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Big Springs is a village in Deuel County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 400 at the 2010 census.

Big Springs, Nebraska
Downtown Big Springs, looking north up Pine Street
Downtown Big Springs, looking north up Pine Street
Location of Big Springs, Nebraska
Location of Big Springs, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°3′48″N 102°4′30″W / 41.06333°N 102.07500°W / 41.06333; -102.07500Coordinates: 41°3′48″N 102°4′30″W / 41.06333°N 102.07500°W / 41.06333; -102.07500
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyDeuel
Area
 • Total0.44 sq mi (1.15 km2)
 • Land0.44 sq mi (1.15 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,373 ft (1,028 m)
Population
 • Total400
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
390
 • Density880.36/sq mi (339.90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
69122
Area code(s)308
FIPS code31-04895[4]
GNIS feature ID0827434[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first name of the settlement was "Lone Tree", after a large cottonwood tree standing alone on the prairie near the town. It was believed to be over 100 years old at the time of first settlement and could be seen by riders on the Pony Express and travelers on the Oregon Trail. Sam Bass's gang reportedly divided $60,000 in loot under the tree from an 1877 robbery of a Union Pacific train.[6]

The railroad named this stop "Big Springs" in 1867. Spring water from near the track was used by steam locomotives until 1950.[6]

Big Springs was platted in 1884,[7] and named for the stream that runs through town.[8] The Big Springs post office, established in 1884, was officially called Bigspring until 1943.[9] The village of Big Springs was incorporated in 1917.[10]

The county fair was held in Big Springs from 1889-1932. Chappell, the only other town in the county, became the county seat.[6]

In 1884, the first church services were held by the Rev. E. E. Mount in the Phelps Hotel. The first church in the county, called Prospect Church, was a sod building constructed 9 miles (14 km) north of town in 1887.[6]

GeographyEdit

Big Springs is located at 41°3′48″N 102°4′30″W / 41.06333°N 102.07500°W / 41.06333; -102.07500 (41.063399, -102.075111).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.44 square miles (1.14 km2), all of it land.[12]

Interstate 76 intersects Interstate 80 near the village. U.S. Route 30, formerly known as the Lincoln Highway, intersects U.S. Route 138 about 3 miles north.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1920408
193059545.8%
1940569−4.4%
1950527−7.4%
1960506−4.0%
1970472−6.7%
19805057.0%
1990495−2.0%
2000418−15.6%
2010400−4.3%
Est. 2017390[3]−2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 400 people, 186 households, and 119 families residing in the village. The population density was 909.1 inhabitants per square mile (351.0/km2). There were 217 housing units at an average density of 493.2 per square mile (190.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 94.5% White, 0.8% Native American, 2.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.0% of the population.

There were 186 households of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.65.

The median age in the village was 50.1 years. 18.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.6% were from 25 to 44; 37.1% were from 45 to 64; and 22% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.8% male and 51.3% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 418 people, 187 households, and 124 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,135.0 people per square mile (436.2/km²). There were 216 housing units at an average density of 586.5 per square mile (225.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.93% White, 0.48% Native American, 3.35% from other races, and 0.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.26% of the population.

There were 187 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the village, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 27.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $29,583, and the median income for a family was $39,375. Males had a median income of $25,536 versus $15,962 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,319. About 5.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 12, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b c d "Big Springs, Deuel County". Virtual Nebraska. University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  7. ^ Shumway, Grant Lee (1921). History of Western Nebraska and Its People. Western publishing & engraving Company. p. 204.
  8. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 52. A 1925 edition is available for download at University of Nebraska—Lincoln Digital Commons.
  9. ^ "Deuel County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 27 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  10. ^ Shumway, Grant Lee (1921). History of Western Nebraska and Its People. Western publishing & engraving Company. p. 232.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.