Betty May Nuthall Shoemaker (née Nuthall; 23 May 1911 – 8 November 1983) was an English tennis player. Known for her powerful forehand, according to Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Nuthall was ranked in the world top ten in 1927, 1929 through 1931, and 1933, reaching a career high in those rankings of World No. 4 in 1929. She won the mixed doubles championships at the French Open in 1931 with Pat Spence.
|Full name||Elizabeth May Nuthall Shoemaker|
|Country (sports)||United Kingdom|
|Born||23 May 1911|
|Died||8 November 1983 (aged 72)|
New York City, USA
|Int. Tennis HoF||1977 (member page)|
|Highest ranking||No. 4 (1929)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||F (1931)|
|Wimbledon||4R (1933, 1937, 1938, 1946)|
|US Open||W (1930)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||W (1931)|
|US Open||W (1930, 1931, 1933)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|French Open||W (1931, 1932)|
|US Open||W (1929, 1931)|
Nuthall's father taught her tennis. She won the junior championships of Great Britain in 1924 (aged 13), 1925 and 1926.
In 1927 at the age of 16, Nuthall tied Elisabeth Moore as the then-youngest women's singles finalist ever at the U. S. National Championships. Nuthall lost the final to Helen Wills in straight sets while serving under-handed.
Also in 1927, Nuthall played on the British Wightman Cup team and defeated Helen Jacobs in her debut. In her mixed doubles matches, the final of the Nottingham Championships, she won with her partner Pat Spence. She also represented Great Britain in the 1929 and 1931–34 Wightman Cup competitions.
In 1930, Nuthall became the first non-American since 1892 to win a women's singles title at the U. S. National Championships, defeating Anna McCune Harper in straight sets. She was the last British female player to win the title until Virginia Wade won in 1968. In 1931, she reached the singles final of the French International Championships but lost in two sets to first-seeded Cilly Aussem. Also in 1930, she won the mixed doubles with her recurring partner Spence. Nuthall and he went for the British Hard Court Championships in April and were only eliminated in the final, while in May they won the mixed title at the French International Championships.
At the U.S. Championships in 1933, Nuthall won a quarterfinal versus Alice Marble 6–8, 6–0, 7–5 after being down two breaks of serve at 1–5 in the final set. In the semifinal versus Moody, Nuthall won the first set 6–2 in just 12 minutes, which was the first set Wills had lost at this tournament since 1926. Moody, however, turned around the match and won the last two sets 6–3, 6–2 despite losing her serve twice in the second set. Nuthall never again reached the quarterfinals of a Grand Slam singles tournament.
Nuthall won women's doubles titles at the 1930, 1931, and 1933 U.S. Championships and at the 1931 French Championships. She won mixed doubles championships at the 1929 and 1931 U.S. Championships and at the 1931 and 1932 French Championships.
She formed a real-life couple with her doubles partner Pat Spence, with whom she went on to win the French Open mixed doubles tournament in 1931. In 1954 she married Franklin Shoemaker, who died in 1982. On 8 November 1983 Nuthall died in New York of a coronary arrest.
Grand Slam finalsEdit
Singles: 3 (1 title, 2 runners-up)Edit
|Runner-up||1927||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Helen Wills||1–6, 4–6|
|Winner||1930||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Anna McCune Harper||6–1, 6–4|
|Runner-up||1931||French International Championships||Clay||Cilly Aussem||6–8, 1–6|
Women's doubles (4 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit
|Runner-up||1927||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Joan Fry|| Kitty McKane
|1–6, 6–4, 4–6|
|Winner||1930||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Sarah Palfrey|| Edith Cross
Anna McCune Harper
|3–6, 6–3, 7–5|
|Winner||1931||French International Championships||Clay||Eileen Bennett Whittingstall|| Cilly Aussem
|Winner||1931||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Eileen Bennett Whittingstall|| Helen Jacobs
|Runner-up||1932||French International Championships||Clay||Eileen Bennett Whittingstall|| Elizabeth Ryan
Helen Wills Moody
|Winner||1933||U. S. National Championships||Grass||Freda James|| Elizabeth Ryan
Helen Wills Moody
Mixed doubles (4 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Winner||1929||U. S. National Championships||Grass||George Lott|| Phyllis Covell
|Winner||1931||French International Championships||Clay||Patrick Spence|| Dorothy Shepherd
|6–3, 5–7, 6–3|
|Winner||1931||U. S. National Championships||Grass||George Lott|| Anna McCune Harper
|Winner||1932||French International Championships||Clay||Fred Perry|| Helen Wills Moody
|Runner-up||1933||French International Championships||Grass||Fred Perry|| Margaret Scriven
Grand Slam singles tournament timelineEdit
|Tournament||1926||1927||1928||1929||1930||1931||1932||1933||1934||1935||1936||1937||1938||1939||1940||1941 – 1944||1945||19461||Career SR|
|Australian Championships||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||NH||NH||A||0 / 0|
|French Championships||A||A||2R||A||A||F||SF||SF||3R||A||A||A||A||A||NH||R||A||A||0 / 5|
|Wimbledon||2R||QF||1R||3R||QF||QF||QF||4R||1R||A||2R||4R||4R||1R||NH||NH||NH||4R||0 / 14|
|U.S. Championships||A||F||A||QF||W||SF||A||SF||2R||A||A||A||A||3R||A||A||A||A||1 / 7|
|SR||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 2||0 / 3||0 / 2||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 0||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 0||0 / 0||0 / 0||0 / 1||1 / 26|
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.
- Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 701–2. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.
- "Hall of Famers – Betty Nuthall Shoemaker". International Tennis Hall of Fame & Museum.
- Allison Danzig (31 August 1927). "Miss Wills Regains U.S. Tennis Crown". The New York Times.
- "Mrs. Beamish does well at Nottingham". Kingston Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica: Gleaner Company. XCIV (200): 34. 31 August 1928. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- "BETTY NUTHALL". The Advertiser. Adelaide, Australia. 26 August 1930. p. 9 – via National Library of Australia.
- Béla Kehrling, ed. (22 March 1930). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (pdf). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian). Budapest, Hungary: Bethlen Gábor Irod. és Nyomdai RT. II (6): 97. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Béla Kehrling, ed. (15 May 1931). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian). Budapest, Hungary: Egyesült Kő-, Könyvnyomda. Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt. III (10): 186. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- John Grasso (2011). Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Lanham, Maryland, United States: Scarecrow Press. pp. 333, 357. ISBN 9780810872370. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- "Miss Nuthall and Dr. Spence". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. Singapore: Mohammed Eunos: 12. 27 January 1930. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- "Betty Engaged? That's What England Hears" (pdf). Evening Leader. Corning, NY. Associated Press: 9. 25 January 1930.
- Thomas Rogers (10 November 1983). "Betty Nuthall, 72; British Tennis Star Captured U.S. Title". The New York Times.