Bhairavi (Sanskrit: भैरवी) is a Hindu goddess, described as one of the Mahāvidyas, the ten avatars of the mother goddess. She is the consort of Dakṣiṇāmūrti.[2]

Bhairavi
Goddess of Kundalini[1]
Member of The Ten Mahavidyas
An image of Goddess Bhairavi, Lithograph Print, circa 1880s of Bengal
AffiliationAdishakti, Mahavidya, Mother Goddess, and Mahakali
AbodeMount Kailash and Manidvipa
MantraOm Hasaim Hasakarim Hasaim Bhairavyay Namo Namah
WeaponTrishula, Khaṭvāṅga , Sword , Kapala, Sickle and Damru
MountLotus
ConsortBhairava, a form of Shiva

Etymology

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The name Bhairavi means "terror" or "awe-inspiring".[3][verification needed]

Iconography

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Bhairava with his consort, Bhairavi.

Her dhyana shloka in the Devi Mahatmya describes her form. She wears red garments and wears a garland of severed heads around her neck. She has three eyes and her head is adorned with a crescent moon.[citation needed]

 
Bhairavi yantra

Tripura Sundari and Tripura Bhairavi are closely associated but different.[4]

Legend

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Bhairavi is also a title for a female adept in Kundalini, Tantra. A yogini is a student of Tantra or an aspirant. A Bhairavi has succeeded in Tantra with the help of 64 yoginis. Yogini or Jogini are 64 in number. Yoginis, female supporting deities of Bhairavi. Bhairavi is the supreme leader of all 64 yoginis. Bhairav also has 52 supporting powers called 52 Bhairav. Bhairavi is the consort of Bhairava according to the Puranas and Tantras. In Tantra Shastra all 64 yogini, 52 Bhairav and 56 Kalve work together.

Bhairavi is also called as Shubhankari, which means that she is the doer of auspicious deeds to her devotees who are her children, which means she is a good mother. She also favours violence, punishment and bloodshed to those who are irreligious and cruel, which also means that she is the mother of all violence to them. She is said to be seen as violent and terrible but is a benign mother to her children.[5][6]

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ David Frawley, Inner Tantric Yoga, Lotus Press, 2008, page 163-164
  2. ^ Magee, Mike. "Todala Tantra".
  3. ^ Sukul, Kubernath. Vārānasī Vaibhava. Patna, India: Bihar Rastrabhasa Parisad, 1977
  4. ^ Ravi V. "Tripura Bhairavi". Mahavidyas. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Tripura Bhairavi – SivaSakti".
  6. ^ "Spiritual side of fierce Goddess Bhairavi, the Goddess of wisdom". Sanskriti - Hinduism and Indian Culture Website. 4 May 2016. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 9 May 2019.

References

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