Bishop of Sodor and Man
The Bishop of Sodor and Man is the Ordinary of the Diocese of Sodor and Man (Manx Gaelic: Sodor as Mannin) in the Province of York in the Church of England. The diocese only covers the Isle of Man. The Cathedral Church of St German where the bishop's seat is located, is in the town of Peel. St German's was elevated to cathedral status on 1 November 1980.
Bishop of Sodor and Man
|Residence||Thie yn Aspick, Douglas|
|Diocese||Sodor and Man|
|Cathedral||St German's, Peel|
The bishop is an ex officio member of the Legislative Council of the Isle of Man (the upper house of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man) and of Tynwald Court. The bishop's residence is Thie yn Aspick (Bishop's House), Douglas.
The right to appoint the Bishop of Sodor and Man is vested in the British crown; the Monarch acts, perhaps somewhat anomalously (in view of Man's status as a Crown Dependency), on the advice of the Prime Minister. However, unlike diocesan bishops in England, who are formally elected by the canons of the cathedral church in accordance with the monarch's congé d'elire, the Bishop of Sodor and Man is appointed directly by the monarch by letters patent.
The name "Sodor and Man" is from an earlier diocese which included not only the Isle of Man but also the Hebrides. The name for this whole area in the original Norse was Suðreyjar (Sudreys or "southern isles"). In Latin, the corresponding adjective was Sodorensis, later abbreviated in the English title as Sodor. In the Middle Ages, the diocese was considered part of Scotland, and was under the control of neither the Archbishop of York nor the Archbishop of Canterbury. During the Great Schism, the Pope created a different line of bishops in the southern part of the diocese which became part of the Church of England. An Act of Parliament in 1542, during the reign of King Henry VIII, included the diocese in the Province of York. The termination "and Man" appears to have been added in the 17th century, as later generations did not realise that "Sodor" originally included the Isle of Man. The designation "Sodor and Man" had become a fixture by 1684.
(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)
List of known Bishops of MannEdit
|Dates unknown||Germanus||See discussion of conflation of at least two men of similar names in medieval traditions in the Great Britain section of Germanus of Auxerre|
|fl. 498||St Maughold||Later, often Latinized as Machutus despite being unconnected with both St Mechyll and St Malo.|
|fl. 648||Saint Conanus|
|Dates unknown||Brandon of Man|
|Before 1079||Roolwer||Also called Rolf|
List of Bishops of Mann and the IslesEdit
The bishops of Mann and the Isles (Latin: Manniae et Insularum) were also styled bishops of Sodor (Old Norse: Suðreyjar; Latin: Sodoren; meaning Southern Isles, which comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man).
|1134–38 to c.1148||Wimund||Also known as Reymundus|
|1151 to 1154||John (I)||Formerly a monk of Sées, Normandy|
|c.1154 to bef.1166||Gamaliel|
|bef.1166 to c.1170||Reginald (I)|
|c.1170 to c.1190s||Christian||Either a native of Argyll (Latin: Ergadiensis) or of Orkney (Latin: Orcadensis)|
|1188–94 to 1203||Michael||Died in office|
|1210 to 1217||Nicholas|
|1217 to 1226||Reginald (II)|
|1219 to 1225–26||Nicholas de Meaux||Abbot of Furness|
|Until bef.1230||John (II), son of Hefar|
|1230 to 1248||Simon||Either a native of Argyll (Latin: Ergadiensis) or of Orkney (Latin: Orcadensis).|
|1248 to 1249||Laurence (bishop-elect)||Archdeacon of Man; shipwrecked and drowned on voyage from Norway before taking up the office|
|1249 to 1252||See vacant|
|1253 to 1274||Richard [de Natherton?]||Died in office.|
|1275||Gilbert (bishop-elect)||Elected, but not confirmed.|
|1275–76 to 1303||Mark||Marcus, Mauritius; a native of Galloway; promoted by Alexander III, King of Scotland; died in office|
|1303 to 1305||See vacant|
|1305 to 1321||Alan||Died in office|
|1321 to 1326–27||Gilbert Maclelan||Scottish Gaelic: Giolla-Brighde Mac Giolla-Faoláin; a native of Galloway; died in office|
