Bielsk County (Polish: powiat bielski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Podlaskie Voivodeship, north-eastern Poland. It came into being on 1 January 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Bielsk Podlaski, which lies 39 kilometres (24 mi) south of the regional capital Białystok. The only other town in the county is Brańsk, lying 25 km (16 mi) west of Bielsk Podlaski.
Polish: Powiat Bielski
Bielsk County in Podlaskie Voivodeship
Gminy in Bielsk County
|Coordinates (Bielsk Podlaski): Coordinates:|
|• County Executive||Slawomir Jerzy Snarski|
|• Total||1,385.2 km2 (534.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The county covers an area of 1,385.2 square kilometres (534.8 sq mi). As of 2019 its total population is 54,590, out of which the population of Bielsk Podlaski is 25,290, that of Brańsk is 3,767, and the rural population is 25,533.
The county is subdivided into eight gminas (two urban and six rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.
|2||Gmina Bielsk Podlaski||rural||430.1||6,636||Bielsk Podlaski *|
|3||Gmina Brańsk||rural||227.3||5,672||Brańsk *|
|* seat not part of the gmina|
On 1 July 1569, the Union of Lublin was signed between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. One of the terms of the treaty transferred the Podlaskie Voivodeship from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to the Polish Crown.
On 7–9 July 1807, the Treaties of Tilsit were signed between Imperial Russia, the First French Empire and Prussia. The treaties repartitioned former Polish territory and assigned Bielsk County and most of eastern Podlaskie from Prussia to Imperial Russia.
It was, from 1796 to 1915, subdivided into 8 Volost.
- włość oleksińska – Oleksin
- włość dubiażyńska – Dubiażyn
- włość klejnicka – Klejniki
- włość łosińska – Łosinka
- włość maleszewska – Malesze
- włość nowoberezowska – Nowe Berezowo
- włość orleńska – Orla
- włość pasynkowska – Pasynki
On 5 November 1916, a declaration by the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, promised the creation of the Kingdom of Poland in the areas of Poland controlled by the German Empire, including Bielsk County.
From 15 September 1939 to 23 September 1939 Bielsk County was occupied by German troops
From 23 September 1939 to 22 June 1941 occupation by the Red Army.
Following the start of Operation Barbarossa, 22 June 1941 to 30 July 1944, Bielsk County was occupied by the German Army.
On 30 July 1944 Bielsk County was re-occupied by the Red Army.
On 5 February 1946, the Border Agreement between Poland and the USSR of 16 August 1945 was ratified by Poland and the USSR. The agreement assigned Bielsk County to Poland.
- GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 14 September 2020.