Roman Catholic Diocese of Teano

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The Diocese of Teano (Latin: Dioecesis Theanensis) was a Roman Catholic diocese in Italy, located in the city of Teano in the province of Caserta in Campania, Italy. In 1818, it was united the Diocese of Calvi Risorta to form the Diocese of Calvi e Teano. In 1986, the two dioceses were combined into one, with the seat of the bishop at Teano.

HistoryEdit

Teano is a former fief of the Gaetani. Its first bishop was supposedly Paris of Teano (d. 346), ordained by Pope Sylvester I; according to tradition, Saint Urbanus and Saint Amasius were bishops of Teano in the fourth century.[1]

Concordat of 1818Edit

Following the extinction of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, the Congress of Vienna authorized the restoration of the Papal States and the Kingdom of Naples. Since the French occupation had seen the abolition of many Church institutions in the Kingdom, as well as the confiscation of most Church property and resources, it was imperative that Pope Pius VII and King Ferdinand IV reach agreement on restoration and restitution. Ferdinand, however, was not prepared to accept the pre-Napoleonic situation, in which Naples was a feudal subject of the papacy. Lengthy, detailed, and acrimonious negotiations ensued.

In 1818, a new concordat with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies committed the pope to the suppression of more than fifty small dioceses in the kingdom. The ecclesiastical province of Naples was spared from any suppressions, but the province of Capua was affected. Pope Pius VII, in the bull "De Utiliori" of 27 June 1818, chose to unite the two dioceses of Calvi and Teano under the leadership of one bishop, aeque principaliter, that is, one and the same bishop was bishop of both dioceses at the same time.[2]

Diocese of Teano-CalviEdit

On 18 February 1984, the Vatican and the Italian State signed a new and revised concordat, which was accompanied in the next year by enabling legislation. According to the agreement, the practice of having one bishop govern two separate dioceses at the same time, aeque personaliter, was abolished. Otherwise Calvi and Teano might have continued to share a bishop. Instead, the Vatican continued consultations which had begun under Pope John XXIII for the merging of small dioceses, especially those with personnel and financial problems, into one combined diocese. On 30 September 1986, Pope John Paul II ordered that the dioceses of Calvi and Teano be merged into one diocese with one bishop, with the Latin title Dioecesis Theanensis-Calvensis. The seat of the diocese was to be in Teano, and the cathedral of Teano was to serve as the cathedral of the merged diocese. The cathedral in Calvi was to become a co-cathedral, and its cathedral Chapter was to be a Capitulum Concathedralis. There was to be only one diocesan Tribunal, in Teano, and likewise one seminary, one College of Consultors, and one Priests' Council. The territory of the new diocese was to include the territory of the former dioceses of Calvi and of Teano.[3]

Bishops of TeanoEdit

to 1300Edit

Paris (c. 314–346)[4]
Amasius (c. 346–355)[5]
Urbanus[6]
  • Quintus (c. 499)[7]
...
  • Domninus (ca. 555–560)[8]
...
Maurus ? ( ? )[9]
...
  • Lupus, O.S.B. (d. 860)[10]
  • Hilarius, O.S.B. (860–after 867)[11]
  • Stephanus (attested in 868)[12]
  • Leo (879, 887/888)[13]
  • Angelarius, O.S.B. (ca. 886–889)[14]
...
  • Landus (attested 987)[15]
...
  • Sandarius (c. 1004–1009)[16]
...
  • Arduinus (attested 1059)[17]
...
  • Pandulfus, O.S.B. (attested 1122)[18]
  • Petrus (ca. 1171–1192)[19]
  • Theodinus (1193–1227)[20]
  • Roffredus (attested 1229–1239)[21]
  • Hugo
  • Guilelmus
  • Nicolaus

