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Bhima Bhoi (1850–1895) was a Khond saint, poet and philosopher from the state of Odisha in India. Bhima Bhol was a bhakta (Oriya: devotee) of Mahima Swamy (commonly referred to as Mahima Gosain and whose birth name is said to have been Mukunda Das). From Mahima Swamy, Bhima Bhoi would receive initiation into Mahima Dharma, an Indian religious tradition that challenged the authority of caste Hinduism on its own terms.[2][2][3][4]

Bhima Bhoi
ସନ୍ଥକବି ଭୀମ ଭୋଇ
Bhima Bhoi.png
Religion Satya Mahima Dharma
Nationality Indian
Born 1850, Baisakh Purnima
Jatesingha near Subalaya, Subarnapur (previously Rairakhol, Sambalpur), Odisha, India
Died 1895, Siva Chaturdasi[1]
Khaliapali, Subarnapur, Odisha, India
Spouse Annapurna
Children Labanyabati (daughter)
Kapileshwar (son)
Religious career
Teacher Guru Mahima Swamy
Works Stuti Chintamoni
Brahma Nirupana Gita
Nirveda Sadha

Early lifeEdit

Bhima Bhoi was born in Jatesingha in 1850, though various sources have cited different years as well as different places of birth.[5] Bhima Bhoi's family belonged to the Khond tribe, a Dravidian-language speaking people found throughout Orissa and neighboring Andhra Pradesh. Bhoi's family was not well off and by most accounts his early life was not a happy one. His father died when he was quite young. His mother remarried and had children with her new husband soon after.


  2. ^ a b Orissa Review May 2005 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Nepak, Bhagirathi. "Mahima Dharma, Bhima Bhoi and Biswanathbaba" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved May 2005.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ Eminent Personaltites of Sambalpur District - 3. Bhima Bhoi Archived May 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. p. 73. 

Further readingEdit

  • Bannerjee, Ishita and Johannes Beltz 2008 (eds.), Popular Religion and Ascetic Practices. New studies on Mahima Dharma, New Delhi: Manohar Publishers.
  • Bäumer, Bettina and Johannes Beltz 2010 (eds.), Verses from the Void: Mystic poetry of an Oriya saint, New Delhi: Manohar Publishers.
  • Beltz, Johannes. 2003. “Bhima Bhoi: The making of a modern saint”, A. Copley (ed.) Hindu Nationalism and Religious Reform Movements, New Delhi: OUP, pp. 230–253.
  • Mahapatra, Sitakant. 1983. Bhima Bhoi. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (Makers of Indian Literature).