Big Brother (American TV series)
Big Brother is a television reality game show based on the Dutch TV series of the same name created by producer John de Mol and Ron W Diesel  in 1997. The series takes its name from the character in George Orwell's 1949 novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. The series launched on July 5, 2000 on CBS and is currently the second longest-running adaptation in the Big Brother franchise to date after the Spanish version.
Logo used from 2001-2013
|Also known as||Big Brother USA|
|Starring||Big Brother houseguests|
|Theme music composer|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||22|
|No. of episodes||781 (list of episodes)|
|Production location(s)||Studio City, California|
|Original release||July 5, 2000 –|
The show broadly follows the premise of other versions of the format, in which a group of contestants, known as "HouseGuests" live together in a specially constructed house that is isolated from the outside world. The HouseGuests are continuously monitored during their stay in the house by live television cameras as well as personal audio microphones. Throughout the course of the competition, HouseGuests are evicted from the house, by being voted out of the competition. The last remaining HouseGuest wins the competition and is awarded a cash prize of $500,000. In its inaugural season (which followed the original Dutch format), ratings declined and critical reaction grew increasingly negative prompting the series to be revamped for the second season, which focused on competition and gameplay.
On May 15, 2019, it was announced that the series had been renewed through its 22nd season. CBS later announced on May 20, 2019 that the 21st season would premiere on June 25, 2019. On July 23, 2020, after production delays due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it was announced that the 22nd season would be an "All-Stars" edition (consisting of only previous houseguests), premiering on August 5, 2020. The "All-Stars" format was originally used in season 7.
In addition to the main series, there have been two spin-offs: Big Brother: Over the Top, which aired for one season and was the first reality game show to air exclusively on a streaming platform airing in Fall 2016 on CBS' streaming service, CBS All Access; and Celebrity Big Brother, which aired on CBS in February 2018.
The series was bought by CBS in early 2000 for an estimated $20 million. The American version of the series officially premiered on July 5, 2000, when the original ten housemates entered the house. Since its inception, the show has been hosted by television personality Julie Chen Moonves.[note 1] It is produced by Allison Grodner and Rich Meehan for Fly on the Wall Entertainment and Endemol Shine North America (formerly Endemol USA). The success of the series has spawned several spin-offs. The series airs once a year, during the summer, with the exception of the ninth season which aired in the spring of 2008 and the Over the Top spinoff series broadcasting in fall 2016. Currently, 22 seasons of the show have aired, along with one digital season. Season 22 premiered on August 5, 2020. The show has aired a total of 746 episodes since it premiered, with the September 5, 2013 airing marking the 500th episode. To date, there have been a total of 272 HouseGuests compete in the series. Upon entering the house, the HouseGuests must abide the rules set in the house; HouseGuests can anytime leave the house without permission, or be forcibly removed from the game if they broke any rules, such as exhibiting violent and disruptive behavior. In both cases, these HouseGuests are not allowed to return to the house and usually incorporated with a penalty such as not allowed to be involved in a jury. To date, three HouseGuests withdrew from the competition and four HouseGuests were expelled from the House because of a rule violation.
Since its premiere, there have been numerous companion programs about the show. In 2004, the web series House Calls: The Big Brother Talk Show (2004-2008) began airing. The series, which lasted for thirty minutes and aired on weeknights, allowed fans to call in and discuss the events of the game. This made House Calls the first live Internet talk show produced exclusively for a television network. The series was initially hosted by Gretchen Massey and Big Brother 3 HouseGuest Marcellas Reynolds during its first two seasons. Beginning with the show's third season, a new co-host was featured on the series each day, with some returning more than once. During the show's fifth and sixth seasons, each co-host was given a designated day of the week to host alongside Gretchen. Following the show's sixth season, it was confirmed that it would not be renewed. Big Brother: After Dark, a second companion series, was debuted in 2007 and aired on Showtime Too nightly from 12:00 midnight-3:00am Eastern Time. The series continued this schedule until 2013, at which point it was moved to TVGN (now Pop), where it remains today. Former HouseGuest Jeff Schroeder began hosting the Big Brother: Live Chat online discussion show in 2012, where he interviewed the HouseGuests both before they enter the house and following their evictions. He also performed post-finale backyard interviews with the cast. On August 10, 2017, Schroeder announced that he was moving to Colorado and would no longer be able to do the interviews. For Big Brother 20, the "Live Chat" was replaced by Off the Block with Ross and Marissa. Hosted by former Celebrity HouseGuests Marissa Jaret Winokur and Ross Mathews, the show is set to air on Fridays on Facebook following the live eviction.
There have been two spin-off editions of Big Brother. In October 2016, CBS premiered a spin-off web series, Big Brother: Over the Top, as an original series for CBS All Access. Unlike the flagship, television version, it was broadcast exclusively online with a shorter, 10-week season. The second spin-off, Celebrity Big Brother, aired its first season on CBS on February 7, 2018. Celebrity Big Brother was renewed for a second season, which premiered on January 21, 2019 and concluded on February 13. However, on January 1, 2020, CBS announced there will be no Celebrity Big Brother this year.
Though not an actual spin-off, the Canadian edition of the series is the first and, currently, only series to adopt the full American format of Big Brother. However, other franchises have used elements of the American format, including the 2020 revival of the Big Brother Australia, which uses an altered version of the American format with the Australian public still deciding the eventual winner. Other franchises such as Big Brother Brasil soon adopted individual elements from the American format (Veto Competition, Have/Have-Nots, and Head of Household) into their format while still maintaining the international public vote format for weekly evictions.
Big Brother is a game show in which a group of contestants, referred to as HouseGuests, live in a custom-built "house" (actually a set built on a CBS stage in Los Angeles, Stage 18 since season 6), constantly under video surveillance. While in the house, the contestants are completely isolated from the outside world, meaning no phone, television, Internet, magazines, newspapers or contact with those not in the house. This rule could be broken, however, in the event of a medical injury, a family emergency or death. The format of the series is mainly seen as a social experiment, and requires HouseGuests to interact with others who may have differing ideals, beliefs, and prejudices. While a competition, the series allows viewers to witness the relationships formed in the house and the behavior of the HouseGuests. Though locked in the house, the HouseGuests are free to quit the game, though they will not be allowed entry back into the house. Should a HouseGuest break the rules of the game, they could be expelled from the house and unable to return. The contestants compete for a grand prize of $500,000.
