bioRxiv (pronounced "bio-archive") is an open access preprint repository for the biological sciences co-founded by John Inglis and Richard Sever in November 2013. It is hosted by the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL). As preprints, papers hosted on bioRxiv are not peer-reviewed, but undergo basic screening and checked against plagiarism. Readers may offer comments on the preprint. It was inspired by and intends to complement the arXiv repository, which mostly focuses on mathematics, physics and connected disciplines, launched in 1991 by Paul Ginsparg (who also serves on the bioRxiv advisory board). It received support from both the CSHL and the Lourie Foundation. Additional funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative was confirmed in April 2017.
Type of site
|Owner||Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory|
Prior to the establishment of bioRxiv, biological scientists were divided on the issue of having a dedicated preprint open-access repository. Many had concerns of having their research scooped by competitors and losing their claim to discovery. However, several geneticists had submitted papers to the "quantitative biology" section of the arXiv repository (launched in 2003) and no longer had those concerns, as they could point to preprints to support their claims of discovery.
As a result of bioRxiv's popularity, many biology journals have updated their policies on preprints, clarifying they do not consider preprints to be a 'prior publication' for purpose of the Ingelfinger rule. Over 20,000 tweets were made about bioRxiv-hosted preprints in 2015. In July 2017, the number of monthly submissions exceeded 1,000. As of December 31, 2019, over 68,000 papers have been accepted in total.
It has been measured that two thirds of the papers posted in bioRxiv are later published in peer-reviewed journals. A service called Rxivist parses the metadata of preprints from bioRxiv, and combines it with data from Twitter allowing to detect trending preprints.
Jocelyn Kaiser of Science said that in their first year, the repository had "attracted a modest but growing stream of papers", having hosted 824 preprints. As of February 2016, the submission rate to bioRxiv had steadily increased from ≈60 to ≈200 per month. In 2017, the number of monthly submissions rose from over 800 in March to more than 1000 in July with a total number of 10,722 papers submitted in 2017. In the year of 2018, a total of 20,000 manuscripts were submitted, which results in a monthly average of 1600 papers. In the year 2019, over 31,000 manuscripts were submitted, which results in a monthly average of 2600 papers (which accelerated to just over 3000 papers per month in the last quarter of 2019).
bioRxiv accepts preprints in the following disciplines
- Animal behavior and cognition
- Cancer biology
- Cell biology
- Clinical trials
- Developmental biology
- Evolutionary biology
- Molecular biology
- Pharmacology and Toxicology
- Plant biology
- Scientific communication and education
- Synthetic biology
- Systems biology
bioRxiv to JournalsEdit
The bioRxiv to Journals (B2J) initiative allows authors to submit their manuscript directly to a journal's submission system through bioRxiv. As of May 2020, 177 journals participate in the initiative.
- "Advancing the sharing of research results for the life sciences". bioRxiv. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
- Sever, Richard; Roeder, Ted; Hindle, Samantha; Sussman, Linda; Black, Kevin-John; Argentine, Janet; Manos, Wayne; Inglis, John R. (November 6, 2019). "bioRxiv: the preprint server for biology". bioRxiv: 833400. doi:10.1101/833400. S2CID 209580681. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Callaway, Ewen (12 November 2013). "Preprints come to life". Nature. 503 (7475): 180. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..180C. doi:10.1038/503180a. PMID 24226869.
- Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. "bioRxiv preprints can now be submitted directly to leading research journals". PhysOrg. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
- "About bioRxiv". bioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
- Inglis, John R.; Sever, Richard (12 February 2016). "bioRxiv: a progress report". ASAPbio. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- Callaway, Ewen (2017). "BioRxiv preprint server gets cash boost from Chan Zuckerberg Initiative". Nature. 545 (7652): 18. Bibcode:2017Natur.545...18C. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.21894. PMID 28470210.
- Kaiser, Jocelyn (26 April 2017). "BioRxiv preprint server gets funding from Chan Zuckerberg Initiative". Science. doi:10.1126/science.aal1117.
- Callaway, Ewen (31 July 2012). "Geneticists eye the potential of arXiv". Nature. 488 (7409): 19. Bibcode:2012Natur.488...19C. doi:10.1038/488019a. PMID 22859182.
- Kaiser, Jocelyn (11 November 2014). "BioRxiv at 1 year: A promising start". Science. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
- Inglis, John (2017-06-30). "A life sci #preprint milestone: @biorxivpreprint's first >1000 ms month. Thanks to authors, affiliates, and staff for making it happen". @JohnRInglis. Retrieved 2017-07-02.
- "Search Results | bioRxiv". biorxiv.org. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
- Abdill, Richard J (24 April 2019). "Meta-Research, Tracking the popularity and outcomes of all bioRxiv preprints". eLife. 8: e45133. doi:10.7554/eLife.45133. S2CID 129944106.
- "Rxivist: Find interesting preprints". rxivist.org.
- Yan, Wudan (2020-04-14). "Coronavirus Tests Science's Need for Speed Limits". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
- Koerth, Maggie (2021-07-08). "How Science Moved Beyond Peer Review During The Pandemic". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2021-08-07.
- "John Inglis on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
- "Search Results | bioRxiv". biorxiv.org. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
- "Search Results | bioRxiv".
- "Search Results | bioRxiv".
- Jansen, Jaclyn (12 November 2013). "CSHL launches bioRxiv, a freely accessible, citable preprint server for biology". Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Kaiser, Jocelyn (12 November 2013). "New Preprint Server Aims to Be Biologists' Answer to Physicists' arXiv". Science. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
- "BioRxiv preprint server launched". UC Berkeley Library News. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- Callaway, Ewen; Powell, Kendall (16 February 2016). "Biologists urged to hug a preprint". Nature. 530 (7590): 265. Bibcode:2016Natur.530..265C. doi:10.1038/530265a. PMID 26887471.
- Inglis, John (22 September 2016). "The bioRxiv preprint service" (PDF). COASP 2016.
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