Biebrich is a borough of the city of Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany. With over 38,000 inhabitants, it is the most-populated of Wiesbaden's boroughs. It is located south of the city center on the Rhine River, opposite the Mainz borough of Mombach. Biebrich was an independent city until it was incorporated into Wiesbaden in 1926.
|• Local representative||Horst Klee (CDU)|
|• Total||12.99 km2 (5.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Numerous prehistoric and early-historical archeological finds indicate that the Biebrich area has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Age. In the Middle Ages, from the beginning of the reign of Charlemagne, the places Biburc (Biebrich) and Moskebach (Mosbach) were part of the Königssondergau Wiesbaden, held by the Frankish king as his personal property.
Beginning of the 18th century, the princes (Fürsten) of Nassau built the Baroque Biebrich Palace (Schloss Biebrich). When this magnificent building was completed in 1744, the Prince of Nassau-Usingen relocated his residence from the far side of the Taunus to Biebrich. Until the completion of the City Palace in Wiesbaden in 1841, Biebrich was the principal residence of the Princes (and, after 1806, the Dukes) of Nassau.
In the 19th century, Biebrich became an important industrial center of the Rhine Main Area with the plants of Dyckerhoff Concrete (now owned by Buzzi Unicem), Kalle and Albert Chemistry (now Celanese), and Henkell (sparkling wine = Sekt). In the economical crisis of the post-World War I Era, the small town, struck hard by unemployment of the majority of his working-class residents, merged with the bigger and much wealthier nearby spa city of Wiesbaden.
In 1951, the 633rd AAA Gun Battalion, 90mm, 7th Army U.S. NATO Occupation Forces were stationed in Biebrich.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Glarus, Switzerland
- Seligman Baer (1825–1897), Biblical scholar and scholar of Jewish liturgy
- Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911) and Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl (1823–1897), pioneers of the early German cultural studies of the 19th century, grew up in Biebrich
- Sophia of Nassau (1836–1913), Queen consort of Sweden and Norway (1873-1907), wife of King Oscar II
- Wilhelm Ferdinand Kalle (1870–1954), chemist, industrialist and politician
- Ludwig Beck (1880–1944), general
- Toni Sender (1888–1964), socialist politician
- Walther Gerlach (1889–1979), physicist
- Jürgen Grabowski (born 1944), footballer, grew up in Biebrich and was part of two its youth clubs (FV Biebrich 1902 und SV Biebrich 1919)
- In the years 1863-1866 was Béla Kéler the music director at the ducal court of Nassau in Wiesbaden
- In 1862, Richard Wagner lived for one year in a newly built country house (later called Villa Annika) near the castle at the bank of the river Rhine, working on the first act and the prelude of the third act of Die Meistersinger. Following the composer's wishes, local wind instrument producer Wilhelm Heckel invented the so-called "Heckelphone" (a basso-oboe, used by Richard Strauss, Paul Hindemith, and others).
- "Bevölkerung in den Ortsbezirken am 31. Dezember 2020". Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
- History of Biebrich (in German). Retrieved on 2008-12-14.
- "Stadtteilpartnerschaften". wiesbaden.de (in German). Wiesbaden. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
- Partly derived from German Wikipedia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wiesbaden-Biebrich.|
- Private unofficial Wiesbaden-Biebrich website (in German)