Binalonan

  (Redirected from Binalonan, Pangasinan)

Binalonan, officially the Municipality of Binalonan (Pangasinan: Baley na Binalonan; Ilocano: Ili ti Binalonan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Binalonan), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,555 people. [3]

Binalonan
Municipality of Binalonan
Town hall
Town hall
Official seal of Binalonan
Seal
Map of Pangasinan with Binalonan highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Binalonan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Binalonan is located in Philippines
Binalonan
Binalonan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°03′N 120°36′E / 16.05°N 120.6°E / 16.05; 120.6Coordinates: 16°03′N 120°36′E / 16.05°N 120.6°E / 16.05; 120.6
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvincePangasinan
District5th district
FoundedFebruary 18, 1872
Barangays24 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRamon N. Guico Jr.
 • Vice MayorMelicio F. Patague II
 • CongressmanRamon V. Guico III
 • Electorate36,727 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total47.57 km2 (18.37 sq mi)
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total54,555
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Households
12,655
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence8.82% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱154,540,126.71 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2436
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.binalonan.gov.ph

One of Binalonan's natives is the Filipino-American writer Carlos Bulosan, who wrote brief descriptions of the town's history and people in his semi-autobiographical novel entitled America is in the Heart. The town has a memorial and street named after him just north of the municipal hall and town market. It is also the hometown of Evangelina de la Cruz Macaraeg Macapagal, spouse of 9th President Diosdado Macapagal, and mother of 14th President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[5]

GeographyEdit

Binalonan is located in the eastern part of the province of Pangasinan. The municipality is bordered on the north by the municipalities of Pozorrubio and Sison, on the south by Urdaneta, on the east by San Manuel and Asingan and on the west by Laoac.

It is 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Lingayen and 190 kilometres (120 mi) from Manila.

Land classificationEdit

The municipality's total land area, estimated at 8,400 hectares (84 km2), is classified as alienable and disposable land.

Soil typeEdit

There are 5 types of soil which can be found in Binalonan: the San Manuel fine sandy loam, San Manuel loam, San Manuel sandy loam, San Manuel clay, and Umingan sandy loam.

RiversEdit

Binalonan has 2 major rivers: the Aloragat River and Tagamusing River. It also has minor rivers, including the San Pablo Creek, Tuboy River, Palma Creek, the Camambogan Creek and Balisa Creek.

BarangaysEdit

Binalonan is subdivided into 24 barangays.

  • Balangobong
  • Bued
  • Bugayong
  • Camangaan
  • Canarvacanan
  • Capas
  • Cili
  • Dumayat
  • Linmansangan
  • Mangcasuy
  • Moreno
  • Pasileng Norte
  • Pasileng Sur
  • Poblacion
  • San Felipe Central
  • San Felipe Sur
  • San Pablo
  • Santa Catalina
  • Santa Maria Norte
  • Santiago
  • Santo Niño
  • Sumabnit
  • Tabuyoc
  • Vacante

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Binalonan, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.6
(0.54)
10.4
(0.41)
18.2
(0.72)
15.7
(0.62)
178.4
(7.02)
227.9
(8.97)
368
(14.5)
306.6
(12.07)
310.6
(12.23)
215.7
(8.49)
70.3
(2.77)
31.1
(1.22)
1,766.5
(69.56)
Average rainy days 3 2 2 4 14 16 23 21 24 15 10 6 140
Source: World Weather Online[6]

HistoryEdit

According to historians, the town's name is an evolution of the Pangasinan Language term balon, which means "packed lunch", or in Tagalog, baon.

In a traditional story, which now plays an important role in the town's history, the area was originally owned by a Spaniard named Don Salvador. It was told that he instructed his men to put up crude wooden fences along the property to establish his ownership. During the course of their work, Don Salvador's men used to have their lunch and rest under Camachile trees located in the center of the land mainly due to its breezy shades.