|1327–28 to 1331||Bernard of Kilwinning||Abbot of Kilwinning, Scotland|
|1331||Cormac Cormacii (bishop-elect)||Scottish Gaelic: Cormac Mac Chormaic; elected before 6 July 1331, but was not confirmed.|
|1331 to 1348||Thomas de Rossy||Died in office|
|1349 to 1374||William Russell||Abbot of Rushen; died in office.|
|1374 to 1387||John Dongan||Lost control of the northern part of the see (the Scottish isles) in 1387, but retained the Isle of Man.|
List of Bishops of Sodor and ManEdit
|1387[clarification needed] to 1391||John Dongan||Translated to Derry and later to Down.|
|From 1392||John Sproten, O.Praed.||Dominican friar.|
|1402||Conrad, O.Cist.||Cistercian monk.|
|From 1402||Theodore Bloc, O.Crucif.||Monk of the Order of the Crucifers.|
|1410 to c.1429–33||Richard Payl, O.Praed.||Richard Pawlie, Payli, or Pully; Dominican friar; translated from Dromore.|
|From 1425–33||John Burgherlin||Burgherlinus, Burgherssh, Bourgherssh, or Burwais; Franciscan friar or Cluniac monk.|
|From 1435||John Seyre||John Feyre.|
|1455 to 1458||Thomas Burton, O.F.M.||Franciscan friar; died in office.|
|From 1458||Thomas Kirkham, O.Cist.||Abbot of Vale Royal, Cheshire; elected 21 June 1458|
|1478 to 1485/86||Richard Oldham, O.S.B.||Abbot of Chester (1455–1485); died 13 October 1485 or 19 September 1486|
|1487 to 1509||Huan Blackleach, O.S.A.||Austin friar.|
|From 1513||Huan Hesketh|
|From 1523||John Howden, O.Praed.||Dominican friar.|
|Until 1545||Thomas Stanley||Rector of Wigan; deprived|
|1546 to 1555–56||Henry Man||Dean of Chester; Royal Assent to election given by King Henry VIII on 22 January 1546.|
|1555–56 to 1568||Thomas Stanley||Rector of Winwick as well as Berwick; restored by Queen Mary; died in office.|
|1570 to 1573||John Salisbury||Former abbot of Titchfield Abbey; translated from Thetford. Nominated 27 March 1569|
|1573 to 1576||See vacant. According to John Le Neve, James Stanley held the see during that period but nothing further about him is known.|
|1576 to 1599||John Meyrick||John Merick, Mericke, or Merrick; Vicar of Hornchurch, Essex (1570–74); died in office|
|1599 to 1604||George Lloyd||(From 1600 according to Haydn); rector of Heswall, Lancashire; translated to Chester|
|1604 to 1633||John Phillips||John Philips; Archdeacon of Cleveland and Man; nominated by King James I 29 January 1604; consecrated 10 February 1604; judged the trial of the island's only Witchcraft execution in 1617; died in office|
|1634 or 1633, to 1635||William Forster||William Foster; Prebendary of Chester|
|1635 to 1643||Richard Parr||Rector of Lancashire; died in office|
|1643 to 1646||See vacant|
|1646 to 1660||See abolished (by Parliament on 9 October 1646.) during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate|
|1661 to 1663||Samuel Rutter||Archdeacon of Man|
|1663 to 1671||Isaac Barrow||Fellow of Eton College; translated to St Asaph in 1670 but held Sodor & Man in commendam until 1671|
|1671 to 1682||Henry Bridgeman||Dean of Chester|
|1682 to 1684||John Lake||Archdeacon of Cleveland; translated to Bristol|
|1684 to 1692||Baptist Levinz||Baptiste or Baptist Levinge; Prebendary of Winchester|
|1693 to 1697||See vacant|
|1697 or 1698, to 1755||Thomas Wilson||Of Trinity College, Dublin; died in office|
|1755 to 1773||Mark Hiddesley||Mark Hildesley; Vicar of Hitchin, Hertfordshire|
|1773 to 1780||Richard Richmond|
|1780 to 1783||George Mason||Died in office|
|1784 to 1813||Claudius Crigan|
|1813 or 1814, to 1827||George Murray||Translated to Rochester|
|1827 to 1838||William Ward||Died in office|
|1838 to 1839||James Bowstead||Translated to Lichfield|
|1839 or 1840, to 1841||Henry Pepys||Translated to Worcester|
|1841 to 1846||Thomas Vowler Short||Rector of St George's, Bloomsbury; translated to St Asaph|
|1846 to 1847||Walter Shirley||Died in office|
|1847 to 1854||Robert Eden||Translated to Bath & Wells|
|1854 to 1877||Horatio Powys||Rector of Warrington and rural dean; died in office|
|1877 to 1887||Rowley Hill||Canon of York; died in office|
|1887 to 1892||John Bardsley||Archdeacon of Warrington; translated to Carlisle|