Season 1 FormatEdit
The premiere season, the format of the show resembled the original Dutch version of the show-- a format adapted by most versions. As the format of the show emphasized the social experiment aspects of the premise, the competitive aspects were minimized: HouseGuests did not compete for power or safety, and the nominations process was not discussed by the HouseGuests.
Every two weeks, each HouseGuest participated in a mandatory voting called Nomination which decide a list of HouseGuests nominated for eviction, also known as "Marked for banishment". Each HouseGuest secretly nominated two other fellow housemates, providing full reasons for their nominations. In the event of a tie, the two or more HouseGuests with the most nominations became marked for banishment and faced the public vote for the following week. Towards the end of the season, the nominations process reverted to a weekly process.
After the nominations were finalized, a public voting window opens for America who vote for which HouseGuest would be banished through televoting. This process continued until three HouseGuests remained, where the final vote was changed to determine the winner of the show. The winner won the $500,000 prize, the runner-up left with $100,000 and 3rd place left with $50,000. The competition however, received negative reception from both critics and viewers.
Having spent millions on the series, CBS issued a second season of the series and announced that various changes would occur with the format The current format of the series is focused more on competition and strategy than the original series, which makes a resemblance to the format from another CBS show, Survivor.
At the start of each week in the house, the HouseGuests compete for three types of competitions, Head of Household, Have-Not, and the Power of Veto. For the Head of Household, HouseGuest compete for immunity from eviction and the power to nominate two HouseGuest for the eviction, and often receive privileges such as their own personal bedroom and free laundry service; however, the incumbent Head of Household would not be able to compete in the following week's Head of Household competition, meaning that a HouseGuest could not hold the title for a second consecutive week, except for the final week or other stated circumstances. For the Power of Veto (introduced in Season 3), any HouseGuests compete for the right to replace any nominated HouseGuest from the eviction, which would continue until three HouseGuest remains. Introduced in Season 7 is Have-Not competitions, where losing HouseGuests were penalized with a "Have-Not" diet by eating slop and sleep in a special bedroom for the remainder of the week.
At the end of the week, all HouseGuests except for three (the Head of Household and the two nominees) would then cast a vote, one-by-one, to determine which of the two nominees should be evicted; the HouseGuest receiving a majority of the eligible HouseGuest's votes is evicted during a live episode; if there is a tie in the voting, the reigning Head of Household is required to publicly make the tie-breaker decision. Unlike other versions of Big Brother, the HouseGuests may discuss the nomination and eviction process openly and freely.
Since season 5, the "Double Eviction Week" or "Fast Forward Week" with the game events of the week (HoH and Veto Competitions, as well as Nominations, Veto and Eviction cermoneies) occur in an accelerated format, so that two HouseGuests are evicted over a week. The "Double Eviction Week" has become a staple of the show, particularly in the penultimate week featuring the Final 5 and Final 4 evictions. Another variation of the Double Eviction was introduced in the first season 7 with the "Double Eviction Night" where the events of the week occur over the course of the Live Eviction episode, with the event also becoming a staple of the show. The 22nd season, introduced the "Triple Eviction Night", where two weeks worth of game events are played within an extended Live Eviction episode so that three HouseGuests are evicted. The "Triple Eviction Night" was previously used on Big Brother Canada with a different format - where a single live round was played, with three Nominees and Two HouseGuests being evicted.
About halfway through the game, the evicted HouseGuests become members of the Big Brother Jury; this Jury vote on the winner of the series between the Two Finalist. The members of the Jury are not shown any Diary Room interviews or any footage that may include strategy or details regarding nominations. In seasons 2 and 3, all HouseGuests who were evicted except those who either walked or removed from the game are not eligible, but due to a possibility of a tie and an American public vote is decisive, the jury is only eligible for only the seven recently evicted HouseGuests beginning season 4 (known as Jury of Seven), before increasing to nine members (Jury of Nine) starting season 15. Once only two HouseGuests remain, the members of the Jury would cast the votes to decide the winner by placing their keys with the name to the slots (versus stating their choice to eliminate, as in all other votes). The winning HouseGuest wins a $500,000 cash prize and the runner-up with $50,000. Members who either walked or removed but was part of the Jury remained as a member but is not allowed to vote, instead the vote is decided by the public, as it was first seen in season 11 where Chima Simone was removed from the game while she was still part of the jury and host Chen Moonves represented her vote in her behalf; the America voted eventual winner Jordan Lloyd to win, which it does in a 5-2 vote.
To keep the series intriguing, each season typically features a new twist to change the format of the game. This began with Season 3 and the famous "Expect the Unexpected" twist. Other seasons feature smaller twists that have a smaller impact on the game, usually affecting that sole week. The most notable example of this is Pandora's Box, a twist that originated in Season 11. The twist sees the current Head of Household for that week being tempted by the box, and can choose to either open the box or leave it. Should a HouseGuest choose to open Pandora's Box, both good and bad consequences could be unleashed into the house; these can affect not only the Head of Household, but the other housemates, possibly including the HouseGuest who opens it. Similar formats are applied in later seasons, for example, the Den of Temptation introduced in season 19. Secret powers have also appeared in the past. Mike Malin was the first HouseGuest to receive a secret power, earning the Coup d'État during Big Brother: All-Stars (2006). The Coup d'État allowed the holder to remove one or both nominees from the block on eviction night, as well as choose who is nominated in their place. Malin chose not to use the power and it subsequently returned during Big Brother 11 (2009) when Schroeder was given the power by the viewers. Matt Hoffman was given a Diamond Power of Veto during Big Brother 12 (2010), which allowed him to remove one HouseGuest from the block and choose the replacement nominee. During Season 14, HouseGuest and eventual winner Ian Terry won a second Power of Veto, which have the same functionality as a regular Power of Veto.
Many seasons have featured twists in which evicted HouseGuests can win reentry into the house, either by public vote or competition. Normally, this involves sequestering each eliminated contestant individually or in the jury house (depending on whether the twist occurred pre-jury or post-jury, respectively). Contestants who 'self-evict' (quit the game voluntarily) or was 'forcibly removed' (expelled from the game due to a rule violation) are ineligible to return in these twists. Examples of the twists employed in various seasons are listed below.
- In season 3, the first four evictees were asked what they would give up to re-enter the house and the two that listed the most faced a house vote.
- In season 6, the first four evictees faced a public vote.
