Biophytum is a genus of about 50 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the family Oxalidaceae. It is found in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide.[1] The annual Biophytum sensitivum is a traditional medicine in Nepal.[2][3] Biophytum petersianum (also known as Biophytum umbraculum[4]) is a medicinal plant in Mali.[5]

Biophytum sensitivum0.jpg
Biophytum sensitivum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Oxalidales
Family: Oxalidaceae
Genus: Biophytum
B. reinwardtii in Kerala, India

Species include:


  1. ^ "2. Biophytum Candolle". Flora of China.
  2. ^ Guruvayoorappan, C; Kuttan, G (Mar 2008), "Biophytum sensitivum (L.) DC inhibits tumor cell invasion and metastasis through a mechanism involving regulation of MMPs, prolyl hydroxylase, lysyl oxidase, nm23, ERK-1, ERK-2, STAT-1, and proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in metastatic lung tissue", Integrative Cancer Therapies, 7 (1): 42–50, doi:10.1177/1534735407313744, PMID 18292594
  3. ^ Puri, D (Nov 2001), "The insulinotropic activity of a Nepalese medicinal plant Biophytum sensitivum: preliminary experimental study", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 78 (1): 89–93, doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00306-3, ISSN 0378-8741, PMID 11585694
  4. ^ Lourteig, Alicia (1981), "Biophytum umbraculum (Oxalidaceae)", Brittonia, 33 (3): 451–452, doi:10.2307/2806436, JSTOR 2806436
  5. ^ Inngjerdingen, M; Inngjerdingen, Kt; Patel, Tr; Allen, S; Chen, X; Rolstad, B; Morris, Ga; Harding, Se; Michaelsen, Te; Diallo, D; Paulsen, Bs (Dec 2008), "Pectic polysaccharides from Biophytum petersianum Klotzsch, and their activation of macrophages and dendritic cells", Glycobiology, 18 (12): 1074–84, doi:10.1093/glycob/cwn090, PMID 18809620

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