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Bhattiprolu is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Bhattiprolu mandal in Tenali revenue division.[1] The Buddhist stupa in the village is one of the centrally protected monuments of national importance.[4]

Bhattiprolu
Buddhist Maha Stupa at Bhattiprolu
Buddhist Maha Stupa at Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Bhattiprolu is located in India
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu (India)
Coordinates: 16°06′09″N 80°46′51″E / 16.1026°N 80.7807°E / 16.1026; 80.7807Coordinates: 16°06′09″N 80°46′51″E / 16.1026°N 80.7807°E / 16.1026; 80.7807
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictGuntur
MandalBhattiprolu
Government
 • TypePanchayati raj
 • BodyBhattiprolu Gram Panchayat
 • SarpanchKambam Mariyamma
Area
 • Total25.15 km2 (9.71 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total11,092
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationAP
Bhattiprolu is one of the Holy relic sites of Andhra Pradesh

Contents

HistoryEdit

The original name of Bhattiprolu was Pratipalapura, a flourishing Buddhist town in the ancient Sala kingdom that predated Andhra Satavahanas. From available inscriptional evidence, King Kuberaka was ruling over Bhattiprolu around 230 BC. Bhattiprolu is well known for its Buddha stupa (Vikramarka kota dibba) built about 3rd-2nd century BC.

The stupa and the scriptEdit

Three mounds were discovered in Bhattiprolu in 1870. In 1892 when excavations were undertaken by Alexander Rea, three inscribed stone relic caskets containing crystal caskets, relics of Buddha and jewels were found.[5] The stupa was found to be 40 meters in diameter with an additional basement of 2.4 meters wide running all around. The most significant discovery is the crystal relic casket of sarira dhatu of the Buddha from the central mass of the stupas. The Mahachaitya (great stupa) remains of a large pillared hall, a large group of ruined votive stupas with several images of Buddha, a stone receptacle containing copper vessel, which in turn, contained two more, a silver casket and within it, a gold casket enclosing beads of bone and crystal were found.

One of the earliest evidence of Brahmi script in South India comes from Bhattiprolu.[6] The script was written on an urn containing Buddha's relics. The script has been named the bhattiprolu alphabet. Historians surmise that this script gave rise to the Telugu Script and kannada script.[7]

"A manual of Krishna District – in the madras presidency: 1883" mentions Public Works Department at that time having demolished beautiful marble pillars, central casket and used the remains in the sluice flowing 2 miles east of bhattiprolu[8]

GeographyEdit

Government and politicsEdit

Bhattiprolu gram panchayat is the local self-government of the village.[9][10] The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA.[11]

TransportEdit

The village has connectivity with National Highway 214A which passes through the village. APSRTC operates buses from Tenali and Repalle via Bhattiprolu. Bhattiprolu railway station is located on Tenali–Repalle branch line and administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railway zone.[12]

EducationEdit

As per the school information report for the academic year 2018–19, the village has a total of 14 schools. These include 4 MPP, one other type and 9 private schools.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,474. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bhattiprolu, India". fallingrain.com.
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Centrally Protected Monuments". Archeological Survey of India. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  5. ^ Sajnani, Manohar (2001). Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Pub. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-7835-018-9. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  6. ^ Ananda Buddha Vihara Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Epigraphist extraordinaire". The Hindu.
  8. ^ Mackenzie, Gordon (1 January 1883). A Manual of the Kistna District in the Presidency of Madras. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120605442.
  9. ^ "Gram Panchayat Identification Codes" (PDF). Saakshar Bharat Mission. p. 97. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Bhattiprolu Village Panchayat". National Panchayat Portal. Retrieved 6 May 2016.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Declaration of A.P. Capital Region" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department, Andhra Pradesh. 30 December 2014. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Map of Bhattiprolu". Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  13. ^ "School Information". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 May 2019.