- In season 9, the first six evictees faced a public vote, before facing a house vote on whether to bring back the most recent evictee or the "mystery HouseGuest" chosen by America.
- In season 13, the first four evictees faced a public vote before the winner competed against the most recent, evictee for reentry.
- Each Season from 15 to 18 in addition to season 20, the first few jurors competed in a competition to re-enter. In seasons 15, 17 and 18, said competition coincided with that week's Head of Household competition.
- In seasons 18 and 19 the first five evictees competed in a series of knockout competitions until the last competition where the winning HouseGuest won reentry.
- In season 20, one of the Power Apps granted a contestant a chance at reentry upon eviction.
- In season 21, a twist allowed four HouseGuests to be banished and compete in a challenge to allow reentry in a game; later, the banished HouseGuest and the first three evictees would be sequestered in a "Camp Comeback" after the first eviction and would compete in a challenge at the end of the third week where the winning HouseGuest won reentry.
Jessie Godderz has made the most Big Brother appearances in the show's history by far, appearing in Seasons 10 and 11 as a Houseguest and then again in Seasons 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 20 and also on Celebrity Big Brother Season 1, in surprise return Special Guest Appearances. He also appeared in a special Big Brother Press Day edition of the series exclusively for CBS.com during Season 16. Victor Arroyo is the first HouseGuest to be evicted three times in the same season, having won two separate Battle Back competitions to gain reentry into the house, only to be permanently evicted on Day 90, taking fifth place. Cliff Hogg III became the second HouseGuest to be eliminated from the game three times. He was first banished and won re-entry, then he was evicted and won the Camp Comeback competition to gain reentry into the house, only to be permanently evicted on Day 93, taking fourth place.
Two contestants, Dan Gheesling and Paul Abrahamian, are the only players that have lasted until the Final 2 in two separate seasons and faced a final jury vote; Gheesling became the first HouseGuest to win with an unanimous Jury vote of 7-0 during the first season appearance (the other HouseGuest was Tamar Braxton on the second Celebrity season), while Abrahamian become the first HouseGuest to neither win a season during his two appearances after losing to Nicole Franzel and Josh Martinez, both in a 5-4 jury vote. A third HouseGuest to achieve the distinction occurred on season 22 where two of the final three HouseGuests had made it to the Final 2 on their original season, guaranteeing one contestant to do so.
America's Favorite HouseGuestEdit
Introduced in the first All-stars season in season 7 and has done so in all season finale except season 8 and Over-The-Top, viewers of Big Brother would cast a vote to decide the fan favorite HouseGuest this season for a cash award of $25,000. The results are announced following the finale of the respective season.
During the season's debut, the award is only eligible to the Jury of Seven (hence the award was called America's Favorite Juror or America's Choice Jury Prize), before expanding the eligibility to all HouseGuests (including the winner) beginning Season 11. HouseGuests who either walked or expelled from the season are ineligible. The voting percentages were also revealed live but it has been dropped since Season 17.
Since its launch in the United States, Big Brother has aired on CBS. The show is simulcast in Canada on Global. The fourth and ninth seasons have both aired in the United Kingdom, the latter airing in the Spring season. The first season featured a total of six episodes per week, though all future installments would air three nights per week. Of these three episodes, the weekly eviction episode is the only one that is live; this is the only episode to feature host Julie Chen. This show generally airs on Thursdays. To date, there have been a total of 746 episodes of the series to air. With the exception of the ninth season, the series typically airs once a year during the summer season. The first 15 seasons aired in standard definition, with the 16th season being the first to be produced in HD. However, the live internet feeds would not broadcast in HD until Big Brother 17. Before the series made the transfer, it was the last remaining regularly scheduled prime-time series to remain in standard definition. CBS released the entire third season as a nine-disc set on Region 1 DVD. This made it the first season to receive an official release, and has since become a rare item to find. The fourth season saw the release of a two-disc highlights DVD, featuring previously unseen footage deemed too racy for the main broadcast. To date, these are the only seasons to see a physical release. Beginning with the seventh season, all future seasons are available for purchase on digital retail sites. With the 15th season, TVGN (now Pop) began airing re-runs of the series at later dates, making it the first season to be aired following its premiere; this continued with the 16th season. Subscribers to CBS All Access are able to stream the complete run of Big Brother-- including the differently-formatted first season-- and an episode of Big Brother 2 that did not air in most markets due to ongoing coverage of the September 11 attacks. CBS aired the spin-off series Celebrity Big Brother from February 7–25, 2018. It was the first spin-off to air on the broadcast network and the second season overall to air in the winter television season (the other being season 9). The celebrity edition aired in a concentrated run with fewer episodes, but with multiple episodes each week.
Live Internet feedsEdit
One of the main aspects of the series is the live feeds, in which viewers can view inside the house at any time. The live feeds have been a part of the series since its inception, initially being offered as a free service during the first season. From the second season onward, a subscription to the live feeds has been required, with the price ranging each year. The first season's feeds were available on the show's official site, hosted by AOL. From the second season to the 14th season, the feeds were available through RealNetworks either as a subscription or as a free addition for Gold members. With the 15th season onward, the live feeds have aired on the official CBS website, again requiring a subscription from users. Though advertised as being available at any time, the feeds are shut off during the weekly nomination ceremony, Power of Veto ceremony, and the competitions and evictions for that week; this is to provide suspense for the series. Slanderous statements and singing of copyrighted music are also blocked for legal reasons.
