Betsy Palmer (born Patricia Betsy Hrunek; November 1, 1926 – May 29, 2015) was an American actress, known as a regular supporting movie and Broadway actress and television guest star, as a panelist on the game show I've Got a Secret, and later for playing Jason Voorhees' mother, Pamela Voorhees, in the popular slasher film Friday the 13th.
Palmer in 1960.
|Born||Patricia Betsy Hrunek
November 1, 1926
East Chicago, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||May 29, 2015
Danbury, Connecticut, U.S.
|Education||DePaul University, Goodman School of Drama|
|Notable work||Various films and Broadway shows|
|Television||I've Got a Secret, and numerous other television shows|
|Spouse(s)||Vincent J. Merendino, M.D. (m. 1954; div. 1971)|
Palmer was born Patricia Betsy Hrunek on November 1, 1926, in East Chicago, Indiana, the daughter of Marie (née Love), who launched the Chicago Business College, and Rudolph Vincent Hrunek, an industrial chemist who was an immigrant from Czechoslovakia. She graduated from the Goodman School of Drama at DePaul University, (now, The Theatre School at DePaul University) where she studied theater.
Palmer got her first acting job in 1951 when she joined the cast of the 15-minute weekday television soap opera Miss Susan, which was produced in Philadelphia. She was "discovered" for this role while attending a party in the apartment of actor Frank Sutton. She had been in Manhattan less than one week.
A life member of The Actors Studio, Palmer's stage work included a tour of South Pacific (as Nellie Forbush) and a summer-stock season in the title role in Maggie, the 1953 musicalization of What Every Woman Knows by William Roy and Hugh Thomas. In 1953, she created the role of Virginia in the original teleplay version of Paddy Chayefsky's Marty. Also in 1953 she appeared in a Studio One television broadcast of Hound-Dog Man with Jackie Cooper and others. She would become a familiar face on television as a news reporter on Today in 1958 (the Today Girl), and a long-running regular panelist on the quiz show I've Got a Secret. She joined the show's original run, replacing Faye Emerson in 1958 and remaining until the show's finale in 1967. She did not reprise her role in any of the various revivals of the show. Palmer was the last surviving member of the I've Got a Secret first version's cast.
Palmer appeared as Kitty Carter in The Long Gray Line (1955), starring Tyrone Power and Maureen O'Hara. She also played nurse Lt. Ann Girard (the main female character) in Mister Roberts (1955), starring beside Henry Fonda, Jack Lemmon, James Cagney, and William Powell. In the same year she played Carol Lee Phillips in Queen Bee, which starred Joan Crawford.
Palmer appeared in seven Broadway shows. All the original productions had short runs, but she replaced other actresses in long-run shows, notably Lauren Bacall in Cactus Flower in 1967, and Ellen Burstyn in Same Time Next Year in 1977. In 1976 Palmer was the actress whom Tennessee Williams chose to embody the frustrated lead, Alma Winemiller, in his The Eccentricities of a Nightingale.
Palmer's need for money to replace her broken-down, unroadworthy car was a reason for taking her most famous recent role, Friday the 13th. She recounted, in an interview, that her initial reaction to the experience was: "What a piece of shit! Nobody is ever going to see this thing." Despite her distaste for the film, she reluctantly consented to a cameo appearance in Friday the 13th Part 2. She ultimately came to accept and celebrate her participation in the franchise, as it made her more famous rather than infamous, and appeared in the 2006 documentary, Betsy Palmer: Scream Queen Legend. Palmer was asked to reprise her role as Mrs. Voorhees in Freddy vs. Jason in 2003 and agreed to return, but ultimately turned down the role after being offered a surprisingly low salary.
In 1982 Palmer created the role of "Suzanne Becker" on the CBS daytime soap opera As the World Turns. From 1989 to 1990, the actress appeared on Knots Landing as Virginia "Ginny" Bullock, the aunt of Valene Ewing (played by series star Joan Van Ark). Palmer acted in a Mayfield Dinner Theatre production of On Golden Pond in Edmonton, Alberta, in 1997.
In 2005, at around 79 years old, she appeared as Trudie Tredwell in the horror short Penny Dreadful, and in 2007, at 81, as the older version of the title character in Waltzing Anna. She also provided the voice of the title character, the ghost of a witch, in the 2007 horror film Bell Witch: The Movie.
