Bhairavi (Hindustani)

Bhairavi (Hindi: भैरवी, Urdu: بَھیرَوی , Sindhi: راڳ ڀيروي) is a Hindustani Classical heptatonic (Sampurna) raga of Bhairavi thaat.[1] In Western musical terms, raga Bhairavi employs the notes of the Phrygian mode, one of the traditional European church modes. Many Indians growing up during 1980s and 1990s will instantly recognize raag Bhairavi as it is the dominant note in popular Doordarshan video 'Mile sur mera tumhara'.

Bhairavi
Bhairavi Ragini, Manley Ragamala, an album painting in gouache on paper.jpg
ThaatBhairavi
TypeSampurna
Time of dayMorning; Conclusion of a concert
ArohanaSa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa'
AvarohanaSa' Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Pakad'Ni Sa Ga Ma Dha Pa Ga Ma Ga Re Sa
VadiMa
SamavadiSa
Equivalent

TheoryEdit

Raga Bhairavi is often referred to as the queen of morning Ragas. It produces a rich, devotional atmosphere especially suitable for the genres of Bhajan and the light classical form of Thumri. The Rishabh and Dhaivat used here are oscillating which is strongly recommended in this Raga and it makes the Raag mood intense.[2]

Rishabh and Pancham are occasionally skipped in Aaroh like: S G m d P or G m d N S'. But in Avroh, Rishabh and Pancham are Deergh like S' N d P or P m G m r r S. In Avroh, Gandhar is skipped like: G m r S. Madhyam is an important note.[3]

Arohana & AvarohanaEdit

Vadi & SamavadiEdit

VariantsEdit

The rich culture of Bhairavi being the closing Raga for any formal performance has produced, also, many newly explored shades of the Raga:

  • Shuddha Bhairavi (Bhairavi with no deviations from the prescribed notes and movements)
  • Sindhu Bhairavi (added Shuddha Dha)
  • Jangla Bhairavi

ReferencesEdit

Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.

  1. ^ "Raag Bhairavi – Hindustani Classical Music – Tanarang.com". tanarang.com. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Raag Bhairavi – Hindustani Classical Music – Tanarang.com". tanarang.com. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Raag Bhairavi – Hindustani Classical Music – Tanarang.com". tanarang.com. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Raag Bhairavi – Hindustani Classical Music – Tanarang.com". tanarang.com. Retrieved 23 October 2021.

External linksEdit