Head of Household (HOH)Edit
The Head of Household competition is held at the beginning of each week and is most often occurred during the live eviction episode. Most often, the first Head of Household competition will require HouseGuests to participate either in pairs or in teams. While the fourth, fifth and eighth seasons had the HouseGuests competing in pairs, seasons 6, 7, 11, 12, 14, 15 and 16 all saw HouseGuests participated as group. The live Head of Household competitions are typically question-based, and will see HouseGuests eliminated in each round. Competitions such as "Majority Rules" have been used numerous times, with the game being played in the fourth, fifth, sixth, eighth, 10th and 12th seasons; a variation of the competition was used in the seventh season. Some competitions will attempt to cause drama in the house, such as the "En Garde" Head of Household competition, in which the winner of each round selected the next two to face off against one another. This competition was later used in the 10th through 16th seasons. Various competitions throughout the season will be endurance, requiring HouseGuests to be the last one remaining in the competition. Endurance competitions are often held after game changing announcements, such as when a previously evicted HouseGuest returns. Various endurance competitions may have punished or rewarded contestants who either fall off first or last. Skill-based competitions also appear frequently throughout the season, some of which may last for numerous hours. Skill competitions, such as the 13th season's "Big Brother Open", are finished during the live eviction broadcast. The final Head of Household competition of each season features three rounds; the first is endurance-based, the second is skill-based (often with a memory component), and the final is question-based. The record for most Head of Household competitions won in a single season is four (4), which were held by Drew Daniel, Janelle Pierzina, Hayden Moss, Rachel Reilly, Ian Terry, Aaryn Gries, Caleb Reynolds, Vanessa Rousso, Steve Moses and Jackson Michie in terms of reigns. Frankie Grande won HOH five times in the 16th season; however, he was dethroned twice due to the dual HoH twist that was in play during his season and his third reign was rewound due to the rewind button twist, leaving him with just two full reigns as HoH. Ian Terry and Jackson Michie share the record for most consecutive Head of Household wins, with four (both winning at the Final 9, 7, 5 and 3 rounds). One of the Head of Household's duties is to nominate two HouseGuests for eviction, or in the case of Final three, to evict. Victoria Rafaeli from the 16th season holds the record for most times being nominated with ten.
Power of Veto (PoV)Edit
The Power of Veto is a power first introduced in Big Brother 3. During its first season, it did not allow a nominated HouseGuest to use it on themselves. The final Power of Veto that season was the Golden Power of Veto and allowed a nominated HouseGuest to remove themselves from the block. Following this, the Golden Power of Veto was used in all subsequent seasons. The Diamond Power of Veto, used in Big Brother 12, allowed one HouseGuest to remove themselves from the block. as well as choose the replacement nominee only moments before the live eviction. Power of Veto competitions differ drastically from the Head of Household competition, with PoV competitions being more skill-based in nature. Competitions such as the "Pop Goes the Veto!" competition, which required HouseGuests to find letter tiles and spell the longest word, have been used in numerous consecutive seasons. Competitions such as the "Big Brother Boardwalk" competition see HouseGuests attempting to guess how much of an item there is; this is one of various competitions that do not require HouseGuests to compete in a physical-based competition. The "How Bad Do You Want It?" Power of Veto competition, first introduced in the seventh season, saw HouseGuests taking punishments in exchange for advancing in the competition. Variations of this competition have been used in numerous subsequent seasons. HouseGuests Janelle Pierzina (S7), Daniele Donato (S8), Paul Abrahamian (S19), and Kaycee Clark (S20) currently hold the record for most Power of Veto wins in a single season, with five wins each. HouseGuests James Zinkand, Frank Eudy, Shane Meaney and Kaycee Clark all hold the record for most consecutive Power of Veto wins, with three each.
Food and luxuryEdit
Food and luxury competitions have been a part of the series since it first premiered. In early seasons, the losers of the food competition would be placed on a peanut butter and jelly diet and would not be permitted to eat any other foods.
Beginning with Season 7, the losers of the Have-Not competition were required to eat "Big Brother Slop" for food, sleep in the Have-Not bedroom and take cold showers for the week. Slop has proven to be an issue for some HouseGuests; in both cases on Season 9, hypoglycemic HouseGuest Amanda Hansen fainted and had a seizure after only a few days of being on the slop diet, while HouseGuest Allison Nichols had an allergic reaction to the slop; both women were medically evacuated from the house, though they returned the following morning.
The second All-stars season also have "Have-Not" competitions but subsequent weeks forego competitions and instead decided by the previous recipients of Have-Nots, except for only a few weeks which reset the process. In the first week of Have-Not competition that followed, losers picked envelopes by random; four envelopes held a "Have-Not" card, meaning that four HouseGuests were "Have-Nots" for the week and could decide the next HouseGuest to receive "Have-Not" for the subsequent week, but the HouseGuest could not select the reigning HoH nor current Have-Nots. The first reset occurred on Week 5 and a Have-Not competition were held on the week after, in which three HouseGuests were subjected to Have-Nots; a second reset occurred on Week 10 where the Have-Nots twist for the season has ended. The number of Have-Nots were also reduced by one every three evictions.
HouseGuests can be penalized for not following Have-Not rules, which is usually incorporated with a penalty vote for eviction; three HouseGuests had, to date, been penalized for the infraction and in all cases, they were ultimately evicted on the following week's eviction: HouseGuest Jen Johnson from season 8 was the first HouseGuest to do so, followed by Audrey Middleton (S17) and Matt Clines (S19). Season 11 HouseGuests Jeff Schroeder and Kevin Campbell also had broke the rule, however by a lesser degree, they instead penalized for an extra day on the slop diet instead. Season 21 winner Jackson Michie also have broke the rule but was not issued a penalty due to the obstruction of the camera view behind the shower walls while eating non-slop, resulting in the Have-Not being unseen for the remainder of that season.
The HouseGuests also frequently compete in luxury competitions during their time in the house, with most frequently, the right to watch a film or television show in the house. When competitions for films or television shows occur, an actor or actress from the series may enter the house to host the competition or speak with the HouseGuests. Actors such as Jeremy Piven, David Hasselhoff and Neil Patrick Harris have all entered the house to participate in luxury competitions or rewards.
Battle of the BlockEdit
The Battle of the Block was first introduced during season 16 and was reintroduced during the following season's premiere; Instead of the normal singular Head of Household (HOH), two HOHs were named for that week. Each would then nominate a pair of nominees. These two pairs of nominees would compete against each other in a competition. The winning pair would receive immunity and if nominated, the and incumbent HOH that nominated them would be dethroned and losing immunity, allowing the other HOH sole power for the rest of the week. There were eight Battle of the Block competitions in season 16 and five in season 17.
The Battle Back Competition allows an evicted HouseGuest to return into the house and play as if they had never left. While elements of this competition first appeared in Season 15, it was officially introduced in Season 18 and has appeared in subsequent seasons except Season 22, with various competitions as follows:
- In Seasons 15 and 17, the first four jurors competed in the HOH competition alongside the remaining houseguests. The winner of the competing jury members would be put back in the house and had the possibility to win HOH in the same competition. The winners of these competitions were Judd Daugherty and John McGuire, who finished in fifth and fourth place, respectively, in their respective seasons.
