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Bhabar (Hindi Bhābar) is a region south of the Lower Himalayas and the Shiwalik Hills.[1] It is the alluvial apron of sediments washed down from the Siwaliks along the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.


The name Bhabhar refers to a local tall-growing grass, Eulaliopsis binata,[2] used for the manufacture of paper and rope.[3]


Bhabhar is the gently-sloping coarse alluvial zone below the Siwalik Hills (outermost foothills of Himalaya) where streams disappear into permeable sediments. The underground water level is deep in this region, then rises to the surface in the Terai below where coarse alluvium gives way to less permeable silt and clay. The Ganges River lies to the west and Sharda to the east.[4]

Being at the junction of Himalayas and the Indo-Gangetic Plain, Bhabhar contains almost all the important trade and commerce hubs of Uttarakhand state. Due to the top-soil replenishment every monsoon,it is also a fertile area with large yields per unit area.[citation needed]


In 1901 Bhabhar was also one of four division of Nainital district.[5] It included 4 towns and 511 villages with a combined population of 93,445 (1901), spread over 1,279 square miles (3,310 km2).[6] It corresponded to the current subdivision of Haldwani.


  1. ^ Bhabhar Official website of Nainital.
  2. ^ Sahu, S. C.; et al. (2010). "Ethnobotany of Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) Hubbard - Poaceae, in Orissa, Eastern India: Cultivation Practice, Economics and Prospects". Journal of Advances in Developmental Research. 1 (2): 155–160. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
  3. ^ Main Natural Fibers indigenous to Uttarakhand - Bhabar Bamboo and Fiber Development Board, Govt. of Uttarakhand Portal.
  4. ^ Tiwari, B. C. (1997). Wildlife in the Himalayan Foothills: Conservation and Management. Indus Publishing Company. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  5. ^ 1857 The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909, v. 18, p. 325.
  6. ^ Nainital District The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909, v. 18, p. 326.

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