (1378–1417), the Bishops of Valence-et-Die were all appointed by and were loyal to the Popes of the Avignon Obedience.
Pope Pius VI, who had been taken prisoner and deported from Italy by troops of the French Directory, was imprisoned in the fortress of Valence. After six weeks he died there, on 29 August 1799. His body was buried in the chapel, and a month later, on First Consul Napoleon's orders, given a public funeral and buried in the town cemetery.
- Aemilianus (347–374)
- Sextius (374–?)
- Maximus I (400–419)
- Cariatho (c. 442)
- Apollinaris (?–520)
- Gallus (549)
- Maximus II. (567–581)
- Raynoalde (Romuald) (581 and 585)
- Elephas I. (?–641)
- Agilulf (641–?)
- Waldus (?–650)
- Ingildus (Angilde) (ca. 650–658)
- Abbo (678–?)
- Salvius I. (68?)
- Antonius I.
- Bonit (ca. 788)
- Salvius II. (Carolingian)
- Luperosus (Lupicinus) (804–?)
- Antonie II. ?–?
- Elephas II. ?–?
- Lambert I. (?–835)
- Ado (835–842)
- Dunctrannus ?–?
- Eilard ?–?
- Brokhard ?–?
- Argimbert ?–?
- Agilde (?–858)
- Ratbert (Robert) (858–879)
- Isaak II. (886–889)
- Imericus (?–907)
- Remegarius ( before 909 – after 924)
- Odilbert (947–950)
- Aimon (960–981)
- Guigues (Guy) I. (994–997)
- Lambert II. (997–1001)
1000 to 1300Edit
- Remegaire II. (1001–1016)
- Guigues II. (1016–1025)
- Humbert d´Albon (1028–1030)
- Ponç Adhemar (1031–1056)
- Odo I. (1058–1060)
- Raiginari (1060–1063)
- Gontard (1063–1100)
- Henric I. (1100–1107)
- Eustache (1107–1141)
- Jean I (1141–1146)
- Bernard (1146–1154)
- Odo II.de Crussol (1154–1183)
- Lantelm (1183–1187)
- Falco (1187–1200)
- Humbert de Miribel (1200–1220)
- Gerald of Lausanne (1220–1225)
- Guillaume de Savoie Bishop-elect (9 October 1225 – 4 June 1239) (elected to Liège)
- Bonifatius of Savoy(1239–1242) (elected Archbishop of Canterbury on 1 February 1241)
- Philip of Savoy Administrator (Procurator) (1242–1267)
- Guy III. de Montlaur (1268)
- Bertrand de St. Martin (1268–1272)
- Guy III. de Montlaur (1272–1274)
1300 to 1500Edit
- Adhemar de la Voulte (1331–1336)
- Henri de Villars (1336–1342)
- Pierre de Chastelux (1342–1350)
- Godofred (1350–1354)
- Louis de Villars (1354–1376)
- Guillaume de la Voulte (1 June 1379 – 1383) (appointed by Clement VII of the Avignon Obedience)
- Amadeus de Saluzzo (1383–1389)
- Henri II (1389–1390)
- Jean de Poitiers (1390–1448)
- Louis of Poitiers (26 July 1447 – 26 April 1468)
- Gerard de Crussol (13 May 1468 – 28 August 1472)
- Jacques de Bathernay (1472–1474)
- Antoine de Balzac (1474–1491)
- Jean d'Épinay (16 November 1491 – 3 January 1503)
1500 to 1800Edit
- Cardinal Francisco Lloris y de Borja (1503–1505) Administrator
- Urbain de Miolan (1505)
- Gaspard de Tournon (13 February 1505 – 1520)
- Cardinal Jean de Lorraine (1520–1522)
- Antoine Duprat (1522–1524)
- François-Guillaume de Castelnau de Clermont-Lodève (1524–1531)
- Antoine de Vesc (1531–1537) (then Bishop of Castres)
- Jacques de Tournon (1537–1553) (then Bishop of Castres)
- Jean de Montluc (1553–1579)
- Charles I. de Leberon (1579–1598)
- Pierre-André de Leberon (1598–1621)
- Charles II. de Leberon (1621–1654)
- Daniel de Cosnac (1654–1687)
- Guillaume Bochart de Champigny (1687–1705)
- Jean de Catelan (1705 Appointed – Jan 1725 Died)
- Alexandre de Milon (1725–1771)
