Jews began to return to Spain in the nineteenth century, long after the execution and movement of Catholicism throughout the entirety of Spain and established a synagogue in Madrid in 1917. After the Republican government was defeated by Franco’s forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), Catholicism was proclaimed the official State religion and the synagogues were closed. A number of Jewish families arrived from Morocco, and soon established informal house synagogues.
The present synagogue was built in 1968, after passage of the "Religious Freedom Law" of 1967.
- Synagogues of Europe; Architecture, History, Meaning, Carole Herselle Krinsky, MIT Press, 1985; revised edition, MIT Press, 1986; Dover reprint, 1996, p. 338
- Linda Jimenez Glassman Jewish Madrid: where to find a synagogue, a kosher restaurant.... Archived December 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, European Jewish Press, 3 August 2008
- Media related to Synagogue of Madrid at Wikimedia Commons