Beverley (UK Parliament constituency)
Beverley has been the name of a parliamentary constituency in the East Riding of Yorkshire for three periods. From medieval times until 1869 it was a parliamentary borough consisting of a limited electorate of property owners of its early designated borders within the market town of Beverley, which returned (elected) two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the English and Welsh-turned-UK Parliament during that period (sometimes called burgesses).
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Beverley in Humberside, showing boundaries used from 1983-1997
|County||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Beverley and Holderness Haltemprice and Howden|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Haltemprice and Howden|
|Created from||Buckrose, Holderness and Howdenshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
A form of a Beverley seat was revived for a single-member county constituency created in 1950, abolished in 1955, and similarly between the 1983 and 1992 general elections inclusive after which the area was largely incorporated into one 1997-created seat Beverley and Holderness; the remainder of the seat contributed to two other late 20th century-created seats.
The Parliamentary BoroughEdit
Beverley was first represented in the Model Parliament of 1295, but after 1306 it did not elect members again until 1563. Thereafter it maintained two members until being disfranchised in 1870. The borough consisted of the three parishes of the town of Beverley, and by 1831 had a population of 7,432 and 1,928 houses. The right of election was vested not in the population as a whole, but in the freemen of the borough, whether resident or not; at the contested election of 1826, 2,276 votes were cast. The borough was large enough to retain two members under the compromise of the Reform Act of 1832 when its boundaries were slightly extended to include some outlying fringes, increasing the population by roughly 800. The first of three progressive Acts, by the third Act in 1885 were such boroughs more equally thus fairly apportioned.
For much of the borough's history, elections in Beverley were notorious for their corruption. In 1727, one of the victorious candidates was unseated on petition, his agents were imprisoned and Parliament passed a new Bribery Act as a result. Between 1857 and 1868 six petitions were lodged against election results, of which three succeeded in voiding the election and unseating one or more of the victors. After the 1868 election, the writ for the borough was suspended and a Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the conduct of elections in Beverley; when it reported that it had found proof of extensive bribery, an Act of Parliament was passed permanently depriving Beverley of the right to return Members of Parliament, abolishing the constituency and incorporating it within the East Riding constituency.
The novelist Anthony Trollope was one of the defeated candidates in the final corrupt election for which Beverley was disfranchised. He drew on his experience directly for his description of the Percycross election in his novel Ralph the Heir, and also told the story in his Autobiography. He found that corruption was taken for granted and that the price of a vote was between 15 shillings and £1. His unsuccessful campaign cost him £400. Sir Henry Edwards and Edmund Hegan Kennard were those candidates deemed elected Members of Parliament in this final contest for the constituency.
1950 to 1955Edit
The Beverley constituency which existed from 1950 to 1955 was a predominantly rural one. Under the boundary revisions introduced by the Representation of the People Act 1948, which came into effect at the 1950 general election, the three existing county constituencies of the East Riding were abolished, and the county was divided into two new constituencies, each named after their biggest towns - Bridlington and Beverley. The new Beverley constituency comprised the western half of the Riding. This encompassed parts of all three of the county's previously existing constituencies (Buckrose, Holderness and Howdenshire).
1983 to 1997Edit
Beverley again became a constituency name in 1983, this time for a constituency mostly suburban in character. The new constituency replaced, and strongly resembled, the Haltemprice constituency which had been introduced in 1955: its main components apart from Beverley were the prosperous suburbs to the north and west of Hull, such as Cottingham, Anlaby and Kirk Ella.
1950-1955: The Borough of Beverley, the Urban District of Norton, and the Rural Districts of Beverley, Derwent, Howden, Norton, and Pocklington.
1983-1997: The East Yorkshire Borough of Beverley wards of Anlaby, Brough, Castle, Hessle East, Hessle West, Kirk Ella, Leconfield, Leven, Mill Beck and Croxby, Minster North, Minster South, Molescroft, Priory, St Mary's East, St Mary's West, Springfield, Swanland, Tickton, Willerby, and Woodmansey.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Writ suspended 1869, constituency abolished 1870
Beverley County Constituency (1950–1955)Edit
Beverley County Constituency (1983–1997)Edit
Elections in the 1840sEdit
Lane-Fox resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
|Whig||Thomas Lamie Murray||410||42.4|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Turnout||671 (est)||49.4 (est)||−44.9|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Radical||Francis Charles Lawley||611||36.1||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Edward Glover||497||29.4||N/A|
|Turnout||1,095 (est)||77.9 (est)||+28.5|
|Radical gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||George Hastings||192||28.0||N/A|
|Peelite gain from Radical||Swing||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Edward Glover||537||33.7||+8.3|
|Turnout||798 (est)||70.2 (est)||−7.7|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||+5.1|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Turnout||819 (est)||67.6 (est)||−2.6|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Walters' election was declared void on petition.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||−5.5|
|Turnout||1,158 (est)||93.5 (est)||+25.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.6|
|Conservative||Edmund Hegan Kennard||986||26.3||−8.7|
|Turnout||1,877 (est)||70.2 (est)||−23.3|
A Royal Commission was appointed to investigate the seat and, after finding extensive bribery, the borough's writ was suspended, the election result voided, and the seat was absorbed into East Riding of Yorkshire.