- In Season 16, the first four jury members competed only against each other to make their way back into the house. The winner was Nicole Franzel, who beat Hayden Voss, Zach Rance and Jocasta Odom.
- During Season 18, the first two evicted houseguests battled one on one, and the winner went on to compete against the third. The winner of that matchup would face the next evicted HouseGuest, and the winner of the final match-up re-entered the game. Victor Arroyo was the winner. Also in that season, Jury members competed alongside the HouseGuests still in the game. The last HouseGuest standing became the new HoH, while the last Jury member standing returned to the game. Victor won this Battle Back, making him the first HouseGuest in Big Brother history to re-enter the game in the same season for a third time. This version of the Battle Back did not return for season 19.
- During Season 19, the first four evicted HouseGuests played against each other in one competition. The top two then played head-to-head and the winner then had to face off against a member inside the house. If the evicted HouseGuest won, they would re-enter the game. However, if the non-evicted HouseGuest won, no one would re-enter the game and all four evicted HouseGuests would be permanently eliminated. Cody Nickson beat Paul Abrahamian in the final round and re-entered the game.
- During Season 20, the first four evicted Jury members played against each other in one competition. Scottie Salton beat out his competitors Bayleigh Dayton, Angie "Rockstar" Lantry and Faysal Shafaat and re-entered the game.
- During Season 21, the first four evicted HouseGuests became members of Camp Comeback and did not exit the house following their evictions. After four HouseGuests were evicted, they competed in the Comeback Competition to re-enter the game. Cliff Hogg III beat out his competitors David Alexander, Ovi Kabir and Kemi Fakunle and re-entered the game.
|Season||Episodes||Originally aired||Days||HouseGuests||Winner||Runner–up||America's Favorite|
|Final vote||Average viewers|
|First aired||Last aired||Network|
|1||70||July 5, 2000||September 29, 2000||CBS||88||10||Eddie McGee||Josh Souza||N/A||59–27–14%[c]||9.01|
|2||30||July 5, 2001||September 20, 2001||82||12||Will Kirby||Nicole Schaffrich||N/A||5–2||7.90|
|3||33||July 10, 2002||September 25, 2002||82||12||Lisa Donahue||Danielle Reyes||N/A||9–1||8.70|
|4||33||July 8, 2003||September 24, 2003||82||13||Jun Song||Alison Irwin||N/A||6–1||8.80|
|5||31||July 6, 2004||September 21, 2004||82||14||Drew Daniel||Michael Ellis||N/A||4–3||8.30|
|6||30||July 7, 2005||September 20, 2005||80||14||Maggie Ausburn||Ivette Corredero||N/A||4–3||7.24|
|7[d]||28||July 6, 2006||September 12, 2006||72||14||Mike Malin||Erika Landin||Janelle Pierzina||6–1||7.56|
|8||33||July 5, 2007||September 18, 2007||81||14||Dick Donato||Daniele Donato||Eric Stein||5–2||7.52|
|9[e]||33||February 12, 2008||April 27, 2008||81||16||Adam Jasinski||Ryan Quicksall||James Zinkand||6–1||6.56|
|10||29||July 13, 2008||September 16, 2008||71||13||Dan Gheesling||Memphis Garrett||Keesha Smith||7–0||6.72|
|11||30||July 9, 2009||September 15, 2009||73||13||Jordan Lloyd||Natalie Martinez||Jeff Schroeder||5–2||7.19|
|12||30||July 5, 2010||September 15, 2010||75||13||Hayden Moss||Lane Elenburg||Britney Haynes||4–3||7.76|
|13||29||July 7, 2011||September 14, 2011||75||14||Rachel Reilly||Porsche Briggs||Jeff Schroeder||4–3||7.95|
|14||30||July 12, 2012||September 19, 2012||75||16||Ian Terry||Dan Gheesling||Frank Eudy||6–1||6.79|
|15||36||June 26, 2013||September 18, 2013||90||16||Andy Herren||GinaMarie Zimmerman||Elissa Slater||7–2||6.47|
|16||40||June 25, 2014||September 24, 2014||97||16||Derrick Levasseur||Cody Calafiore||Donny Thompson||7–2||6.41|
|17||40||June 24, 2015||September 23, 2015||98||17||Steve Moses||Liz Nolan||James Huling||6–3||6.18|
|18||42||June 22, 2016||September 21, 2016||99||16||Nicole Franzel||Paul Abrahamian||Victor Arroyo||5–4||5.78|
|OTT||10[f]||September 28, 2016||December 1, 2016||CBS All Access||65||13||Morgan Willett||Jason Roy||N/A||America's Vote[c]||N/A|
|19||39||June 28, 2017||September 20, 2017||CBS||92||17||Josh Martinez||Paul Abrahamian||Cody Nickson||5–4||6.06|
|20||40||June 27, 2018||September 26, 2018||99||16||Kaycee Clark||Tyler Crispen||Tyler Crispen||5–4||5.41|
|21||40||June 25, 2019||September 25, 2019||99||16||Jackson Michie||Holly Allen||Nicole Anthony||6–3||4.38|
|22[d]||37||August 5, 2020||October 28, 2020||85||16||TBA||TBA||TBA||TBA||TBA|
- Daily recap episodes that aired during the first season were approximately 20–23 minutes without commercials.
- Weekly recap and live episodes that aired during the first season were approximately 40-43 minutes without commercials. Starting with the second season, all episodes adopted this running time.
- For the first season and Over the Top, the public voted to determine the winner between the three finalists. The voting percentages were not revealed for Over the Top; however, it was revealed that the margin of victory was within 20,000 votes between the winner and the first runner–up.
- Also known as Big Brother: All Stars
- Also known as Big Brother: 'Til Death Do You Part
- Although technically containing 11 episodes, the two episodes between episode 5 and episode 7 were officially numbered 6.1 and 6.2, leaving the official episode number at 10.
Controversy and criticismEdit
Since its inception, Big Brother has been criticized following reports of "HIB" (Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying), violence in the house, obscene language, breach of integrity, and the physical and mental strain of appearing on the series. Several seasons have also been criticized for racism and discrimination, most notably season 15 and season 21. On September 9, 2018, Chen's husband, Leslie Moonves, resigned as President of CBS after a second wave of reports of sexual misconduct allegations against him. On September 13, Chen closed out that evening's episode by saying, "From outside the Big Brother house, I'm Julie Chen Moonves. Good night." As Chen had previously never used Moonves professionally, many saw the move as Chen standing in solidarity with her husband. Following her resignation from The Talk on September 18 after eight years as co-host, there was speculation on whether Chen would continue as host of Big Brother. She returned to host the following year.