- Pierre-François de Grave (1771–1787)
- Gabriel-Melchior de Messey (1778–1791)
- Vacant (1795–1801)
- François Bécherel (5 Jul 1802 Appointed – 25 Jun 1815 Died)
- Marie-Joseph-Antoine-Laurent de la Rivoire de La Tourette (8 Aug 1817 Appointed – 3 Apr 1840 Died)
- Pierre Chatrousse (26 May 1840 Appointed – 17 May 1857 Died)
- Jean-Paul-François-Marie-Félix Lyonnet (24 Jun 1857 Appointed – 4 Dec 1864) Appointed Archbishop of Albi
- Nicolas-Edouard-François Gueullette (9 Dec 1864 Appointed – 7 Jan 1875 Resigned)
- Charles-Pierre-François Cotton (16 Jan 1875 Appointed – 25 Sep 1905 Died)
- Jean-Victor-Emile Chesnelong (21 Feb 1906 Appointed – 12 Jan 1912 Appointed, Archbishop of Sens (-Auxerre))
- Emmanuel-Marie-Joseph-Anthelme Martin de Gibergues (7 Feb 1912 Appointed – 28 Dec 1919 Died)
- Désiré-Marie-Joseph-Antelne-Martin Paget (22 Apr 1920 Appointed – 11 Jan 1932 Died)
- Camille Pic (16 Aug 1932 Appointed – 25 Nov 1951 Died)
- Joseph-Martin Urtasun (10 Aug 1952 Appointed – 17 Sep 1955 Appointed, Coadjutor Archbishop of Avignon)
- Charles-Marie-Paul Vignancour (18 Dec 1957 Appointed – 6 Mar 1966 Appointed, Coadjutor Archbishop of Bourges)
- Jean-Barthélemy-Marie de Cambourg (6 Mar 1966 Appointed – 1 Dec 1977 Resigned)
- Didier-Léon Marchand (8 Sep 1978 Appointed – 11 Dec 2001 Retired)
- Jean-Christophe André Robert Lagleize (11 Dec 2001 Appointed – 24 June 2014)
- Pierre-Yves Michel (4 Apr 2014 Appointed – present)
- "Diocese of Valence". Catholic Encyclopedia.
- Saint Jerome wrote that they had been martyred on the same day, September 14.
- Gallia christiana XVI, p. 291.
- Pietro Baldassari (1843). Relazione delle avversità e patimenti del glorioso Papa Pio VI, negli ultimi tre anni del suo pontificato (in Italian). Tomo IV. Modena: dalla reale tip. degli Eredi Soliani. pp. 284–292. Alexis Francois Artaud de Montor (1911). The Lives and Times of the Popes. New York: Catholic Publication Society of America. pp. 304–310.
- Duchesne, p. 222, pointing out the geographical problems associated with Aemilianus' activity. Duchesne also remarks that Aemilianus cannot be called the first Bishop of Valence, just the first bishop of whom we have information. Chevalier, Notice chronologique, p. 2.
- Apollinaris was the brother of Bishop Avitus of Vienne, who consecrated him: Danuta Shanzer; Ian Wood (2002). Avitus of Vienne. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. pp. vii, 3–9, 243–258. ISBN 978-0-85323-588-0.
- Ingildus took part in the Council of Chalons in 650. Chevalier, Notice chronologique, p. 4. Hefele, IV, pp. 463–465.
- Bonit attended the Council of Narbonne in 788 (or 791). Gallia christiana XVI, p. 296. Hefele, Histoire III.2, pp. 1024–1027. J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio Tomus XIII (Florence 1767), p. 823 (in Latin).
- Dubious, according to Gallia christiana XVI, p. 296, depending on an unlikely emendation of a text, which says that he was coming from Aquitaine to the Imperial Treasury when he was martyred (maybe at Valence).
- Luperosus was present at an assembly summoned by Charlemagne in 804, at which Pope Leo III was in attendance. This is the only surviving reference to Luperosus. Chevalier Notice chronologique, p. 4. Catellan, p. 360. Gallia christiana XVI, p. 296.