Palmer married Dr. Vincent J. Merendino, M.D., an obstetrician-gynecologist, in 1954. They divorced in 1971, after 17 years of marriage. They had one child.
|The Long Gray Line||Kitty Carter|
|Mister Roberts||Lt. Ann Girard|
|Queen Bee||Carol Lee Phillips|
|1957||The Tin Star||Nona Mayfield|
|1958||The True Story of Lynn Stuart||Phyllis Carter / Lynn Stuart|
|1959||It Happened to Jane||Herself (panelist)|
|The Ballad of Louie the Louse||Tina Adams||Television film|
|The Last Angry Man||Anna Thrasher|
|1968||A Punt, a Pass, and a Prayer||Nancy||Television film|
|1980||Friday the 13th||Pamela Voorhees|
|1981||Friday the 13th Part 2|
|Isabel's Choice||Ellie Fineman||Television film|
|1988||Windmills of the Gods||Mrs. Hart Brisbane|
|Goddess of Love||Hera|
|1992||Still Not Quite Human||Aunt Mildred|
|1999||The Fear: Resurrection||Grandmother|
|2005||Penny Dreadful||Trudie Tredwell|
|2006||Waltzing Anna||Anna Rhoades|
|2007||Bell Witch: The Movie||Bell Witch||(final film role)|
From 1953 to 2001, Palmer was a guest star on 73 television programs, including (in no particular order):
- Marty (1953) as Virginia
- The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse (1953–1956) as Janice Gans / Virginia
- Studio One in Hollywood (1953–1957)
- Janet Dean, Registered Nurse (1954) as The Jinx Nurse
- Lux Video Theatre (1954) as Intermission Guest
- The Goodyear Playhouse (1954–1957) as Paula Ferris
- Appointment with Adventure (1955)
- I've Got a Secret (1955-1967) as Herself
- Kraft Television Theatre (1956-1957)
- Playhouse 90 (1958) as Kitty Duval / Emmy Verdon
- Password (1961-1964) as Herself
- The Mike Douglas Show (1966-1971) as Herself
- The Joey Bishop Show (1967) as Herself
- The Today Show (1968) as Herself
- The $10,000 Pyramid (1973) as Herself
- The New Candid Camera (1974) as Herself
- The Love Boat (1982) as Millicent Holton
- Murder, She Wrote (1985-1989) as Valerie / Lila Norris
- Charles in Charge (1987) as Gloria
- Newhart (1987) as Gayle Crowley
- Out of This World (1987-1988) as Donna's Mom
- Knots Landing (1989–1990) as Virginia Bullock
- Columbo: Death Hits the Jackpot (1991) as Martha Lamarr
- Just Shoot Me! (1998) as Rhonda
- Hallmark Hall of Fame
- Toast of the Town
|Fantasporto Film Festival||Special Career Award||Penny Dreadful||Won|
|Golden Raspberry Award||Worst Supporting Actress||Friday the 13th||Nominated|
|New England Theatre Conference 2005 Major Award||Award for Stage Work||Various||Won|
- "Betsy Palmer dies at 88; was killer summer-camp cook in 'Friday the 13th'". LaTimes.com. 2015-06-01. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
- Smith, David Lee (2006). Hoosiers in Hollywood. Indiana Historical Society. ISBN 978-0871951946.
- Shanley, J.P. (1956-07-08). "REALISTIC ACTRESS; Betsy Palmer Discusses Her Work on TV". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- "The name is Betsy Palmer". The Lima News. 1960-05-03.
- Betsy Palmer Biography
- Potempa, Philip (December 15, 2013). "Wall to Wall Smile: Actress Betsy Palmer inducted this week for South Shore Wall of Legends". The Times of Northwest Indiana.
- Friday the 13th Reunion Panel, from the Friday the 13th Deluxe Edition DVD (Paramount Home Video)
- Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 279. ISBN 0-02-542650-8.
- Hound-Dog Man (1953) on IMDb
- "Betsy Palmer". IBDB: The Official Source For Broadway Information. The Broadway League. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- Orange, B. Alan. "EXCLUSIVE: Betsy Palmer Is Friday the 13th's Mrs. Pamela Voorhees!". MovieWeb. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Penny Dreadful (2005) on IMDb
- Waltzing Anna (2006) on IMDb
- Weber, Bruce (June 1, 2015). "Betsy Palmer, 88, Dies; From TV Panelist to 'Friday the 13th' Villainess". The New York Times. p. B19.
- "NETC Online". NETC Online. Retrieved 2013-04-03.