|1892 to 1907||Norman Straton||Translated to Newcastle|
|1907 to 1911||Thomas Drury||Translated to Ripon|
|1911 to 1925||Denton Thompson|
|1925 to 1928||Charles Thornton-Duesbury|
|1928 to 1943||William Stanton Jones|
|1943 to 1954||John Taylor|
|1954 to 1966||Benjamin Pollard||Translated from Lancaster.|
|1966 to 1974||Eric Gordon|
|1974 to 1983||Vernon Nicholls|
|1983 to 1989||Arthur Attwell|
|1989 to 2003||Noël Jones||Formerly Archdeacon of the Royal Navy.|
|2003 to 2007||Graeme Knowles||Resigned on 1 October 2007 and became Dean of St Paul's, London.|
|2008 to 2016||Robert Paterson||Announced 8 February 2008; confirmed by Letters Patent, 18 April 2008; consecrated 25 April 2008 at York Minster; enthroned 14 June 2008 in St German's Cathedral at Peel; retired 11 November 2016.|
|2016 to 2017||Richard Blackburn, Bishop of Warrington||Acting bishop during vacancy.|
|From 2017||Peter Eagles||Previously Archdeacon of the Army; consecrated 22 June, and installed 30 September.|
In contrast with mainland dioceses, the Manx diocese seldom (if ever) has assistant bishops, whether full- or part-time, stipendiary or retired.
The Bishop of Sodor and Man is mentioned in the song "If you Want a Receipt for that Popular Mystery" sung by Colonel Calverley in the operetta Patience (1881) by Gilbert and Sullivan. The song lists the elements of a Heavy Dragoon, including "Style of the Bishop of Sodor and Man". The reference is to Rowley Hill (Bishop 1877-1887).
- "Eagles Peter Andrew". Crockford's Clerical Directory (online ed.). Church House Publishing. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Hill M. (2007), Ecclesiastical Law (3rd ed, Oxford), paras.4.57-4.59
- Gumbley, K F W (1994), Church Legislation in the Isle of Man, 3 Eccles. L.J. at p.294 
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 343. .
- Powicke Handbook of British Chronology 2nd ed. p. 254
- Lewis, Barry (2015-12-16). "St Mechyll of Anglesey, St Maughold of Man and St Malo of Brittany". Studia Celtica Fennica. 11 (2014): 24–38. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
- Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
- King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642-1649". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 83 (328): 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR 564164.
- "Diocese of Sodor and Man". 10 Downing Street. Archived from the original on 2008-04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- "No. 58678". The London Gazette. 24 April 2008. p. 6303.
- "York Minster—Services and events calendar". Dean and Chapter of York Minster. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- "Appointment of new Bishop of Sodor and Man". Diocesan website of Sodor and Man. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- "Recovering tradition". Church Times (#7580). 27 June 2008. p. 10. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 7 June 2014 – via UK Press Online archives.
- Diocese of Sodor and Man — Bishopannounces his retirement (Accessed 24 July 2016)
- Diocese of Sodor and Man — Pray for a time of peace and rest (Accessed 5 January 2017)
- Diocese of Sodor and Man — Bishop of Sodor and Man Announced (Accessed 4 May 2017)
- York Minster — Consecration of the Bishop of Sheffield and Bishop of Sodor and Man[permanent dead link] (Accessed 22 June 2017)
- Awdry, Rev. W. & G. - The Island Of Sodor: Its People, History & Railways - ISBN 9780434927623 - Heinemann 1987 - pg.22
- Haydn, Joseph, Haydn's Book of Dignities. Horace Ockerby. (1994, 1969 reprint)
- Manxman's Homepage via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine
- National Archives. See of Sodor and Man, 12 August 2003 (Appointment of Graeme Paul Knowles)
- New, Anthony S.B., The Observer's Book of Cathedrals Frederick Warne & Co Ltd.
- Pepin, David, Discovering Cathedrals Shire Publications Ltd.
- Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London: Royal Historical Society 1961
- Tudor Place[unreliable source]
- Whitaker, Joseph. Whitaker's Almanack 1883 to 2004. J. Whitaker & Sons Ltd/A&C Black 2004