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Bidhannagar or Salt Lake is a city and a municipal corporation of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It was developed between 1958 and 1965 to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata.
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Skyline of Bidhannagar's IT Hubs at Sector V
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Founded by||Bidhan Chandra Roy|
|Named for||Bidhan Chandra Roy|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barasat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bidhannagar, Rajarhat Gopalpur, Rajarhat New Town|
At the 2011 census, Bidhannagar had a population of 218,323 (Males 111,363; Females 106,960) in an area of approx 27 km square with a density of about 8,086 persons per square kilometer. Bidhannagar has an average literacy rate of 90.44% (higher than the national average of 74%), with male literacy of 93.08% and female literacy of 87.69%.
The city has the second highest proportion of graduates in the country (30.6 per cent), only after Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, also known as Mohali, which has 34.4 per cent of its population as graduates. 
History of Civic AdministrationEdit
Bidhannagar was originally developed and built under the direct administration of the Irrigation and Waterways Department of the Government of West Bengal. Originally, it came under the Public Works (Metropolitan Development) Department. It then came under the wings of Metropolitan Development Department which was renamed the Urban Development Department in 1991. In 1989, a Notified Area Authority had been set up to administer the area.
Ultimately in 1995, Bidhannagar got its own elected body called Bidhannagar Municipality consisting of 23 wards (later increased to 25 wards). All the plots of land in Bidhanannagar are leasehold plots and the Urban Development Department (the Lessor) directly manages the land matters. The proposal for merger of Bidhannagar corporation with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been periodically mooted since 2011. Dum Dum Airport, Kaikhali, Teghoria, Baguiati, Kestopur, Lake Town, Salt Lake are already under the jurisdiction of the Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate. On 18 June 2015 Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation (BMC) was constituted by merging the existing municipal areas of Bidhannagar Municipality and Rajarhat Gopalpur Municipality and the panchayat area of Mahishbathan II Gram Panchayat.
The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate is responsible for law enforcement in the city.
The main mode of transportation, like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned, non-AC government and private buses, taxi and other popular Indian transports like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. The Howrah Maidan - Salt Lake Sector V - Teghoria (Haldiram) Line (Line 2) of the Kolkata Metro is about to open in 2019. The New Garia – Dum Dum Airport Line (Line 6) of the Kolkata Metro, which passes through the Salt Lake Bypass, is under-construction with cost inflation and delays
- All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (Second campus)
- Aliah University
- Bidhannagar College
- Bose Institute
- Government College of Engineering and Leather Technology
- Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata
- Institute of Engineering and Management
- International School of Business and Media
- National Institute of Fashion Technology
- National Institute of Homoeopathy
- National Council of Science Museums
- Rabindra Bharati University
- Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
- S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences
- Techno India University
- Jadavpur University's Second Campus
- University of Calcutta's Technology Campus
- Unitedworld School of Business
- Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
- West Bengal University of Technology
- West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
Schools in Bidhannagar include the Hariyana Vidya Mandir, Bidhannagar Government High School, Bidhannagar Municipal School, a combined primary and high school and a branch of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, named Bhavan's Gangabux Kanoria Vidyamandir, Salt Lake School, Mother International School, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Education, Laban Hrad Vidyapith. Also there are two Kendriya Vidyalaya in Salt Lake viz. K.V. No. 1 Salt Lake and K.V. No. 2 Salt Lake.
- "6. State of Literacy" (PDF). Census of India 2011. p. 98. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India. 2011. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bidhannagar
- Will Bidhannagar be merged with KMC?
- Govt nod to new police posts, civic bodies’ merger The new corporation will thus be named Bidhannagar-Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipal Corporation
- "Rail set to take over East-West". The Telegraph. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Hidco clears route for Garia-airport Metro". Times of India. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.