Captain William Leonard Grayden (born Wilbur Ives, 5 August 1920) is a former Australian politician.
|Member of the Australian House of Representatives for Swan|
10 December 1949 – 29 May 1954
|Preceded by||Len Hamilton|
|Succeeded by||Harry Webb|
|Member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly|
15 March 1947 – 10 December 1949
|Preceded by||James Hegney|
|Succeeded by||James Hegney|
7 April 1956 – 6 February 1993
|Preceded by||George Yates|
|Succeeded by||Phillip Pendal|
5 August 1920
Bickley, Western Australia
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
Betsy Marie Chadwick
(m. 1948; died 2007)
|Relations||Nat Harper (grandfather) David Grayden (brother)|
|Children||5 sons and 5 daughters|
|Residence||South Perth, Western Australia|
|Service/||Second Australian Imperial Force|
|Years of service||1940–1946|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Member of the Order of Australia|
Grayden was born Wilbur Ives on 5 August 1920 in Bickley, Western Australia. He was one of three children born to Ethel May Harper and Aubrey Leonard Ives, including his younger brother David who also entered politics. Grayden's father participated in the landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, and lost a lung after being shot by a Turkish sniper. The marriage broke up and his mother gave the children their step-father's surname after she remarried. Grayden is the maternal grandson of Western Australian businessman and politician Nat Harper.
Grayden was educated at state schools and then at Perth Technical College, as part of an apprenticeship commenced in 1938 as a motor mechanic with Winterbottom Motors. He attempted to enlist in the Australian Army when the Second World War broke out in September 1939, but was rejected. He succeeded the following year after lying about his age. Grayden joined the 2/16th Infantry Battalion as a private, but was soon promoted to corporal and then selected to attend Officer Training School in Bonegilla. He served on the Syrian campaign and then in 1942 was sent to New Guinea, where he took part in the Kokoda Track campaign, the Battle of Buna–Gona, and the Markham and Ramu Valley campaign. He ended the war in Borneo and took part in the Battle of Balikpapan.
State and federal politics: 1946–1954Edit
Grayden stood as an independent in the Division of Swan at the 1946 federal election. At the 1947 Western Australian state election, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly as the Liberal member for Middle Swan. He was the youngest member of the parliament.
State politics: 1956–1993Edit
In 1956 he led an enquiry into the state of the Aboriginal people. The resulting report by the select committee was tabled in the Western Australian Parliament in December 1956, officially called the Report of the Select Committee appointed to Enquire into Native Welfare Conditions in the Laverton-Warburton Range Area, also known as the Grayden Report. It brought to public consciousness the dreadful plight of many of the nomadic Wongi peoples, and after newspaper publicity the affair developed into what became known as the Warburton Ranges controversy, leading to much public discussion, lobbying of both federal and state governments, and Indigenous activism. The latter contributed to a national movement campaigning for the rights of Indigenous Australians, including the formation of what is now known as Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders (FCAATSI).
He served as a minister in a number of capacities: Labour and Industry 1974–1978; Consumer Affairs 1974–1978; Immigration and Tourism 1974–1975; and Education, Cultural Affairs and Recreation 1978–1982. Grayden left the Assembly in 1993.
At 98 years old, he recited the ode of remembrance at round 6 of the 2019 AFL season.
- Hunter, Claire (8 August 2018). "Mateship meant everything". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- "William Leonard Grayden". Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Carr, Adam (2008). "Australian Election Archive". Psephos, Adam Carr's Election Archive. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- Grayden, Bill (1989). "Hon Bill Grayden AM" (PDF). Perth, WA: Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- "Warburton Ranges controversy, 1957". National Museum of Australia. 26 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- Malcolm Farnsworth (2020). "Living Former Members Of The House Of Representatives (1949-1972)".
- 98 year old William 'Bill' Grayden recites the Ode (Nat Fyfe shows respect) Round 6 2019
|Parliament of Australia|
| Member for Swan
|Western Australian Legislative Assembly|
| Member for Middle Swan
| Member for South Perth