- The host officially began using her married name of Moonves on the 35th episode of the 20th season.
- Wilkes, Neil (February 6, 2008). "E4 picks up US 'Big Brother'". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
- Baldwin, Kristen (June 21, 2016). "'Big Brother': Meet the Men Behind the Show's Signature Voices". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
- Dehnart, Andy (September 29, 2015). "How David Vanacore's music came to dominate reality TV". reality blurred. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
- "Big Brother USA IMDb Page". Retrieved August 10, 2020.
- Carman, John (July 5, 2000). "'Big Brother' Watches Their Every Movement". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- Andy Dehnart. "Big Brother 2: audience won't vote; Julie Chen will return as host". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Shows A-Z - big brother on cbs". The Futon Critic. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Dietz, Jason (May 15, 2019). "UPFRONTS: CBS'S NEW SHOWS AND 2019-20 SCHEDULE". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Rice, Lynette (May 20, 2019). "CBS announces return date for Big Brother and Julie Chen Moonves". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- Peter White (July 23, 2020). "Big Brother: CBS Sets Premiere Of Delayed All-Stars Season, Outlines Health & Safety Protocols". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- "CBS TO BROADCAST ITS FIRST CELEBRITY EDITION OF REALITY HIT "BIG BROTHER"". CBS. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Porreca, Brian (August 2, 2016). "'Big Brother' Moves to Fall on CBS All Access". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Webb Mitovich, Matt (December 1, 2017). "CBS Pits Celeb Big Brother vs. Olympics, Sets Date for 30th Amazing Race". TV Line. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
- Greensit, Charlotte (2000-02-21). "Nowhere to Hide". Time World. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- Burr, Ty (12 July 2000). "True Man Show". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother: 'Til Death Do You Part' Here...There...Everywhere". The Futon Critic. February 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (September 24, 2014). "'Big Brother' Renewed for 17th and 18th Seasons by CBS". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
- 'Big Brother' USA: Two houseguests evicted during 500th episode Digital Spy, September 5, 2013
- "CBS Big Brother 'House Calls' Show Has Been Canceled". IMDb. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother 5' to feature daily web talk show co-hosted by Marcellus Reynolds". Reality TV World. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Survivor Live: The Internet Talk Show to Air Thursdays and Fridays on CBS.com". Gohawaii.about.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Marcellas Reynolds – Other works". IMDb. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Kelly. "My TV: MY TV's FIRST EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: a one-on-one with Bunky". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Daniele Donato " realitycompetitiontv". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother Housecalls cancelled + reality blurred". Realityblurred.com. 2009-06-14. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- CBS plans 'Big Brother' spin-off Variety
- Carrie "Spicy" Milburn (2013-05-29). "Big Brother After Dark Season 15 Moves From Showtime To TVGN". Reality Nation. Archived from the original on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother: After Dark' Moves From Showtime to TVGN". Hollywoodreporter.com. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother Video – Live Chat: Nicole Franzel". CBS. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Young, Cia (September 18, 2017). "'BB19' NEWS: DR. WILL TO CONDUCT BACKYARD FACEBOOK LIVE INTERVIEWS WITH HOUSEGUESTS AFTER JEFF SCHROEDER EXIT". Inquisitr.com. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
- Chen, Julie [@JulieChen] (June 17, 2018). "The #BB20 HGs will be revealed tomorrow... #ButFirst, I have more BB news! #BBCeleb alums @MarissaJWinokur and @helloross are back... and hosting a new show called "Off the Block with Ross and Marissa" on Facebook Watch every Friday this summer! @CBSBigBrother" (Tweet). Retrieved June 18, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Brian Porreca (August 2, 2016). "'Big Brother' Moves to Fall on CBS All Access". The Hollywood Reporter. Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group.
- Andreeva, Nellie (August 2, 2016). "'Big Brother': New Season Coming To CBS All Access This Fall". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- Boyer, Matt. "Big Brother In 2020: Season 22 But No Celebrity Edition – Big Brother Network". Retrieved 2020-01-03.
- "Big Brother Canada Blog – Big Brother Canada Season 3 officially announced – GlobalTV". GlobalTV. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Braxton, Greg (September 11, 2000). "'Big Brother' Guests Threaten Walkout". Los Angeles Times.
- "Bustle". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother': Derrick Lavasseur's Grandpa Dies – Hollywood Life". Hollywood Life. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Milmo, Cahal (August 1, 2000). "Psychologists in trouble for 'Big Brother'". The Independent. London.
- "What we learned from Big Brother – Television & radio – The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Why I... think Big Brother is more than a game show". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother' reveals Neil Garcia departure, leaves details unexplained". Reality TV World. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- ""Big Brother" Addresses Chima's Expulsion". CBS News. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Why Was Willie Hantz Expelled from Big Brother 14? - Reality Nation". Reality Nation. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- McFarland, Melanie (July 5, 2000). "Realer than 'Real World': 'Big Brother' drama begins". The Seattle Times.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "BB1 Ep. #1". Big Brother. Season 1. Episode 1. July 5, 2000.
- "AOL bags internet rights to Big Brother". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "ATTWX's Big Brother 1". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother USA and Canada format explained – Big Brother 2013 Secrets & Lies Features". bbspy. 2013-03-01. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Andy Dehnart. "the casting sucked, and more Big Brother bashing–and some praise!". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Episode One". Big Brother 12. Season 12. Episode 1. July 8, 2010. 00:25 minutes in. CBS.
- Pickard, Ann (August 19, 2009). "Why is Big Brother so big in the US?". Guardian.co.uk. London. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "Episode Two". Big Brother 11. Season 11. Episode 1. July 12, 2009. 35:57 minutes in. CBS.
- "Episode Three". Big Brother 11. Season 11. Episode 1. July 14, 2009. 39:20 minutes in. CBS.
- "The Peanut Butter Brigade: Dedicated To The Big Brother 2 Cast". Archived from the original on 2 September 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Episode Four". Big Brother 11. Season 11. Episode 1. July 16, 2009. 33:20 minutes in. CBS.
