Bibbiena (Italian pronunciation: [bibˈbjɛːna]) is a town and comune in the province of Arezzo, Tuscany (Italy), the largest town in the valley of Casentino. It is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Florence, 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Arezzo, 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Siena, and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the Sanctuary of La Verna. There are approximately 11,833 inhabitants[3]

Bibbiena
Bibbliena
Comune di Bibbiena
Bibbiena - Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Bibbiena
Location of Bibbiena
Bibbiena is located in Italy
Bibbiena
Bibbiena
Location of Bibbiena in Italy
Bibbiena is located in Tuscany
Bibbiena
Bibbiena
Bibbiena (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 43°42′N 11°49′E / 43.700°N 11.817°E / 43.700; 11.817Coordinates: 43°42′N 11°49′E / 43.700°N 11.817°E / 43.700; 11.817
CountryItaly
RegionTuscany
ProvinceArezzo (AR)
FrazioniBanzena, Bibbiena Stazione, Campi, Farneta, Marciano, Partina, Pian del ponte, Santa Maria del sasso, Serravalle, Soci, Terrossola
Government
 • MayorFilippo Vagnoli (since June 2019)
Area
 • Total86 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation
425 m (1,394 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2013)[2]
 • Total12,512
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
DemonymBibbienesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
52011
Dialing code0575
Patron saintSant'Ippolito
Saint dayAugust 13
WebsiteOfficial website

The town is on top of a hill at an elevation of 425 metres (1,394 ft).

Physical GeographyEdit

The municipality of Bibbiena is located in the heart of the Casentino, the valley in which the first stretch of the Arno river flows which, after having crossed the Valdarno (Upper, Middle and Lower), flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea near Pisa. Bibbiena occupies the northern part of the province of Arezzo, is located at an altitude of 425m above sea level and is about 30 km from the provincial capital. Florence, the regional capital, is 60 km further west. It borders to the north with Emilia-Romagna (Province of Forlì-Cesena, municipality of Bagno di Romagna), to the west with Poppi, to the east with Chiusi della Verna, to the south with Castel Focognano, to the south-west with Ortignano Raggiolo.

HistoryEdit

Already mentioned in the works of Dante and Ariosto, Bibbiena offers a wealth of artistic and cultural attractions that are little known. From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, from the 8th century to the present day, Bibbiena has a series of historical monuments, of which only a few are mentioned here

The religious buildings include:

  • The Church of San Lorenzo, famous for the glazed terracotta reliefs by the Della Robbia school
  • The Pieve di Sant’Ippolito (Former Chapel of the Tarlati Castle)
  • The Rococo Oratorio of San Francesco
  • The Sanctuary of Santa Maria del Sasso, one of the most important Renaissance buildings in the Casentino area.

The Sanctuary of Santa Maria del Sasso, a unique example of Renaissance art, is just one kilometer from the residential area of ​​Bibbiena. In the central part of the upper church you can see the "Madonna del Sasso" by Bicci di Lorenzo, built on a small rock, the top of an enormous boulder: the "Sasso", from which the monastery takes its name. The ancient Marian cult surrounding the boulder prompted the architect to integrate the base of the rock into a small, lower-lying church, which houses the "Madonna del Buio" (Madonna of Darkness), a wooden sculpture from the school of Donatello. A valuable painting of Lappoli can be seen in the third church. In the upper church, on the other hand, there are works by Fra Paolino del Signoraccio, Ligozzi and Ludovico Buti. Finally, in the choir, the large painting of the Assunta by Fra Paolino and Fra Bartolomeo can be seen.

SocietyEdit

Inhabitants surveyed

Ethnicities and foreign minoritiesEdit

According to ISTAT data as of 31 December 2010, the foreign resident population was 2,104 people. The nationalities most represented on the basis of their percentage of the total resident population were:

Traditions and FolkloreEdit

Every year, in Bibbiena, the historical carnival is celebrated, also known as "Carnevale della Mea" (Carnival of Mea),[4] which traces its roots back to 1337 and is linked to the medieval popular legend of the Mea.[4][5] On the last day of Carnival, Shrove Tuesday, the traditional propitiatory rite of the "beautiful apple" takes place, during which a juniper is burned by the oldest in the village in the center of the "piazzolina" (Piazza Roma) to reap the good wishes. for the year to come.[6]

CultureEdit

The town holds its yearly "Rievocazione della Mea" festival on the last Sunday of Carnival and Shrove Tuesday as well as a similar celebration in the summer with parades in historical costume and a show in the main square.

TheaterEdit

The Dovizi Theater, established in the mid-19th century, is located in Bibbiena.

EventsEdit

The "Sagra delle Sagre" takes place every year in Bibbiena. In the historic center of the town many of the Casentino valley festivals gather for a day in June (Cetica, Chiusi della Verna, Corezzo, Faltona, Partina, Pratovecchio Stia, Premilcuore, Rimbocchi, San Piero in Frassino, Subbiano).

Anthropogenic geographyEdit

FractionsEdit

In the territory of Bibbiena, with the exception of the municipal capital, there are twenty-one hamlets

  1. Banzena
  2. Campi
  3. Camprena
  4. Candolesi
  5. Farneta
  6. Freggina
  7. Gello
  8. Giona
  9. Gressa
  10. Guazzi
  11. Lonnano
  12. Marciano
  13. Partina
  14. Pian del Ponte
  15. Poggiolo
  16. Ponte Bifolco
  17. Querceto
  18. Serravalle
  19. Soci
  20. Terrossola
  21. Valchiusa

Other localities in the areaEdit

Other relevant localities within the municipal area are those of Casanova, Caselle, Contra, Molino di Gressa, Moscaio, Pianacci, Pollino, Santa Maria del Sasso, Tramoggiano.

EconomyEdit

In the past, the production of Casentino cloth played an important role in the local economy.

Infrastructure and TransportEdit

The municipality is affected by the crossing of the Casentinese railway.

AdministrationEdit

Below is a table relating to the successive administrations in this municipality.

Period Starts Period End Mayor Party Office Note
15 February 1988 11 June 1990 Ezio Bartolini Partito Comunista Italiano Sindaco [7]
11 June 1990 24 April 1995 Ezio Bartolini Partito Democratico della Sinistra, Partito Comunista Italiano Sindaco [7]
24 April 1995 14 June 1999 Giorgio Renzi Partito Democratico della Sinistra Sindaco [7]
14 June 1999 14 June 2004 Ferruccio Ferri centro-sinistra Sindaco [7]
14 June 2004 8 June 2009 Ferruccio Ferri lista civica Sindaco [7]
8 June 2009 26 May 2014 Daniele Bernardini lista civica Sindaco [7]
26 May 2014 27 May 2019 Daniele Bernardini lista civica Sindaco [7]
27 May 2019 Still in office Filippo Vagnoli lista civica Sindaco [7]

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ demo.istat.it https://demo.istat.it/bilmens/query.php?lingua=ita&Rip=S3&Reg=R09&Pro=P051&Com=4&anno=2021&submit=Tavola. Retrieved 2022-07-16. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ a b Ferri, Marco (2006). Feste e tradizioni popolari della Toscana: eventi, manifestazioni e ricorrenze del folclore, dalla Lunigiana alla Maremma, dalla valle del Bisenzio a quella dell'Orcia (in Italian). Newton Compton. ISBN 978-88-541-0723-6.
  5. ^ "La leggenda - La leggenda della Mea". 2016-03-09. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2022-07-17.
  6. ^ "Il bello pomo - La leggenda della Mea". 2016-03-09. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2022-07-17.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h https://dait.interno.gov.it/elezioni/anagrafe-amministratori. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit