Binangonan

Binangonan, officially the Municipality of Binangonan (Tagalog: Bayan ng Binangonan) is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 282,474 people. [3]

Binangonan
Municipality of Binangonan
Aerial view near town proper (right)
Aerial view near town proper (right)
Official seal of Binangonan
Seal
Motto(s): 
Center of Education and Good Governance
Anthem: Binangonan March
Map of Rizal with Binangonan highlighted
Map of Rizal with Binangonan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Binangonan is located in Philippines
Binangonan
Binangonan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°27′05″N 121°11′31″E / 14.4514°N 121.1919°E / 14.4514; 121.1919Coordinates: 14°27′05″N 121°11′31″E / 14.4514°N 121.1919°E / 14.4514; 121.1919
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceRizal
District1st District
FoundedMarch 29, 1900
Barangays40 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorCesar M. Ynares
 • Vice MayorCecilio M. Ynares
 • RepresentativeMichael John R. Duavit
 • Electorate144,523 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total66.34 km2 (25.61 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total282,474
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Households
66,734
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence6.46% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱515,970,251.68 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1940
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog
Websitewww.binangonan.gov.ph

A thriving fish port and fishing industry is found in Binangonan, having a long coast line facing the Laguna de Bay, including the western part of Talim Island. The plant of Rizal Cement and Grandspan are in Binangonan as well. Their main livelihood are fishing and farming.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Cardona in its easternmost part.

EtymologyEdit

It is claimed that the binañgonan means “the first town established along the lake”, in reference to a legend that tells of how the towns around Laguna de Baý were named. More likely however is that binañgonan refers to a place from where someone or something rose, based on the definition of binangunan in Tagalog. The name of the town in the colonial era (as of 18th c.) was "Binangonan de los Ferros" (Binangonan of the Dogs),[5] that etymology might have something to do with dog breeding or hunting.

HistoryEdit

The Neolithic stone engravings of the Angono Petroglyphs archaeological site represent the earliest evidence of human settlement in the region. The site contains earthenware fragments and remains of animals such as turtles and Elephas sp. [6] The area was inhabited by both Tagalog and Aeta peoples before the arrival of the Spanish.[7]

Spanish PeriodEdit

Binangonan was initially a visita of the pueblo (town) of Moron,[8] until it was separated and became an independent parish in 1621 through the initiatives of Franciscan missionaries. The town was established in 1737 and conquered by the Spaniards in 1763. Originally, it was organized under the province of La Laguna, until it was transferred to the newly established Distrito de Morong on 23 February 1853.[8] The Santa Ursula Parish Church dates from this time, built from 1792 to 1800. It became a town in 1900 during the American colonial period.

Japanese occupation[7]Edit

During World War II, Binangonan was one of the evacuation centers for the residents of Manila and neighboring suburbs. People hid in the mountains and in Talim Island. The war brought untold difficulties and sufferings. Schools were temporarily closed; professionals turned to fishing, buy and sell for living. Many died of starvation, malnutrition and diseases while others survived by eating camote tops, papaya, corn, coconut and vegetables.

Months after the Japanese occupied the town, Faustino Antiporda organized Bantay Sunog, a brigade tasked in maintaining peace and order by providing volunteer males as nightly guards against looters and trouble makers.

In April 1942, Marcos Villa Agustin founded Marking's Guerrillas, and recruited heavily in Binangonan area. During the summer of 1942, the Rizal Cement Factory employees took action against the Japanese in the area. Led by Trinidad Diaz, the factory cashier and Home Guard lieutenant, they killed five Japanese, including a naval architect, and turned their launch over to Marking's Guerrillas. The Japanese took revenge, killing known resisters in the area, and torturing Diaz for 32 days, but she did not divulge the guerrilla's locations.[9][10]

Major Teofilo Cenido was appointed mayor of the provost marshal of military police. Weapons available then were one Springfield Rifle and five Granadora from five USAFFE soldiers who escaped from Bataan.

