The Bignon Commission (French: commission Bignon; 1693–1718) was a group directed by the French minister Colbert to examine the feasibility of compiling a description of all the arts and industrial processes used in France. It was headed by Abbé Bignon, who selected the royal typographer Jacques Jaugeon, the scholar Gilles Filleau des Billettes, and Father Sébastien Truchet to assist him. As part of their participation, the three were named to the Academy by King Louis XIV in 1699.
The commission reported that the project would be feasible and began by examining French printing and typography, as the "art by which all others are preserved". As part of the project, Jaugeon and Truchet established the first typographic point system, vector fonts, the bitmap, slanted italic type,[n 1] and the Romain du Roi ("King's Roman") font, which later developed into Times New Roman.
In 1710, the work continued under a new chief editor, René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur. The commission was reorganized in 1718, with other groups continuing its work. The release of Diderot and D'Alembert's Encyclopedia in 1750 finally caused the Academy to finally publish a 73-volume Descriptions of the Arts and Trades but it remains generally unknown.
See also edit
- André, Jacques; et al. (1999), "Father Truchet, the typographic point, the Romain du roi, and tilings" (PDF), TUGboat, vol. XX, No. 1, pp. 8–14.
- Porchez, Jean François (2004), "Nationality and Type Design", Typofonderie.
- Sturdy, David J. (1995), Science and Social Status: The Members of the Académie des Sciences, 1666–1750, Woodbridge: St Edmundsbury Press for the Boydell Press, ISBN 0-85115-395-X.