- Only his name is known.
- Gallia christiana XVI, pp. 298–299.
- Humbert had been Prior of the Chartreuse of Silve-Bénite. He was confirmed in his regalian rights by the German King Philip of Swabia on 26 January 1205. Chevalier, Notice, p. 8. Castellan, pp. 319–322.
- Gerard had been Abbot of Cluny.
- Eubel, I, p. 301. J. Chevalier (1889), pp. 131–141. Gallia christiana XVI, pp. 312–314; III, pp. 885–886. On 28 June 1238, Guillaume was elected Bishop of Liège by some of the Canons, but there was litigation; Pope Gregory IX ruled that he could have Liège once he was consecrated a bishop. He was ordered to come to Rome, but he died, possibly poisoned, on 3 October 1239.
- Brother of Bishop-elect Guillaume, seventh son of Thomas, Count of Savoy. Chevalier, p. 9.
- Brother of Bishop-elect Guillaume, and Bishop Boniface of Savoy. He was never consecrated, and finally married. Chevalier, p. 9.
- Guy de Montlaur was elected by the Dean of the Cathedral and two abbots, those of Saint-Felix and Bourg-lez-Valence, but Pope Clement IV quashed the irregular election on 6 October 1268. Chevalier, p. 9. Eubel, p. 513, note 4.
- Bertrand was elected by the Canons of the Cathedral; he was already Bishop of Avignon Gallia christiana XVI, pp. 315–316.
- Guy was elected by the Canons, and the election was approved by Pope Gregory X on 6 August 1272. Gallia christiana XVI, p. 316.
- Gallia christiana XVI, Instrumenta pp. 120–122 (Gregory X, 25 September 1275). Bishop Amadeus of Geneva, Bishop of Die, had died on 22 January 1276, putting the union into effect.
- Amadeus was the son of Artaud of Rousillon, and the brother of Aymar, the Archbishop of Lyon (1273-1283). Amadeus had been Abbot of Savignac in the diocese of Lyon. He died in Die of a tertian fever on 17 September 1281. Chevalier, Jules (1890). Amédée de Roussillon, Évêque de Valence Et de Die, 1276-1281. Étude Historique (in French).
- Known only from a reference in a document of Bishop Guillaume de Rousillon: Chevalier, Notice chronologique, p. 10. Ulysse Chevalier (1868). Documents inédits relatifs au Dauphiné: Les Cartulaires de lʹéglise et de la ville de Die, le nécrologe de Saint-Robert-de-Cornillon, un hagiologe et deux chroniques de Vienne, une chronique des Évêques de Valence, le cartulaire dauphinois de l'Abbaye de St.-Chaffre, les pouillés des diocèses de Vienne, Valence, Die et Grenoble, édité par les soins de M. l'Abbé C.-U.-J. Chevalier (in French and Latin). Grenoble: Imprimerie de Prudhomme. p. 133.
- Eubel, I, p. 513, note 7.
- Abbot of S. Secanus
- Guillaume del Roussillon was nephew (on his father's side) of Bishop Amadeus of Roussillon as well as nephew (on his mother's side) of the Dauphin Humbertus I. Chevalier, Documents inédits relatifs au Dauphiné (1868), p. 137.
- Ademar had been Bishop of Viviers when elected to Valence; after five years at Valence, he exchanged Valence with Bishop Henri de Villars, his successor at Viviers. Chevalier, Notice, pp. 10–11.
- Formerly Bishop of Viviers (1331–1336). Eubel, I, p. 533.
- Pierre de Chastelux had been appointed Abbot of Cluny by Pope John XXII in 1322. Prosper Lorain (1845). Histoire de l'Abbaye de Cluny, depuis sa fondation jusqu'à la destruction à l'époque de la Révolution Française: avec pièces justificatives, contenant de nombreux fragments de la correspondance de Pierre-Le-Vénérable et de Saint Bernard (in French) (2nd ed.). Paris: Sagnier et Bray. pp. 201–205.