Talim Island was also subjected to Japanese sona. On August 7, 1942, bombs were dropped in the neighboring towns killing four in Janosa and claiming a number of casualties in Cardona. Suspected guerillas were brought to Santa Cruz, Laguna. Even the parish priest at that time, a Columbian Fr. Martin Strong, was held in Los Banos concentration camp.

Late in 1944, the Makapilis identified mostly as Kapampangan's, a group of pro-Japanese Filipinos, occupied the convent and served as Japanese interpreters. They were instruments in the cruelties suffered by the Filipinos.

In January 1945, the Japanese took the convent from the Makapilis and put up their headquarters. But they only stayed there for one week, scared of the nightly apparitions of a white lady believed to be the ghost haunting the convent.

Mayor Emerenciano Unida was killed by the Japanese when he refused to reveal the guerrilla organization.

Period of independence[7]Edit

Binangonan was liberated from the Japanese forces on February 25, 1945, the feast day of the patroness of the town, Santa Ursula. The Japanese' plan to burn the town was prevented by the timely arrival of American forces on the eve of the feast day. The local guerillas, with Major Ceñido deploying his men in Bunot Mountain, prevented the escape of Japanese forces. The Japanese peacefully retreated and pulled their forces out.

The liberation was quite peaceful for no fighting ever took place. It was also a glorious celebration as barrio folks rode on top of tanks and jeepneys with the soldiers of the combined Filipinos and Americans. People lined along the streets, jumping with glee, weeping tears of joy while shouting "Victory". The American and Filipino military commander instructed the guerillas led by Major Ceñido to set up temporary headquarters in poblacion and to do surveillance work. When the combined Filipino and American troops proceeded to Angono, they left the command under the local Military Police, composed of all units in Binangonan.

Napoleon Antazo, the town commander of the ROTC Hunter guerillas, was appointed mayor through the orders of the 43rd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army. Next to be appointed town mayor from 1945 to 1946 was Casimiro Ynares Sr., son of Don Jose Ynares. When the Philippines became a Republic in 1946, the municipal government was allowed greater autonomy.

Post-war accomplishments 1946-1951Edit

The first mayor after World War II was Dr. Jose Pacis. Among his accomplishments were as follows.

  • Construction of wharf linking the Muella de Santa Ursula to Pritil.
  • Construction of a modern public market, a self-liquidating project funded by the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation.
  • Construction of combined basketball courts and tennis courts in the town's plaza.
  • Beautification of the Kalbaryo.
  • Additional artesian wells.
  • Construction of a new street extending from Munting Bundok to M. H. del Pilar Street, the only one in eastern Rizal at that time, which was completed with the P25,000.00 funds donated by ex-Senator Vicente Madrigal to Mayor Jose Pacis.

CityhoodEdit

As early as January 18, 2016, the town's Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No. 78, Series of 2016 requesting the Senate of the Philippines thru its president Franklin Drilon and the House of Representatives thru its speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. to co-sponsor a bill for Binangonan's conversion into a city and creation of a lone legislative district.

GeographyEdit

Binangonan is bounded to the north-northwest by Angono, the north-northeast by Teresa and Morong, and to the east by Cardona. It is divided between two regions, the mainland and the insular areas. The mainland is on the western side of the Morong Peninsula, and is characterized by small steep hills surrounded by lowlands. It is cut off by an escarpment to the east, which forms the boundary with Cardona. Short streams predominantly drain westward into Laguna de Bay.

Talim Island contains a narrow coastal plain that readily ascends into its mountainous interior, with Mount Tagapo (438 m) as its highest peak. It is separated from the mainland by the 240-m Diablo pass.