- Powell, John (August 23, 2003). "'Big Brother' twist unveiled". JAM! Showbiz. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "'Big Brother' 14 Finale Episode Breakdown: Ian Quacks To 500K « CBS Detroit". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Bryant, Adam (2009-08-19). "Big Brother 11 Episode Recap: August 18, 2009". TV Guide. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
- "'Big Brother' recap: Expect the Unexpected". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Jessica Paff (1 September 2009). "'Big Brother 11' Kevin gets stuck in Pandora's box? - Zap2it – News & Features". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother': Former Winner Dispenses Advice in Pandora's Box, But Is It Reward Or Punishment? (VIDEO)". Huffingtonpost.com. 2012-09-10. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 14': Pandora's Box releases a power into the house – Zap2it". Blog.zap2it.com. 2012-08-24. Archived from the original on 2012-08-27. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Andy Dehnart. "Mike Boogie and the coup d'etat". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother Season 11 Episode 16 – CBS.com". CBS. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother' evicts Jessie Godderz after Jeff Schroeder plays twist". Reality TV World. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother: Matt's Secret Diamond Power of Veto power is Revealed, Sending Shock Waves Through the House – on". Cbs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Ian Terry, Big Brother Winner, Is Richer and More Mature : People.com". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Allison Grodner Interview: Scottie In & Scottie Out, Jury Hive, & AFP". Retrieved 20 September 2020.
- Adam Graham; The Detroit News (26 September 2014). "Life lessons, kinda, from 'Big Brother'". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2008-04-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "E4 picks up US 'Big Brother'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother Season 16 Episode 39 Recap: Then There Were Three « CBS Detroit". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Philiana Ng (17 September 2014). "'Big Brother 16': Caleb on Eviction, The Hitmen and Amber – Hollywood Reporter". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "After 500 episodes, it's time to add 'Big Brother' to the reality TV pantheon". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Cop To It! 'Big Brother' Winner Selected in Season Finale " CBS Los Angeles". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Andy Dehnart. "Big Brother 9 finale ratings down from last season but "consistent" with this season". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Josef Adalian (5 June 2014). "Big Brother 16 Twist: HD at Last". Vulture. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother Debuts in HD With Special Two-Night Premiere: Live Kickoff and All-Nighter Events – Big Brother – CBS.com". CBS. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Reality Bites: Big Brother Goes HD, Survivor Snuffs 'Redemption Island' - TVLine". TVLine. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother To Be Broadcast in HD: First-Ever Season in HD". CBS. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Amazon.com: Big Brother 3 – The Complete Season: Eddie McGee, Josh Souza, Curtis Kin, Jamie Kern, George Boswell, Cassandra Waldon, Brittany Petros, Karen Fowler (II), Jean Jordan, William Collins (VI), Regina Lewis, Drew Pinsky, Will Kirby, Nicole Nilson Schaffrich, Monica Bailey, Hardy-Ames Hill, Bill Miller, Krista Stegall, Kent Blackwelder, Mike Malin, Curnal Achilles Aulisio, Danny Roew, Mark W. Roden: Movies & TV". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Big Brother 3 – The Complete Season". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Amazon.com: The Best of Big Brother 4 – X-Factor: Eddie McGee, Josh Souza, Curtis Kin, Jamie Kern, George Boswell, Cassandra Waldon, Brittany Petros, Karen Fowler (II), Jean Jordan, William Collins (VI), Regina Lewis, Drew Pinsky, Will Kirby, Nicole Nilson Schaffrich, Monica Bailey, Hardy-Ames Hill, Bill Miller, Krista Stegall, Kent Blackwelder, Mike Malin, Win Media: Movies & TV". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Amazon.com: Big Brother: Season 14, Episode 1 "Episode 1": Amazon Video". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "TVGN To Air 'Big Brother 15′ Entire Week of Episodes on Friday Nights Plus Bonus Hour of 'After Dark'". Big Brother 16. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Big Brother 2014 Live Feeds – Season 16 – CBS.com". CBS. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother' bores people to jeers". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Andy Dehnart. "CBS will charge for access to Big Brother 2 live video streams; houseguests moved in last Sunday". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Mathijs, Ernest; Jones, Janet (2004). Big Brother International. ISBN 9781904764182. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Careful, Big Brother Is Charging". WIRED. 6 July 2001. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "What Are Big Brother Live Feeds?". Big Brother 16. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "CBS'S SUMMER OF 'Big Brother' On-Air (CBS), Online (RealNetworks, CBS.com and the CBS Audience Network), on the Phone (CBS Mobile) and New this Summer – On Showtime!" (CBS press release). The Futon Critic. June 11, 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- "CBS and RealNetworks Offer up Big Brother Subscriptions". streamingmedia.com. July 6, 2001. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- "CBS and RealNetworks Bring 'Big Brother 5' Live to the Internet – Premiering Tonight!". RealNetworks/CBS. July 6, 2004. Archived from the original on April 6, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- "CBS.com: The Ultimate Destination for 'Big Brother 6'" (CBS press release). The Futon Critic. July 6, 2005. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- "'Big Brother': A House Divided, A New Head of Household, And The First Live Eviction (VIDEO)". Huffingtonpost.com. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "TV Recap: Big Brother 8 – Premiere". Cinemablend.com. 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "ATTWX's Big Brother 5". Attwx.com. 2009-09-24. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 14' Premiere Recap: Welcome Back to the House". Buddytv.com. 2012-07-12. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 12' – HoH No. 1 Season Premiere Recap". Aoltv.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother All-Stars: "Nakomis Goes Homis" Review". IGN. 2006-07-21. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "ATTWX's Big Brother 6". Attwx.com. 2009-09-24. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 8: First Eviction Episode, Live Results". BuddyTV. Archived from the original on 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother All Stars Results – Alison Evicted, Julie Chen Makes Mistake Announcing HOH | Reality TV Magazine". Realitytvmagazine.sheknows.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 8: Episode 16, Live Eviction Results". BuddyTV. Archived from the original on 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 12' Live Recap: Week 3 Eviction and Another Huge Power Shift". Buddytv.com. 2010-07-29. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 13': Brendon leaves, Rachel cries, a new Head of Household – Zap2it". Blog.zap2it.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother All-Stars: "Buh-Bye Di, Evicted 7-1" Review". IGN. 2006-08-04. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- John Powell (2002-08-16). "CANOE – JAM! Television – TV Shows – Big Brother 3: Marathon 'Big Brother' contest ends on Net". Jam.canoe.ca. