|District||Spišská Nová Ves|
|• Total||10.124 km2 (3.909 sq mi)|
|Elevation||546 m (1,791 ft)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
The name "Terra Bethlem", the earth of Bethlem, was mentioned as early as 1260 in a written document. In historical records the village itself was first mentioned in 1311 as "villa Bethlem", meaning a village belonging to Bethlem.
The village was once part of the County of the Ten Lance-bearers (Sedes X lanceatorum), a historical autonomous administrative unit within the wider Spiš county. The County of the Ten Lance-bearers existed between the 12th century and 1802, when it merged with the Spiš county proper. Between 1725 and 1803 this institution resided in Betlanovce.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Levoca, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1703-1903 (parish B)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1710-1895 (parish B)
- Surnames of living people in Betlanovce