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Arnold William Gray||12,399||25.9||N/A|
|Liberal||Harold Stewart Freemantle||7,719||16.1||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||G. Thorley||1,121||2.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Harold Stewart Freemantle||6,522||13.8||-1.3|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Collinge||17,986||27.8||−3.5|
|Natural Law||D Hetherington||199||0.3||+0.3|
Notes and referencesEdit
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
- Bethell was also elected for Hedon, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Beverley
- Pelham and Bradshaw beat Hotham in the 1727 election, but on petition Hotham was declared elected in Bradshaw's place. Bradshaw's agents at Beverley were imprisoned, and the investigations led directly to the passing of the Bribery Act, 1729
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 142–144. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via Google Books.
- "The General Election". The Spectator. 26 June 1841. p. 6. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Elections Decided". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 10 July 1841. p. 6. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "State of the Poll". The Globe. 2 July 1841. p. 1. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The New Parliament". Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette. 9 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Chapman, J. K. (1964). The Career of Arthur Hamilton Gordon: First Lord Stanmore 1829–1912. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442654600 – via Google Books.
- "To Correspondents". Yorkshire Gazette. 29 July 1854. p. 5. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Glover's election was declared void on petition, because he lacked the necessary property qualification to be a candidate, and a by-election held
- "Beverley". The Morning Chronicle. 7 July 1852. p. 20. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "The Elections". Leeds Intelligencer. 10 July 1852. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Baggs, A. P.; Brown, L. M.; Forster, G. C. F.; Hall, I; Horrox, R. E.; Kent, G. H. R.; Neave, D. (1989). "Modern Beverley: Political and Social History, 1835–1918". In Allison, K. J. (ed.). A History of the County of York East Riding" Volume 6, the Borough and Liberties of Beverley. British History Online. London. pp. 141–148. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Beverley Election". Hull Packet. 13 March 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Our London Correspondent". Bicester Advertiser. 25 April 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Walters' election was declared void on petition because of corrupt practices, and a by-election held
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Beverley Election". York Herald. 25 January 1840. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 27 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Dublin Morning Register". 28 January 1840. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser. 28 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Disraeli, Benjamin (1997). Wiebe, M.G. (ed.). Letters. University of Toronto Press. p. 349. ISBN 0-8020-4137-X. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
- Goldman, Lawrence (2004). "Politics". Science, Reform and Politics in Victorian Britain: The Social Science Association 1857–1886. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 104. ISBN 0511037112. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- Rix, Kathryn (13 April 2013). "MPs at the Old Bailey". The Victorian Commons. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Rix, Kathryn (13 December 2012). "Christmas at Newgate: Edward Glover MP and the abolition of the property qualification". The Victorian Commons. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Porritt, Edward; Porritt, Annie G. (1903). "Property Qualifications for Members". The Unreformed House of Commons: Parliamentary Representation Before 1832; Volume 1: England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 177. ISBN 9781107640047. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "To the Electors of the Borough of Beverley". Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette. 8 August 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Beverley". John Bull. 2 May 1859. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Hull Packet. 3 February 1860. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Bury and Norwich Post. 13 June 1865. p. 3. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Modern Beverley: Political and Social History, 1835-1918", A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 6: The borough and liberties of Beverley (1989), pp. 141-148
- UK General Election results: February 1950
- UK General Election results: October 1951
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- UK General Election results: June 1983
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- UK General Election results: June 1987
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, “Members of the Long Parliament” (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Michael Kinnear, "The British Voter" (London: Batsford, 1968)
- H G Nicholas, "To The Hustings" (London: Cassell & Co., 1956)
- J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Robert Waller, "The Almanac of British Politics" (3rd edition, London: Croom Helm, 1987)
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
- Victoria County History of the East Riding of Yorkshire
- "Beverley, 1700-1835 - Parliamentary Elections" from the Victoria County History