Bethóc Ingen mac Maíl Coluim was the elder daughter of Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots, and the mother of his successor, Duncan I.

SpouseCrínán, Abbot of Dunkeld
IssueDuncan I, King of Alba
Maldred of Allerdale
FatherMalcolm II, King of Alba


Bethóc was the eldest daughter and heir of Malcolm II of Scotland, who had no known sons. She married Crínán, Abbot of Dunkeld, about 1000.[1] Together they had an heir, Donnchad I. Crínán has also been assigned other children, that may have been by Bethóc: Maldred, Lord of Allerdale, married Ealdgyth, daughter of Uhtred the Bold, and ancestor of the Earls of Dunbar; and a daughter (name not known) mother of Moddan, Earl of Caithness.

Their heir Duncan, also known as Donnchad, succeeded his grandfather Malcolm II to become King of Alba in 1034.

Bethóc had 2 younger sisters: Donada, who married Findláech mac Ruaidrí, Mormaer of Moray, and was the mother of Macbeth and Olith, who married Sigurd Hlodvirsson, Earl of Orkney.[2][better source needed] and was the mother of Thorfinn the Mighty. Early writers have asserted that Máel Coluim also designated Donnchad as his successor under the rules of tanistry because there were other possible claimants to the throne.


  1. ^ McGuigan, Neil (2021), Máel Coluim III 'Canmore': An Eleventh Century Scottish King, John Donald, Edinburgh, pp. 82–85, ISBN 9781910900192
  2. ^ id=mp4HAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA133&dq=beth%C3%B3c+biography&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEoQ6AEwCTgKahUKEwiTu_bmmfnGAhVKVz4KHZdlBEw#v=onepage&q=beth%C3%B3c%20biography&f=false Knox, James. The topography of the basin of the Tay, Andrew Shorteed, Edinburgh, 1831


  • Anderson, Marjorie Ogilvy. Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland, 1973[ISBN missing]