Don Salvador offered his pastureland to several immigrants from Ilocos. When they asked Don Salcador how they were going to find the said land, the owner answered: "It is the place where people bring their balon to eat". Hence the term Binnalonan, which in Ilocano and Pangasinan means "a place where people bring and eat their baon", was born. At present, the town is called Binalonan while its people are known as Binalonians.[7]

Ilocano herdsmen and laborers composed the first town which was founded in 1838, in San Felipe, which was later transferred to Santa Catalina, then returned to the present site.

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Binalonan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,603—    
1918 17,392+1.17%
1939 19,736+0.60%
1948 23,361+1.89%
1960 25,651+0.78%
1970 32,441+2.37%
1975 34,726+1.37%
1980 35,574+0.48%
1990 43,839+2.11%
1995 44,490+0.28%
2000 48,967+2.08%
2007 52,722+1.02%
2010 52,832+0.08%
2015 54,555+0.61%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

The urban population is recorded at 7,634 while the rural population is at 45,088. The urban-rural population ratio is estimated at 15/100. The male-to-female ratio is 1.029.

Population by barangayEdit

Barangay Population (2010) Number of households (2007)
Balangobong 1,418 332
Bued 2,839 467
Bugayong 2,949
Camangaan 1,133 245
Canarvacanan 1,811 361
Capas 2,065 378
Cili 1,921 429
Dumayat 1,388 247
Linmansangan 3,847 770
Mangcasuy 1,431 309
Moreno 1,587 358
Pasileng Norte 702 136
Pasileng Sur 1,298 299
Poblacion 7,565 1,059
San Felipe Central 2,114 474
San Felipe Sur 1,961 391
San Pablo 1,560 361
Santa Catalina 2,697 590
Santa Maria Norte 2,584 518
Santiago 1,368 282
Santo Nino 1,544 389
Sumabnit 4,147 772
Tabuyoc 1,169 257
Vacante 1,734 328

Local governmentEdit

Binalonan's Chief Executive is Mayor Ramon N. Guico, Jr.

Municipal sealEdit

The topmost structure depicted on the municipal seal is an image of the municipality's Municipal Hall. Below it on the left is a depiction of the antenna of Digital Communications, the center of communications for Regions I, II and CAR.

Beside the antenna is a representation of a subsidiary source of income in Binalonan: the raising of chickens and hogs. At the bottom, the left image is that of rice stalks, the municipality's main product. Beside it is the picture of a sugar cane, which is the main ingredient for Binalonan's top products — basi, suka and muskuvado (brown sugar). The shield encasing these images means that Binalonan is under the province of Pangasinan.

TourismEdit

Binalonan Rock Garden defines the town with century-old acacia trees guarding the walking pavements, benches, Balikbayan Hall, basketball court and the pathway towards the historic Santo Nino Parish Church.

The town's interesting points include:

  • The Santo Nino Parish Church is the town's landmark and Spanish colonial architectural legacy
  • Mount Paldingan Stations of the Cross in Barangay Santa Catalina[5]
  • The town has a central transport terminal, a Bagsakan Center (wholesale trade) library and community eCenter
  • The New Market Shed and Food Terminal were opened on 27 September 2012
  • The Binalonan Airfield and Binalonan airport
  • Balon-Balon Festival and Fiesta
  • Rupertos Inland Resort
  • Balangobong field
  • Binalonan Fiesta - vibrant festival with various activities and street performers
  • Razons Binalonan owned by Edna "Perlita" Tink

Parish of the Holy Child ChurchEdit

 
1841 Parish of the Holy Child Church

The 1841 (19th century architecture) Santo Niño Parish Church, in under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan, Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta. Its Feast Day is 3rd Sunday of January, with Parish Priest, Father Elisar Christopher M. Itchon and Parochial Vicar, Father Jun G. Laya and Vicar Forane, Father Elpidio F. Silva Jr.[11][12][13][14]

Fr. Julian Izaga founded San Felipe, the origin of the Church and town freed from Manaoag since 1834, and moved to Santa Catalina, where he built church and a convent of light materials. Fr. Ramon Fernandez transferred the town in 1938 to the present site..

The Dominicans founded Binalonan Parish in 1841, under Kura Paroko, Fr. Domingo Llue and then, by Fr,. Policarpio Illana who began construction of the Church in 1842.

