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William P. Yellowtail (born January 8, 1948) is former Montana State Senator from the Crow Indian Reservation in Wyola, and is a member of the federally recognized Apsaalooke tribe.

William P. Yellowtail
Former member of the Montana Senate
In office
Personal details
Born (1948-01-08) January 8, 1948 (age 71)
Wyola, Montana, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Margarette Carlson-Yellowtail
Alma materDartmouth College


Yellowtail grew up on his family's cattle ranch on the Crow Indian Reservation in Montana.[1] He is a 1971 graduate of Dartmouth College, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Geography and Environmental Studies after a brief period of absence from the college.[2]

Early political careerEdit

Yellowtail served on the Montana Senate from 1985[3] to 1993,[4] representing Big Horn, Rosebud and Powder River counties and was a Regional Administrator of Region VIII of the Environmental Protection Agency from 1994 to 1996, when he stepped down.

Later in 1996, he ran an unsuccessful campaign against Republican Rick Hill for Montana's lone seat in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat.[5][6] He was defeated in a controversial campaign notorious for mudslinging efforts by himself and Hill.[7][8][9][10]

He returned to the EPA shortly thereafter to his former post, but suffered further scandal for allegedly unknowingly violating the Hatch Act in 2000.[11][12]

Business careerEdit

Yellowtail is now an employee with Off the Beaten Path in Bozeman, Montana,[13] and has served on the boards of directors for the Burton K. Wheeler Center for Public Policy in Montana,[14] the National Audubon Society,[15] and the Humanities Montana organization.[16]

He serves on the advisory committee for the One Montana nonprofit organization.[17] As a prominent Crow Indian, he recently served as the MSU Emeritus Katz Chair in Native American Studies[18] and advocated for tribal relations with the EPA during his tenure as its Region VIII Administrator.[19]


  1. ^ "Emeritus Katz Chair, Bill Yellowtail". Retrieved 2016-03-15.
  2. ^ Narula, Svati (November 1, 2012). "Strangers in a Strange Land". Dartmouth Alumni Magazine. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  3. ^ Ritz, Nancy (January 7, 1985). "History and final status of bills and resolutions of the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Montana". Internet Archive. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  4. ^ Kennedy, Tre (January 4, 1993). "History and final status of bills and resolutions of the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Montana". Internet Archive. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  5. ^ Carle, Robin (November 5, 1996). "STATISTICS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 5, 1996". Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  6. ^ Matthews, Mark (April 1, 1996). "Yellowtail throws in his hat". High Country News. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  7. ^ Wilkinson, Todd (June 7, 1996). ""Indian Cowboy"'s Quest for Capitol Hill". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  8. ^ Anez, Bob (October 24, 1996). "Montana Voters To Choose Between Adulterer, Spouse Abuser". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  9. ^ Brooke, James (August 11, 1996). "Crime, Scandal and Other Yawners". New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  10. ^ Goodman, Ellen (October 25, 1996). "The candidate's three worst moments". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  11. ^ "EPA makes changes in Denver Regional Office" (Press release). April 28, 2000. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  12. ^ "National News Briefs; E.P.A. Aide Steps Aside After Ethics Inquiry". New York Times. April 29, 2000. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Off the Beaten Path Guides". Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Emeritus Katz Chair, Bill Yellowtail". Montana State University. August 8, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  15. ^ Seideman, David (June 1, 2003). "Sacred Trust". Audubon. Retrieved April 30, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Members of the Montana Council for the Humanities/Humanities Montana, 1972-2014". Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "Staff, Board, and Advisory Committee". One Montana. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  18. ^ Schmidt, Carol (October 10, 2006). "Yellowtail tabbed as MSU endowed chair in Native American Studies". MSU News. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  19. ^ Browner, Carol (March 14, 1994). "EPA Indian Policy" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved April 30, 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External linksEdit

  • [1] Property and Environment Research Center article on Indian Sovereignty, by Yellowtail
  • [2] Interview with Yellowtail on capitalism
  • [3] Interview with Yellowtail on Native Americans

Further readingEdit

Josephy, Alvin M., Jr. Lewis and Clark through Indian Eyes. 1st ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.