- Guillaume de la Voulte had been Archbishop of Marseille from 9 December 1368: Eubel, I, p. 330. He had been in Rome with Gregory XI (Pierre Roger de Beaufort), and had participated in the Conclave of April 1378 as one of the Custodians of the Conclave. Shortly after the election of Urban VI on 9 April 1378, he appointed Guillaume to Valence-et-Die (April 28). But when Clement VII was elected on 20 September 1378, Guillaume resigned the See, and was then appointed Bishop of Valence-et-Die. Clearly he had repudiated Urban VI's election. Gallia christiana XVI, pp. 326–327.
- Eubel, II, p. 262.
- Gerard de Crussol had been Bishop of Tours, from 9 June 1466: Eubel, II, p. 258. In 1468 he also became Abbot-General of the Order of S. Ruf: Gallia christiana XIV, p. 130. He was appointed Patriarch of Antioch on 4 December 1471: Eubel, II, p. 89.
- Bathernay may have died of the plague. Jules Chevalier, "Mémoirs pour servir à l'histoire des comtés de Valentinois et de Diois," Société d'archéologie et de statistique de la Drôme, Valence (1902). Bulletin d'archéologie et de statistique de la Drôme (in French). 36. pp. 10–11.
- On 30 November 1374, King Louis XI granted the Cathedral Chapter permission to proceed to the election of a bishop, and to cast their ballots for Antoine de Balzac, Abbot of Sainte-Marie de Gimont in the diocese of Auch. Chevalier, "Mémoirs", p. 11.
- Eubel, II, p. 262.
- Eubel, III, p. 326, note 2. Gallia christiana XVI, p. 331, certainly rejects the idea that he was Bishop of Valence. He never visited Valence, he was never enthroned. There is no positive evidence that he was ever consecrated a bishop. He was present in Rome for the Conclave of 16–22 September 1503, and for the Conclave of 31 October–1 November 1503. He died on 22 July 1506.
- Urbain was elected at Romans by several Canons on 27 January 1505, was approved by the Vicar-General of Vienne, and took possession on 17 February, but he did not have the approval of the King of France, Louis XII, and was forced to yield. Chevalier, Notice, pp. 12–13.
- Eubel, II, p. 262; III, p. 326..
- Jean de Lorraine was only twenty years old when appointed. Under the terms of the Concordat of Bologna of 1516, the King of France had the right to nominate all French bishops except three. Jean received papal approval from Leo X (Medici) on 21 April 1521, though he had to grant a pension of 1,500 ducats a year to Cardinal Giulio de' Medici out of his episcopal income. His successor at Valence was granted papal approval from Adrian VI on 11 January 1523. Eubel, III, p. 326 and n. 4.
- Duprat was Doctor in utroque iure, First President of the Parliament of Paris (1508), and then Chancellor of France (1515). He was named Archbishop of Sens on 20 March 1525, though there is no evidence of his ever having been consecrated bishop. He was created a cardinal in 1527. Peter G. Bietenholz and Thomas Brian Deutscher, ed. (2003). Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation. University of Toronto Press. pp. 412–413. ISBN 978-0-8020-8577-1. François Albert-Buisson (1935). Le chancelier Antoine Duprat (in French). Paris: Hachette.
- Monluc was declared a heretic and deprived of his benefices, including the Bishopric of Valence-and-Die, on 11 October 1566 by Pope Pius V (Michele Ghislieri, O.P.).: Eubel, III, p. 326, note 11. The King of France refused to allow the decrees to be published in France.
- Charles de Leberon was a nephew of Jean de Montluc. Gustave de Rivoire de La Bâtie (1867). Armorial du Dauphiné (in French). Lyon: Perrin. p. 268.
- Pierre-André was the nephew of Charles de Leberon. He was provided on 17 August 1598. Bergin, p. 629.
- Daniel de Cosnac had been First Gentleman of the Chamber of the Prince de Conti. He was named by Cardinal Mazarin to be BIshop of Valence on 24 June 1654. He was promoted to the See of Aix on 9 November 1693; he died in 1708: Ritzler, V, p. 93. Daniel de Cosnac (1852). Cosnac, Jules de (Comte) (ed.). Mémoires de Daniel de Cosnac (in French). Tome premier. Paris: J. Renouard et cie., especially pp. xxviii–lxxvii.
- Guillaume Borchart (or Borchard) was a Doctor of Theology (Paris) and had been Canon and Archdeacon of Rouen, and Grand Vicar of Pontoise. His father had been a royal Intendent in the Limousin. Chevalier, Notice p. 10.
