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William "Bill" K. English (born 1938) is an American computer engineer who contributed to the development of the computer mouse while working for Douglas Engelbart at SRI International's Augmentation Research Center.[2][3] He would later work for Xerox PARC and Sun Microsystems.

William English
William English in 2008.jpg
William English in 2008
Known forDevelopment of the computer mouse
Scientific career
InstitutionsSRI International's ARC
Xerox PARC
Sun Microsystems


English joined SRI in the 1960s to work on magnetic drives, and built one of the first all-magnetic arithmetic units with Hewitt Crane.[4] In 1964, he was the first person to join Douglas Engelbart's lab, the Augmentation Research Center.

He and Douglas Engelbart share credit for creating the first computer mouse in 1963; English built the initial prototype, and was its first user, based on Engelbart's notes.[5] English led a 1965 project, sponsored by NASA, which evaluated the best way to select a point on a computer display; the mouse was the winner.[4][6] English was also instrumental at The Mother of All Demos in 1968, which showcased the mouse and other technologies developed as part of their NLS (oN-Line System).[4] In particular, English figured out how to connect a terminal in the San Francisco Civic Auditorium to the host computer at SRI, and also transmitted audio and video between the locations.[4]

He left SRI in 1971 and went to Xerox PARC, where he managed the Office Systems Research Group. While working at PARC, English developed a ball mouse, in which a ball replaced the original set of wheels.[2] It worked similar to a moveable ball-based mouse device called Rollkugel, which had been developed by Telefunken, Germany, and was offered since 1968 as input device for their computers.[5][7]

In 1989, he went to work for Sun Microsystems on internationalization efforts.[2][8]


  1. ^ Shearer, Benjamin F. (2007). Home Front Heroes: A Biographical Dictionary of Americans During Wartime. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 277. ISBN 9780313334214. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Bill English". Computer History Museum. Archived from the original on 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
  3. ^ Shearer, Benjamin (2007). Home Front Heroes: A Biographical Dictionary of Americans During Wartime, Volume 1. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 277. ISBN 0-313-33421-8.
  4. ^ a b c d "Alumni Hall of Fame 2006: Bill English". SRI International. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  5. ^ a b "Auf den Spuren der deutschen Computermaus" [In the footsteps of the German computer mouse] (in German). Heise Verlag. 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  6. ^ "Mouse". Doug Engelbart Institute. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  7. ^ "Telefunken's 'Rollkugel'".
  8. ^ "Bill English: Early Computer Mouse Encounters Lecture". Archived from the original on 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2013-01-25.