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Biocommunication (science)

In the study of the biological sciences, biocommunication is any specific type of communication within (intraspecific) or between (interspecific) species of plants,[1] animals, fungi, protozoa and microorganisms.[2][3] Communication basically means sign-mediated interactions following three levels of (syntactic, pragmatic and semantic) rules.[4] Signs in most cases are chemical molecules (semiochemicals, but also tactile, or as in animals also visual and auditive. Biocommunication of animals[5] may include vocalizations (as between competing bird species), or pheromone production (as between various species of insects),[6] chemical signals between plants and animals (as in tannin production used by vascular plants to warn away insects), and chemically mediated communication between plants[7][8] and within plants. Biocommunication of fungi demonstrates that mycelia communication integrates interspecific sign-mediated interactions between fungal organisms soil bacteria and plant root cells without which plant nutrition could not be organized.[9] Biocommunication of Archaea represents keylevels of sign-mediated interactions in the evolutionarily oldest akaryotes.[10]

Biocommunication, biosemiotics and linguisticsEdit

Biocommunication theory may be considered to be a branch of biosemiotics. Whereas Biosemiotics studies the production and interpretation of signs and codes, biocommunication theory investigates concrete interactions mediated by signs. Accordingly, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic aspects of biocommunication processes are distinguished.[11] Biocommunication specific to animals (animal communication) is considered a branch of zoosemiotics.[12] The semiotic study of molecular genetics, can be considered a study of biocommunication at its most basic level.[13] Current research demonstrated that genetic content arrangements in most cases are the result of competent natural genetic engineering and natural genome editing.[14] According biocommunication theory this requires consortia of agents that edit genomes coherently with insertion/deletion capabilities. Additionally such agents must be capable of de novo generation of new nucleotide sequences and insertion in pre-existing (host)sequences without disturbing/destroying previous genetic content arrangements. This fundamentally contradicts former narratives in which genetic content arrangements resulted out of error replication events by chance and their selection.[15]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Witzany G, Baluska F (2012). (eds). Biocommunication of Plants. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-23523-8.
  2. ^ Witzany G, Nowacki M (2016). (eds) Biocommunication of Ciliates. Springer Science + Business Media. ISBN 978-3-319-32211-7
  3. ^ Witzany, G (2011). (ed). Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-14511-7.
  4. ^ Witzany G (2016) The biocommunication method: On the road to an integrative biology. Commun Integr Biol. 9(2):e1164374
  5. ^ Witzany, Guenther (2014). Biocommunication of Animals. Dortrecht: Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-7413-1.
  6. ^ Ananthakrishnan, T (1998). Biocommunication in Insects. Science Publishers Inc. p. 104. ISBN 1-57808-031-2. 
  7. ^ Taiz, Lincoln; Eduardo Zeiger (2002). "Plant Physiology Online". a companion to Plant Physiology, Third Edition. Sinauer Associates. Archived from the original (HTTP) on December 7, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26. 
  8. ^ Farmer, EE; CA Ryan (1990). "Interplant Communication: Airborne Methyl Jasmonate Induces Synthesis of Proteinase Inhibitors in Plant Leaves". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences USA. 87 (19): 7713–7716. PMC 54818 . PMID 11607107. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.19.7713. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  9. ^ Witzany, G (2012) (ed). Biocommunication of Fungi. Springer, Dortrecht. ISBN 978-94-007-4263-5.
  10. ^ Witzany, G (ed), (2017). Biocommunication of Archaea. Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-65535-2
  11. ^ Tembrock, Günter 1971. Biokommunikation: Informationsübertragung im biologischen Bereich. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
  12. ^ Sebeok, Thomas (ed.) 1977. How Animals Communicate. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  13. ^ Emmeche, Claus; Jesper Hoffmeyer (1991). From Language to Nature - the semiotic metaphor in biology. Semiotica 84 (1/2): 1-42, 1991. Archived from the original on October 14, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  14. ^ Witzany G. (ed) (2009) Natural Genetic Engineering and Natural Genome Editing. Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1178. ISBN 978-1573317658
  15. ^ Witzany G. (ed) (2015) DNA Habitats and Their RNA Inhabitants. Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1341. ISSN 0077-8923