Biblioteka Imeni Lenina

Biblioteka Imeni Lenina (Russian: Библиоте́ка и́мени Ле́нина, English: Lenin Library) is a station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was opened on May 15, 1935 as a part of the first stage of the Metro. It is situated in the very centre of the city under the Mokhovaya Street, and is named for the nearby Russian State Library (called the Lenin Library in 1925 –1992). Its architects were A. I. Gontskevich and S. Sulin.

Biblioteka Imeni Lenina
Moscow Metro station
LocationTverskoy District
Arbat District
Central Administrative Okrug
Coordinates55°45′04″N 37°36′36″E / 55.7512°N 37.6100°E / 55.7512; 37.6100Coordinates: 55°45′04″N 37°36′36″E / 55.7512°N 37.6100°E / 55.7512; 37.6100
Owned byMoskovsky Metropoliten
Line(s)#1 Sokolnicheskaya line Sokolnicheskaya line
ConnectionsBus: 144, м1, м2, м3, м6, м27, н2, н11
Structure typeShallow single-vault station
Depth12 metres (39 ft)
Platform levels1
Bicycle facilitiesNo
Other information
Station code011
Opened15 May 1935; 86 years ago (15 May 1935)
Previous namesBiblioteka Lenina, Mokhovaya, Rossiyskaya biblioteka
Preceding station   Moscow Metro   Following station
toward Kommunarka
Sokolnicheskaya line
toward Altufyevo
Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line
Transfer at: Borovitskaya
toward Kuntsevskaya
Filyovskaya line
Transfer at: Aleksandrovsky Sad
Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line
Transfer at: Arbatskaya
Biblioteka Imeni Lenina is located in Central Moscow
Central Moscow metro lines.svg
Biblioteka Imeni Lenina
Biblioteka Imeni Lenina
Location within Central Moscow

To prevent the disruption of traffic, Biblioteka Imeni Lenina was built using underground excavation rather than cut and cover even though the station ceiling is just two metres (6.5 ft) below ground level. Soil conditions and the narrowness of the space in which the station was to be built necessitated a single-vault design, the only one on the first Metro line. The entire excavation was only 19.8 metres (65 ft) wide and 11.7 metres (38 ft) high. The main station vault was built from rubble stone set in concrete and reinforced with an iron framework. This was lined with an "umbrella" of bitumen-coated paper to prevent groundwater from seeping into the station. The station was finished with plaster, yellow ceramic tile, and marble.

The station originally had two entrance vestibules, one at either end. The southern vestibule, located between the old and new buildings of the State Library, is shared with Borovitskaya. The temporary northern vestibule, which served Biblioteka Imeni Lenina and Aleksandrovsky Sad, was removed in the 1940s.


From this station it is possible to transfer to Arbatskaya on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line, Aleksandrovsky Sad on the Filyovskaya Line, and Borovitskaya on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line.

Though Biblioteka Imeni Lenina and Aleksandrovsky Sad (then called Komintern) were built concurrently, they were not connected by transfer passages until 1938, when Aleksandrovsky Sad became part of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line. Before this the line from Aleksandrovsky Sad to Kievskaya operated as a branch of the Sokolnicheskaya Line.

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