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Binhai, fully the Binhai New Area, is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality in the People's Republic of China.

Binhai
滨海新区
District & State-level new area
Binhai New Area
TEDA within Binhai
TEDA within Binhai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityTianjin
Township-level divisions19 subdistricts
7 towns
District established2009
Government
 • CPC SecretaryZhang Yuzhuo
 • District GovernorYang Maorong
Area
 • Total2,270 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total1,000,000
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Tianjin district map
Postal Code300000-301900
Websitebh.gov.cn
Binhai
CBD of TBNA 2011.jpg
Traditional Chinese濱海新區
Simplified Chinese滨海新区
Literal meaningMarina New Area

Binhai is intended to replicate development seen in Shenzhen and Pudong in Shanghai.[1]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Binhai is located on the west coast of the Bohai Sea and east of Tianjin's main urban area. It is a part of the Bohai Economic Rim. It has an area of 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi), a coastline of 153 km (95 mi), and contains 700 km2 (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands.[2]

Natural resourcesEdit

Binhai New Area has 700 square kilometers (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands and a further 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi) of wasteland that is being re-developed into Saline land. It has proven oil resources totalling more than 100 million tons, and 193.7 billion cubic meters (6.84 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas.[3]

Administrative divisionsEdit

There are 19 subdistricts and 7 towns in the district:[4]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[5] Area (km2)
Tanggu Subdistrict 塘沽街道 Tánggū Tiēdào not established
Hangzhou Street Subdistrict 杭州道街道 Hángzhōudào Jiēdào 112,173 5.412
Xinhe Subdistrict 新河街道 Xīnhé Jiēdào 73,160
Dagu Subdistrict 大沽街道 Dàgū Jiēdào 43,425 138.24
Xinbei Subdistrict 新北街道 Xīnběi Jiēdào 80,702
Beitang Subdistrict 北塘街道 Běitáng Jiēdào 16,406 117
Hujiayuan Subdistrict 胡家园街道 Hújiāyuán Jiēdào 117,235 75.2
Hangu Subdistrict 汉沽街道 Hàngū Jiēdào 50,685 4.6
Zhaishang Subdistrict 寨上街道 Zhàishàng Jiēdào 66,510 4.8
Chadian Subdistrict 茶淀街道 Chádiàn Jiēdào 28,050 17.3
Dagang Subdistrict 大港街道 Dàgǎng Jiēdào 91,776 4.9
Gulin Subdistrict 古林街道 Gǔlín Jiēdào 47050 209
Haibin Subdistrict 海滨街道 Hǎibīn Jiēdào 146,009 118
Xincheng town 新城镇 Xīnchéng Zhèn 43,128 31
Yangjiabo town 杨家泊镇 Yángjiāpō Zhèn 21,559 60.7
Taiping town 太平镇 Tàipíng Zhèn 37,074 174.7
Xiaowangzhuang town 小王庄镇 Xiǎowángzhuāng Zhèn 23,084 27.8
Zhongtang town 中塘镇 Zhōngtáng Zhèn 55,586 30.2
developmental, industrial, & harbor zones 开发区/类似乡级单位 Kāifā Qū/Lèisì Xiāng Jí Dānwèi 831,979

HistoryEdit

The Binhai district was created by the government of China in the 1990s.[citation needed] In 1996 Soviet aircraft carrier Kiev was sold to Binhai Aircraft Park, a theme park in Binhai. The concept was developed by world tourism and attraction consultant Leisure Quest International.[6]

In August 2011, the ex-Kiev was developed into a luxury hotel after renovations costing £9.6 million.[7][8]

Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished.[9] Binhai New Area consists of nine functional zones: Advanced Manufacturing Zone, Airport-based Industrial Zone, Binhai High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Seaport-based Industrial Zone, Nangang Industrial Zone, Seaport Logistics Zone, Coastal Leisure & Tourism Zone, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City and the Yujiapu Financial District. In addition, Tianjin Port whose throughput ranks 5th in the world is also located here.[citation needed]

The Binhai district was greatly affected by a large industrial-scale accident in August 2015. On August 12, a series of explosions took place at a port chemical storage facility in Binhai, causing 173 deaths and 797 injuries. The blast had the equivalent of 21 metric tons of TNT or a magnitude-2.9 earthquake, according to the China Earthquake Networks Center. Eight other people remain missing.[10][11]

EconomyEdit

Yujiapu Financial District located in Binhai is an under construction financial district with a glitzy skyline envisioned to be a center of world trade and finance.[12] Other parts of Binhai have also been intended to be a base for China's advanced industrial and financial reform and innovation. The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) is an early free trade zone.

Tianjin Emissions Exchange organized China's first sulfur dioxide, carbon neutral, contract energy management and energy efficiency product transactions, and established China's first voluntary emission reduction public inquiry system.

A number of major international companies including Rockefeller, Tishman Speyer, Motorola and Airbus have built branches here. For instance, EADS Airbus has already opened an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, operational since 2009. Domestic companies headquartered in Binhai include noodlemaker Tingyi.[13]

CultureEdit

 
Tianjin Binhai Library

A large culture complex, Binhai Cultural Center, with five central attractions planned.[14] The centerpiece of the complex is the library that opened in November 2017. The library is nicknamed 'The Eye' because the sphere, which appears like an iris, can be seen from the park outside through an eye-shaped opening.[15]

The remnant of Taku Forts in the form of a gun platform overlooks the Hai River (Peiho River) in Binhai.[16]

EducationEdit

Many colleges and universities in Tianjin have branch campuses in Binhai New Area. In 2003, Nankai University established the TEDA Campus in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone, which is dedicated to research on genomes, functional genomics, biochips, and molecular virology. Tianjin University of Science and Technology will move into Binhai New Area as a whole. The Juilliard College of New York and the Tianjin Conservatory of Music cooperated with the Juilliard Research Institute of the Tianjin Conservatory of Music in the Yujiapu Financial District to provide pre-university and postgraduate education. At the same time, Tianjin Maritime Vocational College, Tianjin Development Zone Vocational and Technical College, Tianjin Binhai Vocational College are located in Binhai New Area.

TransportationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-11. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
  2. ^ 天津市地形地貌. Retrieved 2010-09-22.Archived December 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ 滨海新区网:地理位置 Archived May 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.,滨海新区政府网,2010年9月22日查阅
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:滨海新区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-10-01. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  5. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  6. ^ Leisure Quest International - About
  7. ^ "China launches second aircraft carrier after a £9.6m refit... as a luxury hotel". Daily Mail. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  8. ^ Branigan, Tania (10 August 2011). "China launches second aircraft carrier – as luxury hotel". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  9. ^ http://news.sohu.com/20091110/n268086616.shtml
  10. ^ "Tianjin explosion: China sets final death toll at 173, ending search for survivors". the Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  11. ^ 155位"8–12"事故遇难者身份公开 (in Chinese). Sohu. 2 September 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  12. ^ Henry Sanderson, Michael Forsythe China's Superbank: Debt, Oil and Influence 2012 -- Page 24
  13. ^ "联系我们." Master Kong. Retrieved on April 11, 2014. "总部地址:中国天津经济技术开发区第三大街15号"
  14. ^ "Tianjin's new library looks out of this world". CNN Travel. 22 November 2017.
  15. ^ Becky Davis (16 November 2017). "China's futuristic library: More fiction than books". France24. AFP.
  16. ^ Edward Jewitt Wheeler; Isaac Kaufman Funk; William Seaver Woods (1900). The Literary Digest. pp. 68–69.

External linksEdit