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 12' Live Recap: Week 2 Eviction and a New HoH". Buddytv.com. 2010-07-22. Archived from the original on 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 11' Live Thoughts: Up, Up and Away (to the Jury House)". Buddytv.com. 2009-08-20. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother: First Eviction! - on". Cbs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother Season 12 Episode 30 – CBS.com". CBS. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "'Big Brother 14' By-the-Numbers: Male Domination and More All-Time Records". Buddytv.com. 2012-09-17. Archived from the original on 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Gerry wins veto power. + reality blurred". Realityblurred.com. 2002-07-15. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- TV.com (2002-07-13). "Big Brother – Season 3, Episode 3: BB3 Ep #3: Gerry Wins Veto". TV.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Rice, Lynette (2002-09-16). "Marcellas explains his lust and picks the final winner". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Dana wins Power of Veto competition – Big Brother USA News – Reality TV". Digital Spy. 2003-07-12. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "ATTWX's Big Brother 4". Attwx.com. 2009-09-24. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 12 | Episode 14 | HOH Matt | Nominations Brendon & Rachel | Diamond Power of Veto". homorazzi.com. 2010-08-09. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 12' Recap: Deal, No Deal, Diamond PoV and the Saboteur, Part Deux". Buddytv.com. 2010-08-08. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "ATTWX's Big Brother 12". Attwx.com. 2009-09-24. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 11' Week 1 Power of Veto Recap (Page 1/3)". Buddytv.com. 2009-07-14. Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother: The Athletes Continue to Dominate the House – on". Cbs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 9: Week 8 Power of Veto, Live Thoughts". Buddytv.com. 2008-04-01. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother: A Huge Fight Breaks Out; A Nail-Biter PoV Competition Changes One houseguest's Destiny – on". Cbs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- TV.com (2006-08-01). "Big Brother – Season 7, Episode 8: BB7 – All-Stars: 708: George Wins PoV; Jase Nominated". TV.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Tex's Take: BB8 Week 5 Power of Veto Spoilers". Buddytv.com. 2007-08-06. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 14' Spoilers: Who Won the Final 5 Power of Veto?". Buddytv.com. 2012-09-08. Archived from the original on 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- TV.com (2005-06-19). "Big Brother – Season 3, Episode 1: BB3 Ep #1: (Season Premier) Lisa HOH No. 1". TV.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother All-Stars: "King Keeps Enemies Close" Review". IGN. 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother | Season 11 | Episode 2 | Recap | Have and Have Not Competition | Nominations | Chima | Lydia". homorazzi.com. 2009-07-13. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 11: Nominations No. 1". Aoltv.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 15' Spoilers: First Night of Live Feeds, Nominations and Alliances Revealed". Buddytv.com. 2013-06-26. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "2 can't stomach 'Big Bro' slop diet". New York: NY Daily News. 2008-02-23. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Big Brother 9: Week 3 Veto Spoilers, Plus Seizures and Swelling". Buddytv.com. 2008-02-25. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Two houseguests hospitalized due to "slop" diet; Amanda had a seizure + reality blurred". Realityblurred.com. 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother's' competing realities – today > entertainment – Reality TV". TODAY.com. 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Jen evicted after receiving Big Brother's first-ever penalty vote + reality blurred". Realityblurred.com. 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Survivor – reality TV – Big Brother – Apprentice – Amazing Race – American Idol – Television Entertainment". Reality News Online. Archived from the original on 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Albers, Caitlin (July 19, 2019). "'Big Brother' 21: First Four Have-Nots of the Season Revealed". Inquisitr. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- "Big Brother 21 Episode Recaps: Another Houseguest Leaves The Game". CBS. August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- Tew, Caroline (July 31, 2019). "3 things about Michie Big Brother fans are missing if they aren't watching the live feeds". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- "Big Brother Spoilers: Jackson's Have-Not Slop Scandal Has Tainted The 2019 Finale". CINEMABLEND. September 25, 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- "Big Brother 9: Week 11 Nominations, Live Thoughts". Buddytv.com. 2008-04-20. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 11' Chima keeps her word – Zap2it". Blog.zap2it.com. 2009-08-09. Archived from the original on 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "'Big Brother 13' Spoilers: Which Celebrity Visited the House?". Buddytv.com. 2011-07-22. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Former child star will appear on Big Brother to whore his CBS sitcom + reality blurred". Realityblurred.com. 2006-08-29. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Peter White (August 26, 2020). "CBS Adds Star Trek: Discovery, One Day At A Time & Manhunt: Deadly Games To Fall Schedule As Net Eyes November Launch For Scripted Originals". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "CBS Announces Upcoming Program Premiere Dates in September and October" (Press release). CBS. August 26, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020 – via The Futon Critic.
- Andy Dehnart. "Big Brother 8 bits: Dick's tea assault; banners return; house visit; Chill Town and Jen". reality blurred. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "CBS Censors "Big Brother" Slurs". The Huffington Post. 18 July 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Andrea Reiher (30 June 2013). "'Big Brother 15' house: The racism, misogyny and homophobia comes out! - – News & Features". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Jason St. Amand. "TV's 'Big Brother' Ratings Dive Amid Anti-Gay, Racial Comments". South Florida Gay News. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Should CBS Expel 'Big Brother 15' HG Aaryn Over Racist Comments?". Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 24, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Michael Langston Moore. "Is Big Brother 13 Rigged?". The Morton Report. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- ""Big Brother" mutiny brewing!". Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Braxton, Greg (September 25, 2019). "'Big Brother's' season was marred by allegations of racism. It's not the first time". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Andor, Michael (September 26, 2019). "'Big Brother' superfans led charges of racism, sexism against season 21 winner". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Heath, Jim (September 4, 2019). "Controversial Season, BIG BROTHER Renewed by CBS But NO Promises To Change Casting". jimheath.tv. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "'I'm Julie Chen Moonves': 'Big Brother' host says after husband's ouster from CBS". NBC News. 14 September 2018.
- Iannucci, Rebecca; Swift, Andy (April 22, 2020). "The Talk's Julie Chen Confirms Exit in Tearful Video Message: 'I Will Always Cherish the Memories' — Watch". TVLine. United States: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- Rubin, Rebecca (September 18, 2018). "Julie Chen Officially Exits 'The Talk'". Variety. Retrieved April 22, 2020.