ClimateEdit

Binangonan features two climate types under the Köppen-Geiger climate classification: tropical monsoon with a short dry season and a prolonged wet season, and tropical savanna with more pronounced wet and dry season. The dry season runs from January through April while the wet season covers the remaining eight months of the year. Binangonan is consistently hot throughout the year, usually reaching its highest temperatures just before the onset of the monsoon. The town's coolest temperatures are typically experienced at night during the earliest portions of the dry season. Temperatures are relatively constant throughout the year with the average high of about 31 °C (88 °F) and an average low of about 23 °C (73 °F).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Binangonan, Rizal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
27
(81)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58
(2.3)
41
(1.6)
32
(1.3)
29
(1.1)
91
(3.6)
143
(5.6)
181
(7.1)
162
(6.4)
172
(6.8)
164
(6.5)
113
(4.4)
121
(4.8)
1,307
(51.5)
Average rainy days 13.4 9.3 9.1 9.8 19.1 22.9 26.6 24.9 25.0 21.4 16.5 16.5 214.5
Source: Meteoblue [11]

BarangaysEdit

 
Political Map of Binangonan, Rizal (Subject for Correction)

Binangonan is politically subdivided into 40 barangays,[2] of which 23 are on the mainland and 17 are island barangays.

Barangay Location Population ±% p.a. Land Area[7] Density
(2015)[12] (2010)[13]
Bangad Island 0.55% 1,563 1,505 0.72% 1.10 1,427.29
Batingan Mainland 4.93% 13,931 12,999 1.33% 1.10 12,697.79
Bilibiran Mainland 5.98% 16,905 15,490 1.68% 2.47 6,857.95
Binitagan Island 0.21% 598 680 -2.42% 0.42 1,429.07
Bombong Island 1.15% 3,256 2,697 3.65% 0.99 3,294.00
Buhangin Island 0.66% 1,871 2,086 -2.05% 1.10 1,696.16
Calumpang Mainland 6.58% 18,596 15,793 3.16% 1.59 11,686.05
Ginoong Sanay Island 0.58% 1,638 1,588 0.59% 0.88 1,862.83
Gulod Island 0.42% 1,197 1,184 0.21% 0.71 1,689.35
Habagatan Island 0.45% 1,275 1,587 -4.08% 0.66 1,940.57
Ithan Mainland 1.09% 3,090 2,907 1.17% 1.02 3,023.36
Janosa Island 1.03% 2,917 2,606 2.17% 1.74 1,673.06
Kalawaan (Darangan) Mainland 13.05% 36,853 28,611 4.94% 4.63 7,956.97
Kalinawan Mainland 0.73% 2,062 2,023 0.36% 0.65 3,188.54
Kasile Island 0.17% 475 502 -1.05% 0.31 1,553.95
Kaytome Island 0.81% 2,296 2,241 0.46% 0.79 2,901.60
Kinaboogan Island 0.49% 1,370 1,164 3.15% 1.14 1,205.98
Kinagatan Island 0.52% 1,466 1,442 0.31% 0.55 2,662.24
Layunan (Poblacion) Mainland 0.88% 2,491 3,370 -5.59% 2.54 982.24
Libid (Poblacion) Mainland 2.51% 7,089 7,085 0.01% 2.53 2,801.98
Libis (Poblacion) Mainland 2.39% 6,738 6,668 0.20% 2.35 2,869.33
Limbon-limbon Mainland 0.56% 1,590 1,457 1.68% 0.31 5,201.65
Lunsad Mainland 3.82% 10,800 10,375 0.77% 2.53 4,268.77
Macamot Mainland 3.26% 9,221 8,168 2.34% 2.35 3,926.70
Mahabang Parang Mainland 3.16% 8,935 7,228 4.12% 3.13 2,856.28
Malakaban Island 0.43% 1,216 1,197 0.30% 1.04 1,169.30
Mambog Mainland 3.54% 9,988 7,614 5.30% 1.33 7,511.89
Pag-asa Mainland 5.96% 16,848 15,392 1.74% 0.89 18,885.14
Palangoy Mainland 4.97% 14,038 13,505 0.74% 4.71 2,981.92
Pantok Mainland 5.35% 15,116 13,110 2.75% 3.96 3,815.37
Pila-Pila Mainland 3.25% 9,190 8,247 2.08% 2.79 3,294.96
Pinagdilawan Island 0.28% 778 664 3.06% 0.33 2,347.91
Pipindan Mainland 0.86% 2,429 2,841 -2.94% 0.50 4,815.43
Rayap Island 0.71% 2,001 1,886 1.13% 0.79 2,537.23
San Carlos Mainland 4.24% 11,983 10,428 2.68% 1.13 10,604.42
Sapang Island 0.80% 2,265 2,050 1.92% 1.12 2,021.01
Tabon Island 0.29% 823 834 -0.25% 0.81 1,020.20
Tagpos Mainland 5.51% 15,560 12,332 4.53% 1.31 11,906.08
Tatala Mainland 3.81% 10,773 7,256 7.82% 3.56 3,024.15
Tayuman Mainland 3.98% 11,243 10,825 0.72% 5.19 2,166.28
Mainland 90.44% 255,469 223,724 2.56% 52.55 4861.05
Island 9.56% 27,005 25,913 0.79% 14.46 1,866.99
Total 40 barangays 100.00% 282,474 249,637 2.38% 67.02 4214.85

