Bidhan Sarani (formerly known as Cornwallis Street) is a principal north–south thoroughfare in north part of Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It was named after the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy.[1] The road starts from Shyambazar five-point crossing and extends up to MG Road crossing (Barna Parichay Market), after which the street continues as College Street towards the south. Bidhan Sarani encompasses the neighbourhoods of Shyambazar, Hatibagan (Aurobindo Sarani crossing), Hedua (Dani Ghosh Sarani/Abhedananda Road crossing), Shimla (Vivekananda Road crossing), Thanthania and College Street.[2]

Bidhan Sarani
Former name(s)Cornwallis Street
Maintained byKolkata Municipal Corporation
LocationKolkata, India
Postal code700004, 700006, 700007, 700073
Nearest Kolkata Metro stationMG Road, Girish Park, Shobhabazar Sutanuti and Shyambazar
north endShyambazar
south endBarna Parichay Market

History edit

Christ Church at Bidhan Sarani, Manicktala, Hedua, Machuabazar, established in 1839 by Bishop Wilson.

The three-mile long Maratha Ditch was excavated in 1742 as a protection against the marauding Maratha soldiers then foraging in the countryside but who never came.[3] It was filled up in 1799 to build the Circular Road,[4] that ran from Shyambazar, right around old Kolkata, covering the southern end of the Maidan. It was metalled in the early 19th century. Around the same time, the most important axial thoroughfare from south to north — Wood Street (portion renamed Dr. Martin Luther King Sarani), Wellesley Street (renamed Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Street), Wellington Street (renamed Nirmal Chandra Street), College Street and Cornwallis Street (renamed Bidhan Sarani) — was built by the Lottery Committee.[4]

The Hatibagan Bazar is located on Bidhan Sarani. The street market continues till Aurobindo Sarani crossing and has resulted in congestion of the area.[5]

Thanthania Rajbati (colonial era palace) on Bidhan Sarani, near College Street.

The Star Theatre located on Bidhan Sarani was famous for over 100 years and during the period nearly 250 Bengali dramas of more than 80 playwrights were performed by different producers. More than 12 Hindi dramas were also staged at the Theatre. Unfortunately a fire destroyed the glorious Star Theatre on 16 October 1991.[6] It has again been built but it has failed to regain its old glory. With six cinema halls — Sree, Uttara, Radha, Rupbani, Bina, Minar, Mitra and Darpana — in a row along Bidhan Sarani the road was considered to be the entertainment hub in the city.

The Bethune College, is situated on Bidhan Sarani near Hedua. The street is also famous for sweetmeat shops like Girish Chandra Dey & Nakur Chandra Nandy.

The Vidyasagar College, a reputed institution is also situated on Bidhan Sarani near Thanthania Kalibari.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ Dutta, Krishna (2003). Calcutta: A Cultural and Literary History. Signal Book. p. 45.
  2. ^ Google maps
  3. ^ Lahiri Choudhury, Dhriti Kanta, p 157
  4. ^ a b Nair, P. Thankappan in The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, pp. 13–17, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
  5. ^ "Bengali new year". Notebook. The Statesman 10 April 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
  6. ^ Mukhopadhyay, Ganesh (2012). "Theatre Stage". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.