since 1300Edit

  • Adenulfus (c. 1305)[22]
  • Giffredus de Gallutio
  • Petrus
  • Homodeus
  • Bartholomaeus (1348–1353)[23]
  • Marinus de Judice (1353–1361)[24]
  • Joannes Mutio (1361–1363)
  • Francesco de Messana, O.P. (1363–1369)
  • Thomas de Porta (1369–1382)[25]
  • Alexander
  • Antonius (attested 1383–1393) Roman Obedience
  • Joannes de Ebulo ( –1388) Avignon Obedience
  • Nicolaus Diano (1393–1412) Roman Obedience
Gasparus de Diano (1412–1418)[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Umberto Benigni (1908). "Diocese of Calvi and Teano". In: The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved: 11 October 2019.
  2. ^ Bullarii Romani continuatio, Summorum Pontificum Clementis XIII, Clementis XIV, Pii VI, Pii VII, Leonis XII Gregorii XVI constitutiones... (in Latin). Vol. Tomus decimus quintus (15). Rome: typographia Reverendae Camerae Apostolicae. 1853. pp. 9, 57 § 6.
  3. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis 79 (Città del Vaticano 1987), pp. 674-676.
  4. ^ According to his hagiographical Life, Paris of Athens was the first bishop of Teano, and he was consecrated by Pope Sylvester I (314–335). He killed a dragon, which the citizens of Teano kept; he was therefore put in prison and condemned to be eaten by a bear; but the bear humbly licked him, and people were converted to Christianity. He died c. 346. Ughelli, p. 589. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 1: "I citati documenti agiografici, che ne fanno menzione, possono risalire al vi secolo." Kehr, p. 255, points out that Paris is not commemorated in the martyrologies until the 16th century: "Sed acta eius ex lectionario quodam Teanensis ecclesiae hausta recentiora certe sunt; neque enim. s. Paris commemoratur in martyrologiis generalibus ante saec. XVI.'
  5. ^ According to his hagiographical Life, Amasius, a Greek who was fleeing the persecution of the Emperor Constantius, was the second bishop of Teano, and he was consecrated by Pope Julius I (337–352) in Rome in the Basilica of the XII Apostles. The Basilica, however, was built by Pope Pelagius I in the 6th century. Amasius died after 355. Ughelli, pp. 589-591. Cappelletti, pp. 197-198 (who places his death on 23 January 356). Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 2.
  6. ^ Urbanus, a native of Teano, had been the disciple and deacon of Bishop Amasius. He had been selected as bishop before Amasius, but he refused at the time. It is said that he visited many places in his dioceses and restored the dilapidated churches, revivifying the faith of the people. Ughelli, pp. 551. Cappelletti, p. 198. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 3.
  7. ^ Quintus attended the first Roman synod of Pope Symmachus in 499. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciloiorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus VIII (Florence: A. Zatta 1762), p. 235. Lanzoni, p. 186, no. 4.
  8. ^ Pope Pelagius I sent a mandate to Bishop Domninus: Paul Fridolin Kehr, Italia pontificia VIII: Regnum Normannorum—Campania(Berlin: Weidmann 1935), p. 256 no. 2.
  9. ^ The name MAVRVS EP appears on a fragment of a dedication. There is no mention of his diocese. Cappelletti, pp. 198-199.
  10. ^ Bishop Lupus (or Lupoaldus) is mentioned in Leo the Deacon, Chronicon Casinense, Book I, chapter 32. Ughelli, p. 551. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  11. ^ Bishop Hilarius had been a monk of Montecassino and a deacon, and was the immediate successor of Bishop Lupus. He consecrated a church for the Bishop of Capua in 867. Leo Marsicanus (1854). "Leonis Marsicani et Petri Diaconi, monachorum Casinensium" chronicon monasterii Casinensis et opuscula. Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CLXXIII (in Latin). Paris: Migne. p. 985. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  12. ^ Leo Marsicanus (1854). "Leonis Marsicani et Petri Diaconi, monachorum Casinensium" chronicon monasterii Casinensis et opuscula. Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CLXXIII (in Latin). Paris: Migne. p. 539. Ughelli, p. 551. Cappelletti, p. 199.
  13. ^ In 879, Pope John VIII wrote to Bishop Leo, in reply to his letter, about disorders in Campania over the election, confirmation, and installation of an archbishop. Pope Stephen V also wrote to Bishop Leo, in 887 or 888. Ughelli, p. 389. Kehr, p. 256 no. 3 and 5.
  14. ^ Angelarius had been a monk, Provost, and the 20th Abbot of Montecassino. He died on 5 December 889, according to Ughelli, p. 551-552. Cappelletti, p. 200.
  15. ^ Cappelletti, p. 200.
  16. ^ Pope John XVIII wrote to Bishop Sandarius (or Landoarius) determining parish boundaries. Cappelletti, p. 200. Kehr, p. 256, no. 6. The parish boundaries were confirmed by Pope Paschal II.
  17. ^ Arduinus was present at the Roman synod of Pope Nicholas II in 1059. Ughelli, p. 552.
  18. ^ Pope Calixtus II wrote to Pandulfus, asking him to influence Raonis to return property belonging to Monte Cassino. Kehr, p. 256 no. 8.
  19. ^ Pope Hadrian IV appointed two cardinals to settle a dispute in which Bishop Petrus was involved. Bishop Petrus was present at the Lateran Council of 1179. Petrus received a mandate from Pope Alexander III in 1180. Kehr, p. 257 no. 9 and 13.
  20. ^ Gams, p. 930. Pope Celestine III confirmed the boundaries of the diocese in a bull addressed to Bishop Theodinus on 29 September 1193. In 1197 Celestine III ordered the Archbishop of Naples to settle a dispute involving Bishop Peter; the settlement was ratified on 4 January 1197. Kehr, p. 258 no. 20; 259 no. 21. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, p. 480.
  21. ^ Roffredus died on 23 October 1239. Eubel I, p. 480.
  22. ^ Eubel I, p. 480.
  23. ^ Bishop Bartholomaeus was transferred to the diocese of Chieti. Eubel I, p. 480.
  24. ^ Marinus was transferred to Amalfi. Eubel, I, pp. 480–481.
  25. ^ Eubel, I, pp. 481 and 418. It appears that Bishop Thomas followed the Avignon Obedience and was replaced by Urban VI of the Roman Obedience with Bishop Jordanus. (transferred to Reggio)
  26. ^ Gasparus was only twenty-two when appointed by the deposed Gregory XII, too young to be consecrated a bishop. Eubel I, p. 481.
  27. ^ Eubel II, p. 249.
  28. ^ In 1469 Fortiguerra resigned the abbacy of S. Basilio de Cavata in the diocese of Parma, and in 1477 the monastery of S. Bartolommeo in the diocese of Ferrara. Nicolaus Fortiguerra was named a cardinal by Pope Pius II in his first Consistory on 5 March 1460. He died on 21 December 1473. Eubel II, p. 249.
  29. ^ Orsini had been Bishop of Tricarico from 1471 to 1474. Eubel II, p. 255.

BooksEdit

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StudiesEdit