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Binangonan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,096—    
1918 14,379+3.10%
1939 16,588+0.68%
1948 20,422+2.34%
1960 31,274+3.61%
1970 52,296+5.27%
1975 63,215+3.88%
1980 80,980+5.08%
1990 127,561+4.65%
1995 140,700+1.85%
2000 187,691+6.37%
2007 238,931+3.39%
2010 249,872+1.64%
2015 282,474+2.36%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][14][15][16]

In the 2015 census, the population of Binangonan, was 282,474 people, [3] with a density of 4,300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 11,000 inhabitants per square mile.

EconomyEdit

 
Barangay Libis Ynares Plaza

Binangonan's major source of income comes from agriculture, where 49 percent of its total land area are devoted to agriculture and livestock industries, while the source of income of residents in its coastal barangays are mainly artisanal fishing and the aquaculture industry.[7] Binangonan is a major supplier of freshwater fishes from Laguna de Bay like dulong, ayungin, biya, kanduli, and gurami to Metro Manila, Laguna, Cavite and Batangas. A research station of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center is located at Tapao Point in Barangay Pipindan.[17]

The municipality formerly hosted the Rizal Cement plant in Calumpang and its associated quarry. This plant was the oldest in the Philippines, established in 1914 by Augustinians and eventually acquired by Vicente Madrigal.[18] A limestone quarry in Pantok supplied the plant through a cable car system. The plant was shut down in 2000 and subsequently transformed into a subdivision.

Other sources of income come from manufacturing, commercial establishments, real estate, and public utility services.

Binangonan's economy remained docile for almost four decades, subsisting only with fair performance in the aquaculture and agricultural ventures with no new developments in-place to create job opportunities in the commercial sector. Tourism industry's growth remains to be seen in the long-term. Industries relative interests to the town has to be developed and the corresponding infrastructure must be funded and implemented accordingly to create and sustain future development. Overall expectations to encourage investment must be prioritized rather than enticing the growth of informal settlers (squatters) in the area which was perceived by many to be more of strategic political undertakings.

TourismEdit

  • East Ridge Golf and Country Club
  • Thunderbird Resorts
  • Talim Island
  • Mount Tagapo
  • Vicente Manansala Shrine
  • Santa Ursula Parish Church
  • Ang Kalbaryo
  • Marian Hill
  • Tabon
  • Binangonan Recreation and Conference Center

GovernmentEdit

 
Binangonan Municipal Hall

Current Officials[19]Edit

Title Name
Mayor Cesar M. Ynares
Vice Mayor Cecilio M. Ynares
Councilor Fidelito C. Ceñidoza
James Michael A. Paralejas
Michael Reynan C. Dela Cuesta
Ma. Cristina E. Cerda
Nicanor C. Del Mundo
Jesus M. Añis
Oscarlito C. Cequeña
Eric J. Vital
Seth G. Barrameda
Antonio Ma. B. Reyes IV

List of former mayors[7]Edit

American periodEdit

  • Jose G. Ynares – (1901–1905) First appointed executive of the municipality in 1901 and elected Presidente the following year.
  • Manuel Y. Ison – (1906–1907) He raised funds for the construction of the first municipal building.
  • Clemente Antiporda – (1908–1912) During his term, a permanent municipal building was constructed.
  • Antonio Sisante – (1913–1915) His achievement was the construction of three artesian wells.
  • Lorenzo Flores – (1916–1922) Roads and bridges were built and the old market was repaired during his term.
  • Valentin Antazo – (1922–1928) He purchased the present Binangonan Central Elementary School site; built the H.E. Building and the Puericulture Center for the Women's Club.
  • Julio Antiporda – (1928–1936) He planned the establishment of a public market in Pila-pila.

