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The Bhutto family (Sindhi: ڀُٽو‎) is a prominent political family and among the most powerful families of Pakistan, based in the province of Sindh. Bhuttos have played a prominent role in Pakistani politics and government. The family has held the leadership of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), since its inception in 1967. A family of ethnically Rajput,[1] based in Sindh province, the Bhuttos have been settled in the area for over the centuries.[2]

Bhutto family
Mausoleum of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto.jpg
Current regionKarachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Place of originLarkana, Sindh
MembersShah Nawaz Bhutto
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Nusrat Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
Murtaza Bhutto
Shahnawaz Bhutto
Fatima Bhutto
Connected membersZardari family
DistinctionsPolitical prominence
TraditionsShia Islam
ReligionShia Islam
Estate(s)Garhi Khuda Bakhsh

Two members of the family, Zulfikar and Benazir Bhutto, have been the Prime Minister of Pakistan, whereas Asif Ali Zardari, Benazir's widower, served as the President of Pakistan, from 2008 to 2013.

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HistoryEdit

Bhuttos originally migrated to Sindh in the early 7th century from the region of India. Bhutto's paternal ancestors were Rajputs. Muhammad Khan was the first member of the Bhutto family during Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's reign. In Sindh, Bhuttos first settled at Ratodero, a few miles north of Larkana.

Shah Nawaz Bhutto, a direct descendant of Muhammad Khan, came to prominence during the British Raj as a dewan of the princely state of Junagadh in south-western Gujarat in India. During the Partition of India in 1947, the Muslim Nawab of Junagarh wanted to accede his state to the newly created Pakistan, but he faced rebellion by the population of Junagadh, majority of whom were Hindus. The Indian government thwarted Junagadh's accession to Pakistan, and the Bhuttos fled to Sindh in modern-day Pakistan. Shah Nawaz Bhutto moved to Larkana District in Sindh, where his land-ownership made him one of the wealthiest and most influential people in Sindh.[3] Beginning the political dynasty, Shah Nawaz's third son Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979) founded the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) in 1967 and served as President and Prime Minister. He married an Iranian-Kurdish woman named Nusrat Bhutto. His daughter, Benazir (1953-2007), also served as Prime Minister, while Benazir's husband, Asif Ali Zardari, later served as president from 2008 to 2013. The Bhuttos continue to dominate the leadership of the PPP. Benazir's son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari became co-chairperson in 2007.

The family has experienced many untimely deaths, drawing comparisons to the Kennedy curse: Zulfikar was convicted and executed in 1979; Shahnawaz died in France in 1983; Murtaza was killed in a police encounter during his sister's government in 1996; and Benazir was assassinated in 2007.

Family treeEdit

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohammad Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatah Mohammad Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mittho Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohammad Qasim Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abro Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sahato Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pir Bux Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doda Khan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khuda Bux Bhutto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ghulam Murtaza Bhutto
(1862 – 1940)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shah Nawaz Bhutto
(1888 – 1957)
 
Khursheed Begum
(Lakhi Bai)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nabi Bux Khan Bhutto
(1887 – 1965)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mumtaz Begum Sahiba Bhutto
 
Muhammad Mustafa Khan Bahadur
 
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(1928 – 1979)
 
Nusrat Ispahani Bhutto
(1929 – 2011)
 
Imdad Ali Bhutto
 
Sikander Ali Bhutto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mashoq Bhutto
 
 
Mumtaz Ali Khan Bhutto
(1933- )
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahnawaz Bhutto
(1958 – 1985)
 
Raehana Fassihuddin Bhutto
 
Sanam Bhutto
(1957- )
 
Nasir Hussain
 
Fowzia Fassihuddin Bhutto
 
Murtaza Bhutto
(1954 – 1996)
 
Ghinwa Itaoui Bhutto
 
Benazir Bhutto
(1953 – 2007)
 
Asif Ali Zardari
(1955- )
 
Ameer Bux Bhutto
(1954-)
 
Ali Haider Bhutto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sassi Bhutto
 
 
 
Shahmir Hussain
 
Azadi Hussain
 
Fatima Bhutto
(1982- )
 
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Jr.
 
Bilawal Zardari
(1988- )
 
Bakhtawar Zardari
(1990-)
 
Asifa Zardari
 
 


  not direct relatives (only related by marriage)


TitlesEdit

 
Family tree of bhutto family

According to other authors, the family migrated from Sarsa in Hissar.[4]

  • Founding father Doda Khan of Pir Bakhsh Bhutto
  • Khuda Bakhsh Bhutto, Ameer Bakhsh Bhutto, Illahi Bux Bhutto (Honorary Magistrate Larkana District)
  • Ghulam Murtaza Bhutto, Rasul Bakhsh Bhutto
  • Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto (Member Bombay Council)
  • Sardar Wahid Baksh Bhutto (Member, Central Legislative Assembly and Bombay Council, Chief of tribe)
  • Nawab Nabi Bakhsh Bhutto (Member, Central Legislative Assembly)
  • Khan Bahadur Ahmad Khan Bhutto

PhotosEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Zulfikar Ali Bhutto". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  2. ^ Taseer, Salmaan (1980). Bhutto: a political biography (PDF). New Delhi: Vikas Pub. House. p. 9.
  3. ^ "Bhutto". www.bhutto.org.
  4. ^ Zulfikar Ali Bhutto: a memoir, Chakar Ali Junejo, National Commission on History and Culture, 1996, p. 7

Further readingEdit