Fr. Antonio Vinelas erected in 1855 a bigger church, with Fr. Ruperto Alarcon's construction in 1861. Fr. Juan Fernandez (1861-1865) built a provisional church. In 1866–1873, Fr. Felix Cantador added old convent walls, while Fr. P.del Campo finished the Church. In 1879,

The October 19, 1881 typhoon destroyed the 1879 Church. Father Silvestre Fernandez added the 3 naves rehabilitation due to the earthquake of 1882. The Church was placed under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of El Santisimo Nombre de Jesus. In the Hispano-American War the church was destroyed.

After the 1898 Revolution, Fr. Mariano Pacis became the Pastor of Manaoag and Binalonan, but it was Fr. Pio Mabutas who finished the Church in 1930. The Japanese destroyed the Church except the miraculous image of Santo Nino.

Fr. Pablo Evangelista rehabilitated the Church in 1946 and Fr. Leon Bitanga reconstructed in until 1961, founding the Holy Child Academy.

It was only on January 30, 2008 that the Church's marker was imposed upon generous donations of New York and New Jersey Binalonans (Joey and Remy Castelo-Sellona and Drs. Jose and Violy Quintos. (Source: Church marker, 2008).[14][15][16][17][18][19]

InfrastructureEdit

HealthcareEdit

  • Hospitals:
  • Rural Health Unit/Centers: 8
  • Barangay Health Stations: 24
  • Malnutrition Rate: 9.06%
  • Severely Underweight: 1.17%
  • Moderately Underweight: 7.88%
  • No. of Day Care Workers: 29
  • No. of Day Care Centers: 29
  • No. of Day Care Children: 544
  • Contraceptive Prevalence Rate: 51%

SanitationEdit

Surveys show that 8,238 homes in Binalonan have water-sealed sewer/septic tank toilets which are used exclusively by members of the household.

Garbage is disposed of through burning.

Education (SY 2009 to 2009)Edit

Elementary Secondary
Number of schools
Government 22 6
Private 6 2
Total enrollment
Government 7,376 3,729
Private 919 113
Number of teachers 287 169
Number of classrooms 295 109

Other education centers include the WCC Aeronautical and Technological College (World Citi Colleges, (WCC) Aviation Company), an expansive facility which contains the Binalonan Airfield), St. Michael de Archangel College, Manantan Technical School, Holy Child Academy parochial school and Juan G. Macaraeg National High School.

WCC Aeronautical and Technological College, the aeronautical school that sits at the heart of Binalonan, Pangasinan.[20] It also has the College of Engineering and Aviation Technology, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Tourism, and Flight Attendant Course. It offers the Flight Navigator Trainers Procedure II with MRO facilities, including its Airbus A320 full flight simulator.[21]

Portrayals of Binalonan in literature and mediaEdit

Binalonan figures prominently in the novel America is in the Heart by Filipino-American writer Carlos Bulosan, who was born in Binalonan. The first part of the semi-autobiographical novel features the struggles of Allos, the novel's main character, as he grows up as the son of a peasant farmer in Binalonan. The town has a memorial and street named after Bulosan just north of the municipal hall and town market.

Notable peopleEdit

Notable people who either were born or resided in Binalonan include:

Image galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Binalonan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Binalonan, the next university town
  6. ^ "Binalonan, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  7. ^ Binalonan | The Official Website of the Province of Pangasinan and its People
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2012-12-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Capital of Pangasinan: All Churches in Pangasinan
  13. ^ Santo Niño Parish Church
  14. ^ a b List of Catholic Dioceses in Asia | Asian Catholic Directory | Ucanews Archived September 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan Archived February 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan: Vicariate of Santo Tomas de Aquino". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  17. ^ "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Archived from the original on 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  18. ^ Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Urdaneta City, Pangasinan, Philippines
  19. ^ "Diocese of Urdaneta". Archived from the original on 2004-03-27. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ Town mayor leads dynamic business with heart for public service | Business As Usual, Business Features, The Philippine Star | philstar.com

External linksEdit