Japanese periodEdit

  • Felix Katipunan -- (1936–1942) He built roads and artesian wells and added rooms to the municipal building.
  • Emerenciano M. Unida -- (1942–1945) He was the deputy mayor when Katipunan got ill. He supplied starving residents with foods and worked for the release of captured Filipinos.
  • Juan Jerusalem - (1945) Took over aster the death of Unida until his shooting.

Post-war to presentEdit

  • Napoleon Antazo (1945) - Appointed by the U.S. Army 43rd Infantry Division
  • Casimiro Ynares, Sr. (1945-1946) - Appointed
  • Jose Pacis (1946-1951) Elected after resumption of election following Philippine independence in 1946. Presided over many construction efforts, including roads, wharves and the public market.
  • Casimiro Ynares Sr. - (1952-1956)
  • Jose Pacis - (1957-1962)
  • Pedro Fineza - (1963-1970)
  • Casimiro Ynares, Jr. - (1971-1986) Due to the declaration of Martial Law by President Ferdinand Marcos, he remained as mayor owing to the lack of elections. He was deposed following the 1986 People Power Revolution.
  • Mariano Cervo - (1986-1988) Officer-in-charge following the revolution.
  • Casimiro Ynares, Jr. (1988-1992)
  • Isidro B. Pacis - (1992-1998)
  • Cesar M. Ynares - (1998-2007)
  • Cecilio M. Ynares - (2007-2016)
  • Cesar M. Ynares - (2016–present)

Health institutionsEdit

  • Binangonan Municipal Hospital, Libis
  • Binangonan Lakeview Hospital, Tagpos
  • Pag-asa Hospital, Pag-asa
  • Margarito A. Duavit Memorial Hospital - Rizal Provincial Hospital System, Binangonan (Annex)
  • St. Bernard Infirmary and Multi-Specialty Clinic, Pantok

Barangay Health Centers are present in all 40 barangays[7]

EducationEdit

The Department of Education operates 36 elementary and 9 secondary schools in the municipality. A campus of the University of Rizal System is present. A Technical Education Skills Development Authority (TESDA) center established in the municipality provides technical and vocational courses. Over 50 private schools are also found within the municipality,[7]

PublicEdit

PrivateEdit

Cultural propertiesEdit

  • Gloc-9, rap artist, musician, songwriter

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Binangonan | (DILG)
  2. ^ a b "Province: Rizal". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ Blair, Emma (1906). The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 Vol. 40. Arthur H. Clark Company. p. 142url=http://mirrors.aggregate.org/gutenberg/2/5/9/3/25930/25930-h/25930-h.htm#app.5.
  6. ^ "Angono Petroglyphs". National Museum of the Philippines. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Socio-Economic Profile of the Municipality of Binangonan" (PDF). Binangonan Municipal Government.
  8. ^ a b Pascual, Timoteo; Guillermo, Liwayway (1978). Morong's 400 Years. University of Santo Tomas Press.
  9. ^ Kaminski, Theresa (2016). Angels of the Underground. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 239–240, 243. ISBN 9780199928248.
  10. ^ Panlilio, Yay (1950). The Crucible: An Autobiography by Colonel Yay, Filipina American Guerrilla. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. pp. 30-32. ISBN 9780813546827.
  11. ^ "Binangonan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  12. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 16 August 2019
  13. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  15. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  16. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  17. ^ rossea.ledesma. "Binangonan Freshwater Station". SEAFDEC/AQD. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  18. ^ "Cement History | Cement Manufacturers' Association of the Philippines". 2016-07-25. Archived from the original on 2016-07-25. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  19. ^ "Municipality of Binangonan - Government". www.binangonan.gov.ph. Retrieved 2019-08-18.

External linksEdit