Biały Bór [ˈbʲawɨ ˈbur] (About this soundlisten) (German: Baldenburg) is a town in Szczecinek County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 2,137 inhabitants (2004).

Biały Bór
Lake Ławiczka in Biały Bór
Lake Ławiczka in Biały Bór
Coat of arms of {{{official_name}}}
Coat of arms
Biały Bór is located in Poland
Biały Bór
Coordinates: 53°53′55″N 16°50′16″E / 53.89861°N 16.83778°E / 53.89861; 16.83778
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWest Pomeranian
CountySzczecinek
GminaBiały Bór
Established13th century
Town rights1382
Area
 • Total12.76 km2 (4.93 sq mi)
Population
 (2017[1])
 • Total2,171
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
78-425
Area code(s)+48 94
Vehicle registrationZSZ
WebsiteMunicipal website

HistoryEdit

 
Saint Michael Archangel church in Biały Bór

The settlement was founded in the 13th century.[1] It was part of Poland, until the Teutonic invasion in the early 14th century. Located at a formerly important crossroad, the Teutonic Knights built a fortification here, and in 1382[1] the settlement received Kulm law town rights. The town's development was stopped by a large fire in 1408.[2] No traces remain of the castle, but remnants of the medieval city wall have been incorporated in some later houses.

During the Thirteen Years' War it was recaptured by the Poles in 1461, and it was confirmed as part of Poland in 1466. Since then it was part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship until the First Partition of Poland in 1772, when it was annexed by Prussia,[2] and subsequently from 1871 it was part of Germany.

Up until the 20th century, the town economy consisted mostly of fishing, agriculture, crafts and local trade. It was the centre of a cloth manufacturing industry from the 16th century until the 19th century, when it had to close due to competition from more modern industries. A railway connection to the town was established in 1878. While most of Gdańsk Pomerania was reintegrated with Poland after the country regained independence in 1918, the town was one of the few which remained within Germany and was included in the newly established province, provocatively named towards Poles the Frontier March of Posen-West Prussia.[2] In 1939, the town had 2,292 inhabitants.[3] The town had a Jewish community and a small synagogue prior to World War II and the Holocaust.[4] The town was reintegrated with Poland in 1945.[2]

TransportEdit

There is a railway station in Biały Bór.

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Biały Bór (zachodniopomorskie)". Polska w liczbach (in Polish). Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Historia". Miasto i Gmina Biały Bór (in Polish). Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  3. ^ Weise, Erich, ed. (1981) [1966]. Handbuch der historischen Stätten. Ost- und Westpreussen (in German). Stuttgart: Kröner. pp. 7–8. ISBN 3-520-31701-X.
  4. ^ http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/city/bialy-bor/
  5. ^ Popular Science Monthly Volume 39 September 1891, Take Care of the Birds! by Karl Russ retrieved 26 October 2018

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 53°54′N 16°50′E / 53.900°N 16.833°E / 53.900; 16.833