- Bishop de Messey fled to London. He was one of the bishops who refused to resign in 1801 at the request of Pope Pius VII: Mémoire des évêques françois résidens à Londres, qui n'ont pas donné leur démission. [Second edition.] (in French). London: Cox, Fils, et Baylis. 1802. p. 72.
- On 21 February 1791, Marbos, curate of Bourg-lez-Valence, was elected Constitutional Bishop of the new diocese of Drôme. He was a member of the Convention, and voted against the execution of Louis XVI. He was imprisoned under the Terror, and thereafter refused to have anything to do with the Government's 'church'. In 1819 he retracted his apostasy, and died in communion with Rome on 27 February 1825. Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802) (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 334–335.
- Aymar d'Arlot comte de Saint Saud (1906). Armorial des prélatas français du XIXe siècle. Paris: H. Daragon. p. 183.
- Chartrousse was named by royal ordonnance of King Louis-Philippe on 26 May 1840, and approved by Gregory XVI on 13 July. He had previously been Vicar-General of Grenoble.
- Lionnet had been Bishop of St. Flour, 1851–1857.
Books and articlesEdit
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. pp. 648–649. (Use with caution; obsolete)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) pp. 512–513. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) p. 262. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) p. 326 (in Latin)
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 357. (in Latin)
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 403.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 430.
- Bergin, Joseph (1996). The Making of the French Episcopate, 1589-1661. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 629. ISBN 978-0-300-06751-4.
- Blanc, André (1984). La Cathédrale de Valence: témoin de l'humanité romane (in French). Valence: Editions peuple libre. pp. 28 ff.
- Catellan, Jean de (Bishop) (1724). Les antiquités de l'Eglise de Valence (in French). Valence: Jean Gilibert.
- Chevalier, C. U. J. (1867). Notice chronologico-historique sur les Evêques de Valence (in French). Valence: Jules Céas et fils.
- Chevalier, Jules (1889). Quarante années de l'histoire des évêques de Valence au Moyen Age: Guillaume et Philippe de Savoie 1226-1267 (in French). Paris: Picard.
- Delpal, Bernard (1989). Entre paroisse et commune: les catholiques de la Drôme au milieu du XIXe siècles (in French). Valence: Centre André-Latreille.
- Duchesne, Louis (1907). Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule: I. Provinces du Sud-Est. Paris: Fontemoing. second edition (in French) pp. 215–225.
- Ferragut, Catherine; Marcel, Régine; Delpal, Bernard (1982). La presse religieuse catholique du diocèse de Valence de 1892 à 1944 (in French). Valence: Archives départmentales, Centre de documentation universitaire.
- Halfond, Gregory I. (2010). "Appendix A. Frankish Councils, 511-768". Archaeology of Frankish Church Councils, AD 511-768. Boston-Leiden: Brill. pp. 223–246. ISBN 90-04-17976-3.
- Hauréau, Barthélemy, ed. (1865). Gallia Christiana: In Provincias Ecclesiasticas Distributa, De provincia Viennensi (in Latin). Tomus XVI. Paris: Typographia Regia. pp. 290–372.
- Hefele, Karl Joseph (1895). A History of the Councils of the Church, from the Original Documents. By the Right Rev. Charles Joseph Hefele ... Volume IV. A.D. 451-A.D. 680. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Hefele, Karl Joseph (1896). A History of the Councils of the Church, from the Original Documents. By the Right Rev. Charles Joseph Hefele ... Volume V. A.D. 626-A.D. 787. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Hefele, Karl Joseph (1907). Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux. Volume III. part 2 (A.D. 788-814). Paris: Letouzey et Ané.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Perrot, J. (1922). La basilique de Saint-Apollinaire: (cathédrale de Valence) (in French). Valence: J. Céas imp.
- Un Chanoine de la Cathédrale (1895). Histoire des séminaires du diocèse de Valence (in French). Valence: J. Céas & fils.
- Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français depuis le Concordat jusqu'à la Séparation (1802-1905). Paris: Librairie des Saints-Pères.
- G-Catholic, Diocese of Valence, retrieved: 2016-08-08.
- David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy, Diocese of Valence-Die-Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux), retrieved: 2016-08-08.