Bhai Nand Lal

Bhai Nand Lal "Goya" (Persian: بھائی نند لال سنگھ, Punjabi: ਭਾਈ ਨੰਦ ਲਾਲ) (1633–1713) was a 17th-century Sikh poet in the Punjab region.[1] He was one of the fifty-two poets of Guru Gobind Singh's Darbar (court). Bhai Sahib lived in Multan and later became a courtier in Darbar of Guru Gobind Singh; the tenth Sikh Guru.

Bhai Lal Nand and Ghyaz Uddin
'Bhai Sahib Bhai Nand LalJi'
ਭਾਈ ਨੰਦ ਲਾਲ
بھائی نند لال سنگھ
BornNand Lal
Multan, Sikh Empire (now Punjab, Pakistan)
Resting placeMultan
Pen nameGoya
LanguagePersian, Arabic, Punjabi
EducationPersian, Arabic, Punjabi, Mathematics


He was provided education in Arabic, Persian, and Mathematics during his early years. At the age of 12 he started writing poetry in Persian under the pen name Goya. At the age of 17 he lost his mother, and two years later his father. In 1652, he went to Multan and settled over there, and was married to a Sikh girl. Thereafter, he became inclined towards Sikhism, met Guru Gobind Singh in 1682 and later became Amritdhari. In 1707, he finally left his job with Prince Muazzam and appeared before Guru Gobind Singh. He came to Multan again in 1712 after the death of Bahadur Shah I and started a school of Arabic and Persian. He died in 1713 when in Multan.


Some of his major works include:

  1. Diwan-i-Goya
  2. Zindaginama
  3. Ganjnama
  4. Tankhahnama
  5. Jot Bigas
  6. Arz-ul-Alfaz
  7. Tausif-O-Sana
  8. Khatimat (poetry)
  9. Dastoor-ul-Insha
  10. Faiz-i-Nur

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Singh, Pashaura; Fenech, Louis E. (2014-03-27). The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. OUP Oxford. p. 168. ISBN 9780191004117.

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